Nisha Rathode

East Flanders

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Country  Belgium
Region  Flemish Region
Governor  Jan Briers
Area  2,991 km2
Capital  Ghent

East Flanders in the past, History of East Flanders
Colleges and Universities  Ghent University, Hogeschool Gent
Destinations  Ghent, Sint-Niklaas, Aalst, Dendermonde, Oudenaarde
Points of interest  St Bavos Cathedral - Ghent, Belfry of Ghent, Gravensteen, Saint Nicholas Church - Ghent, Museum of Fine Arts - Ghent

Map of East Flanders

East Flanders (Dutch: Oost-Vlaanderen [ˌoːst ˈflaːndərə(n)], French: (Province de) Flandre-Orientale, German: Ostflandern) is a province of Flanders, one of the three regions of Belgium. It borders (clockwise from the North) on Zeelandic Flanders (the Netherlands) and (in Belgium) on the provinces of Antwerp, Flemish Brabant (both in Flanders), of Hainaut (Wallonia) and of West Flanders (Flanders). It has an area of 2,991 km² which is divided into six administrative districts (arrondissementen in Dutch) containing 65 municipalities. The provincial population is 1,408,484 and the capital is Ghent.

Contents

East Flanders in the past, History of East Flanders

Gravensteen castle ghent east flanders belgium


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History

East Flanders Beautiful Landscapes of East Flanders

During the short-lived Napoleonic Empire, most of the area of the modern province was part of the Department of Escaut, named after the River Scheldt. Following the defeat of Napoleon, the entity was renamed after its geographical location in the eastern part of historic Flanders; although the province is actually situated in the western portion of Flanders, in the contemporary sense of the word.

East Flanders Beautiful Landscapes of East Flanders

The provincial flag has a black lion with red tongue and claws, on a background of horizontal white and green stripes. This is a recent adaptation; formerly, East Flanders used the Flemish flag, a black lion on a yellow background, as in the current coat of arms. The old flag is still publicly used, e.g. for road signs.

Geography

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The province has several geographic and/or tourist regions:

  • Denderstreek
  • Meetjesland
  • Waasland
  • Flemish Ardennes
  • Important rivers are the Scheldt and the Leie which merge in Ghent. The Dender merges into the Scheldt in the city of Dendermonde.

    Subdivisions

    East Flanders is divided into 6 administrative arrondissements (districts), subdivided into a total of 65 municipalities. In addition, there are 3 judicial and 3 electoral arrondissements.

    Demographics

    The province had a population of 1,445,831 as of 1 January 2011. It had 734,000 inhabitants in 1380 and about a million in 1900.

    The capital and biggest city is Ghent, also the second largest city in the Flemish Region. Other smaller cities are Aalst, Sint-Niklaas and Dendermonde in the east of the province.

    Government

    The provincial council (provincieraad) consists of 72 members which were last elected in the 2012 elections. Previously it consisted of 84 members. The council currently consists of the following political parties:

  • N-VA (Flemish nationalists): 21 members
  • CD&V (Christian democrats): 15 members
  • Open VLD (liberals): 15 members
  • sp.a (social democrats): 9 members
  • Vlaams Belang (far-right nationalists): 6 members
  • Groen (greens): 6 members
  • Six people chosen by and from the council form the daily government, called the deputation (deputatie). The deputation of East Flanders is a coalition of the political parties CD&V, Open Vld and sp.a. The biggest party in the council, N-VA, is not included.

    The daily government is led by the governor, who is appointed by the Flemish Government. André Denys (VLD) has been the governor of East Flanders from 26 November 2004 until 21 January 2013. Jan Briers, who is not member of a political party but was nominated by N-VA, succeeded him on 1 February 2013.

    The province has a yearly budget of approximately 300 million euro.

    Governors

  • 1830: Pierre De Ryckere
  • 1830–1834: Werner de Lamberts-Cortenbach
  • 1834–1836: Charles Vilain XIIII
  • 1837–1843: Louis de Schiervel
  • 1843–1848: Leander Desmaisières
  • 1848–1871: Edouard De Jaegher (lib.)
  • 1871–1879: Emile de T'Serclaes De Wommersom
  • 1879–1885: Léon Verhaeghe de Naeyer (lib.)
  • 1885–1919: Raymond de Kerchove d'Exaerde
  • 1919–1921: Maurice Lippens (lib.)
  • 1921–1929: André de Kerchove de Denterghem (lib.)
  • 1929–1935: Karel Weyler (lib.)
  • 1935–1938: Jules Ingenbleek (lib.)
  • 1938–1939: Louis Frederiq (lib)
  • 1939–1954: Maurice Van den Boogaerde
  • 1954–1963: Albert Mariën (lib.)
  • 1963–1984: Roger de Kinder (BSP)
  • 1984–2004: Herman Balthazar (SP.A)
  • 2004-2013: André Denys (VLD)
  • 2013-present: Jan Briers (none; nominated by N-VA)
  • Timeline:

    References

    East Flanders Wikipedia


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