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Faridabad

Country  India
Area  742.9 km2
District  Faridabad
Population  1.056 million (2001)
State  Haryana

Faridabad in the past, History of Faridabad
Colleges and Universities  Manav Rachna International University, YMCA University of Science and Technology, Manav Rachna College of Engineering, Lingayas University, DAV Institute of Management

Map of Faridabad

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Faridabad is the largest city in the north Indian state of Haryana in Faridabad district. It is a leading industrial centre and situated in the National Capital Region bordering the Indian capital New Delhi. Located 284 kilometres south of the state capital Chandigarh, it is the most populous city in the state of Haryana. The river Yamuna forms the eastern district boundary with Uttar Pradesh. Government of India included it the second list of Smart Cities Mission on 24 May 2016.

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The newly developed residential and industrial part of Faridabad (Sec. 66 to 89) between the Agra Canal and the Yamuna River is commonly referred as Greater Faridabad. The area is being developed as a self-sustained sub-city with wide roads, tall buildings, malls, educational institutions, and health and commercial centres. Sectors 66 to 74 are Industrial Sectors whereas Sectors 75 to 89 are Residential Sectors.

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Faridabad is also a major industrial hub of Haryana. 50% of the income tax collected in Haryana is from Faridabad and Gurgaon. Faridabad is famous for henna production from the agricultural sector, while tractors, motorcycles, switch gears, refrigerators, shoes, tyres and garments constitute its primary industrial products.

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History

The modern phase of the city was begun under the Pakistani Refugee Resettlement Project, with the foundations of industrial development being founded here by 1950.

Geography

Faridabad is at 28.43°N 77.32°E / 28.43; 77.32.

Government

Although historically an Indian National Congress stronghold, the city's namesake district is now currently represented in the Lok Sabha by Krishan Pal Gurjar (BJP), following the 2014 Indian general election.

Administration

The list is as below:

Economy

The Faridabad Small Industries Association claims that Faridabad and Gurgaon districts account for almost 56% of the income tax collected in Haryana. Faridabad has been selected as one of the hundred Indian cities to be developed as a smart city under PM Narendra Modi's flagship Smart Cities Mission.

Taxation

Faridabad's share in total VAT collection in the state was 17% in 2012-13. For the same period, Faridabad's contribution to Central Sales Tax was 15% and to Entertainment Tax was 13%.

Agriculture

Faridabad is the largest exporter of henna (Mehandi) in India. According to the Faridabad Henna Manufacturing Association, the sale of henna from Faridabad is worth an estimated 250 crore (US$39 million)–300 crore (US$47 million) annually.

Central government offices

Many directorates of different union government ministries are headquartered in Faridabad including Central Ground Water Board, Department of Plant Quarantine and Central Insecticide Lab, and Union Government Offices from Haryana including the Commissioner of Central Excise within Department of Revenue, Government of India, Department of Explosives, and Department of Labour. The Apex Central Training Institute of the Department of Revenue, Government of India, National Academy of Customs Excise & Narcotics is located at Sector 29. The National Power Training Institute, an autonomous body under Ministry of Power, Government of India has a corporate office in Faridabad. The city also hosts the National Institute of Financial Management, which serves as training academy for accounting and financial services.

Also headquartered here is NHPC Limited which is a Central PSU under Ministry of Power, Government of India and the largest Hydro-power Company in India.

Industries

Faridabad is the industrial capital of Haryana. As of 2013, out of total 11,665 registered working factories in Haryana, 2,499 were in Faridabad which was followed by Gurgaon with 2,116 factories. According to a study, growth of Faridabad has been declining in last 2 decades, share of Faridabad in investment is less than 1% and 93% of investment is in paper industry. The industrial contribution of Faridabad to Haryana’s revenue was declined from 29% to 22% in 2012-13. Faridabad is home to large-scale companies like India Yamaha Motor Pvt. Ltd., Havells India Limited, JCB India Limited, Indian Oil (R&D), Larsen & Toubro (L&T), Agri Machinery Group (Escorts Limited), Whirlpool India Ltd., ABB Group, Goodyear India Ltd., Bata India Ltd and Eicher Tractor Ltd. and Beebay Kidswear Eyewear e-tailer Lenskart and healthcare startup Lybrate have their headquarters in Faridabad. More than 5,000 units of auto parts producers are based in Faridabad. Lakhani Armaan Group has set up manufacturing facilities at Faridabad (Haryana).

Rail

Faridabad is on the broad gauge of the New Delhi - Mumbai Line. New Delhi and Hazrat Nizammudin Railway Station is about 25 km away from Old Faridabad railway station. The trains for big cities like Mumbai, Chennai, Hyderabad are easily accessible from here. Local trains runs between New Delhi to Faridabad.

