The rocky undulating topography with laterite soil found in the western part of the district extends to the western part of Durgapur subdivision. For ages the area was heavily forested and infested with plunderers and marauders. The discovery of coal in the 18th century led to industrialisation of the western part of the subdivision. Most of the forests in the western part of the subdivision have been cleared but the eastern part remained thickly forested till more recent times and some are still there. Ramnabagan Wildlife Sanctuary is spread over a part of the forest. The eastern part of the subdivision generally slopes down to the rice plains of Bengal.
Bardhaman district is divided into the following administrative subdivisions:
Durgapur subdivision has a density of population of 1,358 per km2. 18.10% 0f the population of the district resides in this subdivision.
Durgapur subdivision has 8 police stations, 5 community development blocks, 5 panchayat samitis, 36 gram panchayats, 258 mouzas, 236 inhabited villages, 1 municipal corporation and 41 census towns+1 (partly). The single municipal corporation is at Durgapur. The census towns are: Siduli, Khandra, Chak Bankola, Ukhra, Mahira, Dakshin Khanda, Parashkol, Kajora, Harishpur, Palashban, Dignala, Andal (gram), Ondal, Baska, Bilpahari, Ramnagar, Dalurband, Baidyanathpur, Mahal, Konardihi, Nabgram, Sankarpur, Haripur, Chhora, Bahula, Mandarbani, Banagram, Sirsha, Nabaghanapur, Sarpi, Ichhapur, Arra, Gopalpur, Bamunara, Amlajora, Kanksa, Debipur, Prayagpur, Raipur, Sukdal, Bud Bud and Kendra Khottamdi (part). The subdivision has its headquarters at Durgapur.
Police stations in Durgapur subdivision have the following features and jurisdiction:
Community development blocks in Durgapur subdivision are:
The subdivision contains 36 gram panchayats under 5 community development blocks:Durgapur–Faridpur block consists of six gram panchayats, viz. Gaurbazar, Ichhapur, Laudoha, Gogla, Jemua and Pratappur.
Galsi–I block consists of nine gram panchayats, viz. Budbud, Loapur Krishnarampur, Paraj, Uchchagram, Chaktentul, Potna–Pursa, Loa Ramgopalpur, Mankar and Serorai.
Kanksa block consists of seven gram panchayats, viz. Amlajora, Bidbehar, Kanksa, Trilokchandrapur, Bankati, Gopalpur and Molandighi.
Andal block consists of eight gram panchayats, viz. Andal, Kajora, Madanpur, Sreerampur, Dakshinkhanda, Khandara, Ramprasadpur and Ukhra.
Pandabeswar block consists of six gram panchayats, viz. Baidyanathpur, Chhora, Kendra, Behula, Haripur and Nabagram.
Sonpur Bazari open cast project of Eastern Coalfields produced 6.4 million tonnes of coal in 2015-16.Eastern Coalfields has been producing around 30 million tonnes per annum from its open cast mines, it has been modernising its underground mines to produce around 10 million tonnes per annum from its underground mines. A major effort was on at its Jhanjra mines to produce 3 – 3.5 million tonnes per annum.
Durgapur Steel Plant of Steel Authority of India, set up in the fifties, has a rated capacity of 2.2 million tonnes of crude steel, after expansion and modernisation. The plant is consistently performing at beyond its rated capacity.
Bardhaman district had a literacy rate of 76.21% as per the provisional figures of the census of India 2011. Asansol subdivision had a literacy rate of 77.33%, Durgapur subdivision 79.39%, Bardhaman Sadar North subdivision 75.89%, Bardhaman Sadar South subdivision 76.89%, Katwa subdivision 70.40% and Kalna subdivision 75.16%.
Given in the table below (data in numbers) is a comprehensive picture of the education scenario in Bardhaman district for the year 2013-14:
Note: Primary schools include junior basic schools; middle schools, high schools and higher secondary schools include madrasahs; technical schools include junior technical schools, junior government polytechnics, industrial technical institutes, industrial training centres, nursing training institutes etc.; technical and professional colleges include engineering colleges, medical colleges, para-medical institutes, management colleges, teachers training and nursing training colleges, law colleges, art colleges, music colleges etc. Special and non-formal education centres include sishu siksha kendras, madhyamik siksha kendras, centres of Rabindra mukta vidyalaya, recognised Sanskrit tols, institutions for the blind and other handicapped persons, Anganwadi centres, reformatory schools etc.
The following institutions are located in Durgapur subdivision:Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute was established at Durgapur in 1958. It is the apex research and development institute for mechanical engineering under the aegis of Council of Scientific and Industrial Research and is the only national level research institute in this field.
National Institute of Technology was established at Durgapur in 1960. It has been granted Deemed University status.
National Power Training Institute – the eastern reginal centre was established at Durgapur in 1968.
Dr. B.C.Roy Engineering College was established at Durgapur in 2000. It is affiliated with Maulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology.
Bengal College of Engineering and Technology was established at Durgapur in 2001. It is affiliated with Maulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology.
Aryabhatta Institute of Engineering & Management was established at Panagarh in 2003. It is affiliated with Maulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology.
Durgapur Institute of Advanced Technology and Management was established at Rajbandh in 2002. It is affiliated with Maulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology.
Kanad Institute of Engineering and Management was established at Mankar in 2008. It is affiliated with Maulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology.
Durgapur Government College was established at Durgapur in 1970. It is affiliated with Kazi Nazrul University.
Durgapur Women's College was established at Durgapur in 1980. It is affliated with Kazi Nazrul University.
Michael Madhusudan Memorial College at Durgapur was established in 1996. It is affliated with Kazi Nazrul University.
Mankar College at Mankar was established in 1987, It is affliated with Kazi Nazrul University.
Khandra College was established at Khandra in 1981. It is affliated with Kazi Nazrul University.
Pandaveswar College was established at Pandabeswar in 2005. It is affliated with Kazi Nazrul University.
Durgapur College of Commerce and Science was established in 2003 at Rajbandh.
Ayan Arnab Sikshan Sanstha at Ajodhya, Bonkati, Panagarh offers BEd courses, was established in 2014.
Parama B Ed College was established at Kajora in 2013.
Mohananda College, offering B Ed course, was established at Nadiha in 2003.
The table below (all data in numbers) presents an overview of the medical facilities available and patients treated in the hospitals, health centres and sub-centres in 2014 in Bardhaman district.
Lok Sabha (parliamentary) and Vidhan Sabha (state assembly) constituencies in Durgapur subdivision were as follows: