Economic region North Caucasus
Area 12,500 km²
|Federal district North Caucasian|
Established January 5, 1936
Area rank 78th
Team PFC Spartak Nalchik
|University Kabardino-Balkarian State University Medical Faculty|
Points of interest Mount Elbrus, Prielbrusye National Park, Chegem waterfalls, Polyana Azau, Dolina Narzanov
Destinations Prielbrusye National Park, Nalchik, Terskol, Prokhladny - Kabardino‑Balkar republic, Chegem
The Kabardino-Balkar Republic (Russian: Кабарди́но-Балка́рская Респу́блика, Kabardino-Balkarskaya Respublika; Kabardian: Къэбэрдей-Балъкъэр Республикэ, Qăbărdei-Baĺqăr Respublică; Karachay-Balkar: Къабарты-Малкъар Республика, Qabartı-Malqar Respublika), or Kabardino-Balkaria (Russian: Кабарди́но-Балка́рия, Kabardino-Balkariya), is a federal subject of Russia (a Republic) located in the North Caucasus. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 859,939 on 12,500 square km. Its capital is Nalchik.
- Map of Kabardino Balkaria Russia
- Natural resources
- Vital statistics
- Ethnic groups
Map of Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia
The republic is situated in the North Caucasus mountains, with plains in the northern part.
Kabardino-Balkaria is traversed by the northeasterly line of equal latitude and longitude.
Major rivers include:
There are about 100 lakes in the republic, none of which are large. Just over half (55) are located between the Baksan and Malka Rivers, the largest each of an area of no more than 0.01 square kilometers (0.0039 sq mi). Some of the lakes are:
Other major mountains include:
The republic has a continental type climate.
Vital statisticsSource: Russian Federal State Statistics Service
Note: TFR 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 source.
Kabardino-Balkaria includes two major ethnic communities, the Kabardins (Circassians), who speak a North-West Caucasian language, and the Balkars who speak a Turkic language. According to the 2010 Census, Kabardins make up 57.2% of the republic's population, followed by Russians (22.5%) and Balkars (12.7%). Other groups include Ossetians (1.1%), Turks (1.6%), Ukrainians (0.6%), Armenians (0.6%), Koreans (0.5%), Chechens (0.2%), and a host of smaller groups, each accounting for less than 0.5% of the total population.
According to a 2012 official survey 60% of the population of Kabardino-Balkaria adheres to Islam, 15.6% to the Russian Orthodox Church, 3% to Adyghe (Kabardian) folk religion and other indigenous faiths, 5% are unaffiliated generic Christians. In addition, 12% of the population declares to be "spiritual but not religious", 5.4% is Atheist or follows other religions.
The head of government in Kabardino-Balkaria is the Head. The current Head is Yuri Kokov
The legislative body of the Republic is the Parliament comprising 72 deputies elected for a five-year term.