Trisha Shetty

Ennepe Ruhr Kreis

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Country  Germany
Adm. region  Arnsberg
Time zone  CET (UTC+1)
Population  331,575 (31 Dec 2010)
Administrative region  Arnsberg
State  North Rhine-Westphalia
Founded  1 August 1929
Vehicle registration  EN, WIT
Capital  Schwelm
Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis wwwkidsinfogewaltdesiteskidsinfofilesmapse
University  Witten/Herdecke University
Clubs and Teams  TSG Sprockhövel, TSG Herdecke
Points of interest  Ruhr, Haus Kemnade, Hardenstein Castle, Henrichshütte, LWL‑Industriemuseum Henrichshütte Hattingen

The Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis is a district in the center of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is part of the southern Ruhr urban area and has ca. 324,000 inhabitants (2012). The district's seat (capital city) is Schwelm; the largest of its nine towns is Witten.

Contents

Map of Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis, Germany

Geography

The name of the district describes its geographical location – it is located in the valleys of the rivers Ruhr and Ennepe. Geologically it is part of the north-eastern Rhenish Massif, a Mittelgebirge landscape; only small parts of Witten belong to the flat Westphalian Lowland.

Municipalities

The district consists of nine municipalities, all entitled "Stadt" (town or city).

Adjacent cities and districts

The Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis is bounded by (from the north and clockwise) the district-free cities of Bochum, Dortmund and Hagen, the districts of Märkischer Kreis (with Schalksmühle and Halver) and Oberbergischer Kreis (with Radevormwald), the city of Wuppertal, the district of Mettmann (with Velbert) and the city of Essen.

History

The district was created in 1929 by merging the former district of Schwelm with parts of the former districts of Hattingen and Hagen. In 1970 and 1975 it was modified a bit during the reorganization of the districts in North Rhine-Westphalia; most notable was the inclusion of the previously independent city of Witten in 1975.

Coat of arms

In the middle of the coat of arms there is the checked red-white bar of the County of Mark, which owned the area in medieval times. The two wavy lines above and below depict the two rivers which gave the district its name, the Ruhr and the Ennepe.

References

Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis Wikipedia


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