Latur (Marathi: ) is a city in the Marathwada region in the Maharashtra state of India. It is the headquarters of Latur District and Latur Taluka and administrative headquarters of the Latur Division. The city is a tourist hub, surrounded by many historical monuments, including the Kharosa Caves.
Latur has an ancient history, which probably dates to the Rashtrakuta period. It was home to a branch of Rashtrakutas which ruled the Deccan from 753 to 973 AD. The first Rashtrakuta king, Dantidurga, was from Lattalur (Kannada: ????????), probably the ancient name for Latur. Anecdotally, Ratnapur is also mentioned as a name for Latur.
The King Amoghavarsha of Rashtrakutas developed the Latur city, originally the native place of the Rashtrakutas. The Rashtrakutas who succeeded the Chalukyas of Badami in 753 AD called themselves the residents of Lattalut.
It was, over the centuries, variously ruled by the Satavahanas, the Sakas, the Chalukyas, the Yadavas of Deogiri, the Delhi Sultans, the Bahamani rulers of South India, Adilshahi, and the Mughals.
Later in the 19th century, Latur became part of the independent princely state of Hyderabad. In 1905 it was merged with surrounding areas and renamed Latur tehsil, becoming part of Osmanabad district. Before 1948, Latur was a part of Hyderabad State under Nizam. The chief of Nizams Razakar army, Qasim Rizwi, was from Latur.
After Indian independence and the merger of Hyderabad with the Indian Union, Osmanabad became part of Bombay Province. In 1960, with the creation of Maharashtra, Latur became one of its districts. On August 16, 1982, a separate Latur district was carved out of Osmanabad district.
Latur is situated 636 metres above mean sea level, on the Balaghat plateau, on the Maharashtra–Karnataka state boundary. Latur is bounded on the east by Bidar, Nanded is on the northeast, Parbhani on the north, Beed on the northwest, and Osmanabad on the west and south side.
Temperature : Annual temperatures in Latur range from 13 to 41 °C (55 to 106 °F), with the most comfortable time to visit in the winter, which is October to February. The highest temperature ever recorded was 45.8 °C (114.4 °F). The lowest recorded temperature was 6.9 °C (44.4 °F). In the cold season the district is sometimes affected by cold waves in association with the eastward passage of western disturbances across north India, when the minimum temperature may drop down to about 2 to 4 °C (36 to 39 °F).
Rainfall : Most of the rainfall occurs in the monsoon season from June to September. Rainfall varies from 9.0 to 693 mm/month. Average annual rainfall is 725 mm.
THE oxford city of Marathwada is the fastest growing economy and development in region. There is evidence that Latur was developed as a trading hub nine decades ago. It lies on a major trade route that used to connect north-west Indias sea and land ports to the Deccan region.Siddheshwar & Ratneshwar Temple: Situated about 2 km. from the city. Latur city has the beautiful Siddheswar temple built by King Tamradwaj. It is a gramdaivat of latur town.
Ganj Golai: Latur city has the famous Ganjgolai as the central place of the city. The town planner Shri Faiyajuddin prepared the plan for the Ganjgolai Chowk. The main building of the Golai is a huge two-storied structure which was constructed around the year 1917. In the middle of the circular structure is the temple of Goddess Ambabai. There are 16 roads connecting to this Golai and along these roads are separate markets selling all kinds of traditional local wares such as gold ornaments to footwear and food items from chilli to jaggery. Thus, the Ganjgolai has become the main commercial and trade centre of this city.
Surat Shahvali Darga: The Darga of Surat Shahvalli also deserve mention as the beautiful monuments of the city.
"Uddan Pool": It is a bridge built in centre of city at Shivaji chawk. Shooting of some scenes of Ajay Devgan, Abhishek Bachchan and the sizzling Bipasa Basu starrer Bollywood movie Zameen were shot on this bridge. It was the first bridge in Latur of its kind.
Kharosa Caves: Is a small village situated at 45 km from Latur city. The beautiful sculptures of Narsinha, Shiv Parvati, Kartikeya, Ravan are the example of the cultural heritage of this land. According to the historians these caves were built in the 6th century during the Gupta period.
Astavinayak Temple: Is two kilometres away from Latur. The present structure represents outstanding architecture and carving.
Hattibet-Devarjan: This is a beautiful place near Udgir. On a small hill is the Samadhi of Gangaram Maharaj. The place is also famous for cave carvings. The place has given birth to several freedom fighters who lost their lives in the Hyderabad freedom struggle.
Kasarshirshi: Kasarshirshi is a small town with historical significance. Ancient inscriptions dated around 696-697 AD have been found here.
Udgir fort: Udgir is one of the most important towns of Latur district. Udgir has a great historical significance. It has witnessed the war between the Marathas and the Nizam of Hyderabad which took place in 1761. The Marathas led by Sadashivrao Bhau defeated the Nizam and the treaty of Udgir was signed. The fort of Udgir stands in all its glory speaking volumes about the Indian history and Indian culture. The fort is bounded by a 40 feet (12 m) deep trench as the fort is built at the ground level. In the fort are several palaces Durbar halls and most importantly the Samadhi of Udaygir Maharaj which is 60 feet (18 m) under the normal ground level. This is a place of great reverence to the people of the region. The fort has some rare inscriptions written in Arabic and Persian.
Wadwal Nagnath Bet (Hill): is famous for its unique feature of producing a very rare species of Ayurvedic bushes and plants. It is 16.5 km away from Chakur and 39 km from Latur city. The hill is of 600– 700 feet (210 m) height from the ground and is 3 km near the Wadwal-Nagnath village.
Handarguli: is famous of Bull market. one of the Famous Bull market in India.
Ausa: This is a taluka headquarters, just 20 km away from Latur. Ausa also has an old historical fort which today is in ruins. The place has a huge temple of Virnath Maharaj, built by his son Mallinath Maharaj about 300 years ago.
Other attractions: An Ideal Gateway to Religious Destinations namely Malegaon, Parli Vaijnath, Tuljapur, Pandharpur, Akkalkot, Ganagapur, Shani Shingnapur, Aundha Nagnath, Bidar, Satya Sai Deosthan all of which are well connected by road and railways to the city.
The park is being planned on a 50-acre (200,000 m2) plot at Harangul near Latur city. Ramky (India) is the consultant for the project. The location is best suited for processing grapes, turmeric, mangoes, pomegranates, citrus fruits and custard apple. Common facilities planned are cold-storage, effluent treatment and social infrastructure.