Siddhesh Joshi


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Country  Russia
Founded  1724
Population  240,203 (2010)
Capital  citation needed

Nalchik in the past, History of Nalchik

University  Kabardino-Balkarian State University Medical Faculty

Map of Nalchik

Nalchik (Russian: Нальчик; [ˈnalʲtɕɪk]; Kabardian: Налщӏэч /naːɮɕʼakʲ/; Karachay-Balkar: Нальчик) is the capital city of the Kabardino-Balkar Republic, Russia, situated at an altitude of 550 meters (1,800 ft) in the foothills of the Caucasus Mountains; about 100 kilometers (62 mi) northwest of Beslan in the Republic of North Ossetia–Alania. It covers an area of 131 square kilometers (51 sq mi). Population was 240,203 (2010 Census); 274,974 (2002 Census); 234,547 (1989 Census).


Nalchik in the past, History of Nalchik

Indian expo in russia organized by kashmir enterprises ltd in nalchik russia

Nalchik kabardino balkaria russia hd travel


Nalchik Cuisine of Nalchik, Popular Food of Nalchik

The territory of modern-day Nalchik was formerly known as Slabada. It was inhabited by native Kabardians, Balkars, Chechens, Adeki, and Cherkese until around 1743: groups occasionally clashed over and dispute their claims to the land. The modern city dates from the early 19th century when the expanding Russian Empire built a fort there together with settling Mountain Jews in 1818; this date is seen at the top of the city's coat of arms. With the founding of the city of Nalchik, the disputes among the native groups calmed and life improved for the people in the region.

Nalchik russiatrekorgimagesphotonalchikrussiacityre

In 1838, a Russian military settlement was founded in the city, and after the Russian Revolution of 1917, in the year 1921, Nalchik was given the status of administrative center of Kabardin Autonomous Oblast.

The word "Nalchik" literally means "small horseshoe" in Kabardian (or Circassian, a Northwest Caucasian language) and Karachay-Balkar (a Turkic language). It is a diminutive of na'l, a common Middle Eastern word (Arabic, Persian, Turkish) for "horseshoe", possibly from the ancient Scythian, 'nalak" (horseshoe). The city of Nalchik was named this way because of how it is shaped as surrounded by the mountains of the land, and the river Nalchik is named after the city it runs across.

During World War II, Nalchik was occupied by Nazi Germany and Romania between October 28, 1942, and January 3, 1943. The city was heavily damaged during the conflict. Nalchik's Jewish population, mostly Mountain Jews, suffered brutal beatings and tremendous harm at the hands of the Romanians under Nazi orders. However, the Jewish People of Nalchik were able to survive the invasion because they were able to, somewhat, blend in with their neighbors.

Nalchik was chosen the "second cleanest city of Russia" in 2003.

On October 13, 2005, Nalchik was attacked by a large group of Yarmuk Jamaat militants led by Shamil Basayev and Anzor Astemirov. Buildings associated with the Russian security forces were targeted, killing at least 14 civilians and wounding 115. Thirty-five policemen were killed in the fighting and eighty-nine militants, including prominent leader Ilias Gorchkhanov, were killed while another fifty-nine were arrested.

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with four rural localities, incorporated as the city of republic significance of Nalchik—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts. As a municipal division, the city of republic significance of Nalchik is incorporated as Nalchik Urban Okrug.

Ethnic groups

The population of the city includes (2006 data):

  • Kabardians (Adiga) (42.3%)
  • Russians (28.3%)
  • Balkars (Taulu) (15.2%)
  • others (13.2%)
  • 2002 Census data:

  • Kabardians (47.3%)
  • Russians (31.8%)
  • Balkars (11.4%)
  • Ossetians (1.9%)
  • Ukrainians (1.0%)
  • Economy and education

    Nalchik is a balneological and mountain climatotherapy resort, with several sanatoriums. It also serves as an industrial center of the republic (non-ferrous metallurgy, light industry, construction materials manufacturing, machine building).

    Nalchik is home to the following facilities of higher education:

  • Kabardino-Balkar State University
  • Kabardino-Balkar Institute of Business
  • North Caucasian State Institute of Arts
  • Kabardino-Balkar State Agricultural Academy
  • Climate

    According to Nalchik has a humid continental climate with hot summers and no dry season. The warm season lasts from late May to mid-September and the cold season from December to March. Most forms of precipitation are light rain and thunderstorms, as well as, light snow and moderate snow. Wind speeds are typically calm to a light breeze through the year.


    PFC Spartak Nalchik is an association football club based in Nalchik, playing in the Russian Premier League. The 2008 World Women's Chess Championship has also been held in Nalchik on August 28–September 18, 2008.

    Notable people

  • Yuri Temirkanov, orchestra conductor, born 1938
  • Dima Bilan, singer, born 1981
  • Andre Geim, physicist
  • Andrei Kolkoutine painter, born 1957
  • Eldar Kuliev, film director, screenwriter, born 1951
  • Alim Kouliev, actor, theater director, born 1959
  • Nikolay Pavlov, professional footballer, born 1987
  • Azamat Kuliev, painter, born 1963
  • Katya Lel, singer, born in 1974
  • Alexander Litvinenko, ex-FSB officer turned anti-Putin activist, born 1962, poisoned with Polonium-210 and died 2006
  • Khadzhimurat Akkayev, Olympic weightlifter, born 1985
  • Viktor Belenko, Soviet pilot who defected with MiG-25, landing in in Hakodate, Japan.
  • Twin towns and sister cities

  • Amman, Jordan
  • Kayseri, Turkey
  • Reno, United States of America
  • References

    Nalchik Wikipedia

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