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Lyle R Wheeler

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Occupation  Art director
Children  Whitney Brooke Wheeler
Role  Film Art Director
Name  Lyle Wheeler
Years active  1936–1978

Lyle R. Wheeler image2findagravecomphotos200711579676731177
Born  February 2, 1905 (1905-02-02) Woburn, Massachusetts, USA
Died  January 10, 1990, Woodland Hills, California, United States
Education  University of Southern California
Spouse  Donna G. Wheeler (m. 1954–1987), Kay Nelson (m. 1949), Frances Walther (m. 1925–1947)
Awards  Academy Award for Best Production Design
Similar People  Edwin B Willis, John DeCuir, Ernest Haller, Leon Shamroy, Charles LeMaire

The Diary of Anne Frank and Ben-Hur winning Art Direction: 1960 Oscars

Lyle Reynolds Wheeler (February 2, 1905 – January 10, 1990) was an American motion picture art director. He received five Academy Awards — for Gone with the Wind (1939), Anna and the King of Siam (1946), The Robe (1953), The King and I (1956) and The Diary of Anne Frank (1959).



Lyle Wheeler studied at the University of Southern California, then worked as a magazine artist and industrial designer. In 1936 he was hired by David O. Selznick to work as a set designer for Selznick's motion picture production company. Wheeler proved to be a creative genius when it came to designing quality sets at reasonable costs and was very much in demand in the industry. By the end of World War II, Wheeler had joined Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation, where he remained as chief art director until the end of the 1950s.

In a career spanning 40 years, Wheeler created sets for more than 350 motion pictures, many of which are considered film classics. His credits include A Star is Born, A Tree Grows in Brooklyn, State Fair, The Dolly Sisters, Forever Amber, The Fan, The Pride of St. Louis, The Seven Year Itch, and Carousel and in particular, Gone With the Wind, for which he drew some of the earliest examples of storyboards for film, illustrating not only the art design, but the framing, composition and even the color for nearly every shot in the film, greatly influencing the production. He also created matte paintings for all the ceilings for the sets as well as large set pieces like the facade of Tara. He was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Art Direction 29 times, winning five. In 1951, he was nominated for four different films, three in 1952 and twice for two films in one year.

His television credits include the long-running CBS series, Perry Mason.

Late in life, Wheeler suffered financial reverses and was forced to sell his home. He lost his five Academy Award statuettes when he was unable to pay a bill in excess of $30,000 at a storage facility. His 1959 Oscar for The Diary of Anne Frank was purchased and returned to Wheeler in 1989 by a fan.

Lyle Wheeler died January 10, 1990, at the Motion Picture & Television Country House and Hospital, of pneumonia. He was cremated, and his ashes stored in the vault at the Chapel of the Pines Crematory in Los Angeles.

Academy Awards

The art direction of Lyle Wheeler was often recognized by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.


  1. 1939: Gone with the Wind
  2. 1946: Anna and the King of Siam
  3. 1953: The Robe
  4. 1956: The King and I
  5. 1959: The Diary of Anne Frank


  1. 1937: The Prisoner of Zenda
  2. 1938: The Adventures of Tom Sawyer
  3. 1940: Rebecca
  4. 1944: Laura
  5. 1945: Leave Her to Heaven
  6. 1947: The Foxes of Harrow
  7. 1949: Come to the Stable
  8. 1950: All About Eve
  9. 1951: Fourteen Hours, House on Telegraph Hill, David and Bathsheba, On the Riviera
  10. 1952: My Cousin Rachel, Viva Zapata!, The Snows of Kilimanjaro
  11. 1953: The President's Lady, Titanic
  12. 1954: Desirée
  13. 1955: Daddy Long Legs, Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing
  14. 1956: Teenage Rebel
  15. 1958: A Certain Smile
  16. 1959: Journey to the Center of the Earth
  17. 1963: The Cardinal


Lyle R. Wheeler Wikipedia