| 235,795 (2001)|
Hindi, English, Marathi
Jalna, Maharashtra Wikipedia
Jalna pronunciation is a city in Jalna district of the Indian state of Maharashtra. It was formerly a part of Hyderabad State as a tehsil of Aurangabad district, before Jalna district was formed on 1 May 1981.
Jalna is located at 19.8410°N 75.8864°E / 19.8410; 75.8864. It has an average elevation of 508 m (1,667 ft), on the banks of the Kundalika River.
As of 2011 census, Jalna had a population of 285,577. The total population constitute, 147,029 males and 138,485 females —a sex ratio of 942 females per 1000 males. 38,834 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 20,338 are boys and 18,496 are girls. The average literacy rate stands at 81.80% with 201,829 literates, significantly higher than the state average of 67.41%.
The first cotton-ginning & oil-pressing factory was established in the year 1863 by Mr. Pestonji Meherwanji.
In 1889 a cotton-spinning and weaving mill was erected in Aurangabad city, which employed 700 people. With the opening of the Hyderabad-Godavari Valley Railways in the year 1900, several ginning factories were started. In Jalna alone, there were 9 cotton-ginning factories and 5 cotton presses, besides two ginning factories at Aurangabad and Kannad, and one oil press at Aurangabad. The total number of people employed in the cotton presses and ginning factories in the year 1901 was 1,016.
Jalna is primarily connected with the rest of India by railway and road.
Jalna is a station located on the Secunderabad-Manmad Line of the newly created Nanded Division of South Central Railway. Formerly, it had been a part of Hyderabad Division, before divisional adjustments in 2003, which saw HYB's bifurcation.
Jalna is connected to major towns of the state by state highways. Road connectivity is excellent, roads connecting to Aurangabad, Pune, Ahmednagar, Nagpur, Beed, Mumbai having been upgraded to four-lane highways. A New Nagpur-Aurangabad-Mumbai highway, passing through Jalna, is being developed