Metro

Delhi Metro Violet Line connects Faridabad with Delhi. The extension of Violet Line to Faridabad was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 6 Sepetmeber 2015. There are 9 metro stations in Faridabad corridor of Delhi Metro which are all elevated. Further Delhi Metro will be extended to Ballabgarh from Faridabad and the work is likely to be completed by 2017. Haryana government is also planning to link Faridabad and Gurgaon by Metro. Currently the Faridabad corridor of Delhi Metro Violet Line is the longest metro corridor in the National Capital Region (NCR) consisting of 9 stations and the total length of corridor being 14 km.

The 9 metro stations are Sarai, NHPC Chowk, Mewala Maharajpur, Sector 28, Badkal Mor, Old Faridabad, Neelam Chowk Ajronda, Bata Chowk and Escorts Mujesar.

Road

Faridabad is well connected with Delhi through Delhi Faridabad Skyway (Badarpur Flyover).

Airways

Faridabad is served by Indira Gandhi International Airport, New Delhi which is around 35 km from Faridabad. The airport is one of the busiest airports in India and provides domestic and international air connectivity.

Demographics

As per 2011 census, Faridabad had a population of 1,404,653 out of which males were 750,446 and females were 654,207. The literacy rate was 83.04 per cent.

Schools

Faridabad has a large number of private schools. Schools like Delhi Public School, Manav Rachna International School, Apeejay School and Modern Vidya Niketan, Sector 17 are among the top 10 schools in the city. Schools in Faridabad are affiliated either with the All-India Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE) or the Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE) boards. The language of instruction is English or Hindi. Besides these there are many government run public schools which are administered by Haryana Board of School Education. There are also three Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan schools in the city which are affiliated to Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE) and are run by central government. Some of the institutes for primary and secondary education are:

Higher education

There are numerous educational institutions in Faridabad that offer higher education courses. These colleges provide courses in different field like science, arts, commerce, engineering, MCA, etc. Some of the colleges that offer graduate and undergraduate courses include:

Healthcare

There are many private and government hospitals in Faridabad. The city also has one government medical college named Employees' State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) Medical College.

Cricket

The cricket stadium in the city is Nahar Singh Stadium has a seating capacity of approx. 25,000 and has hosted 8 international cricket matches and a league cricket match between Mumbai Heroes and Bhojpuri Dabbang of Celebrity Cricket League.

Badkhal Lake

Badkhal Lake was located in Badkhal village, 8 km from Delhi Border. The lake fringed by Aravalli hills was a man-made embankment which has now dried up. The lake complex, spread over 40 acres, had come up in 1969. In June 2015, Haryana government decided to revive the Badkhal lake here to once again attract tourists.

Surajkund Tourist Complex and International Crafts Fair

Situated at a distance of around 8 km from South Delhi. It is a 10th-century water reservoir which believed to be built by Tomar king Surajpal. Place is known for its annual fair "Surajkund International Crafts Mela". 2015 edition of fair was visited by 1.2 million visitors including 160,000 foreigners with more than 20 countries participating in fair. The Suraj Kund Lake here is surrounded by rock cut steps.

2016 edition of Surajkund International Crafts Mela will be the 30th edition and People's Republic of China will be participating in the fair. Participation of the China will be the part of agreement signed between India and China in 2014 to celebrate year 2016 as "Year of China in India".

Anangpur Dam

The Anagpur Dam, located close to the Anagpur village (also called Arangpur) in Faridabad district of Haryana, India, is 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) away from the more famous Surajkund.

This unique Indian hydraulic engineering structure was built during the reign of King Anangpal of the Tomar dynasty in 8th century. It is approachable by road from Delhi from the Delhi - Mathura road. The ruins of the fortifications found in Anangpur village establishes by an inference that it was built by Anangpal as part of the Lal Kot that was developed as the first city of Delhi in the 8th century.

Religious Sites

•The ISKCON temple (33 sector )

• Jaganath Mandir (Sector 15A)

Utilities

Faridabad has been selected as one of the 100 Smart Cities in India. A live talk show on making Faridabad ‘a smart city’ was organised at Municipal Corporation's Auditorium. Haryana Power Generation Corporation Ltd (HPGCL) is setting up a solar power plant at the site of a defunct thermal power plant in Faridabad. The power generator plans to set up the plant over 151.78 acres near Bata Chowk in the district that generated coal based energy in the past.

Environment

A petition was filed with National Green Tribunal (NGT) for protection of Aravalli from Faridabad waste disposal.

Notable people

  • Rahul Dalal, b 1992 - cricketer
  • Himani Kapoor, b 1988 - singer
  • Sonu Nigam, b 1973 - playback singer
  • Ajay Ratra, b 1981 - former international cricketer
  • Mahesh Rawat, b 1985 - cricketer
  • Anisa Sayyed - shooter
  • Richa Sharma, b 1980 - playback and devotional singer
  • Rahul Tewatia - cricketer -Haryana-Kings Xl Punjab - from Sihi Village
  • Being driven through faridabad the largest city of haryana state in northern india


    References

    Faridabad Wikipedia


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