Kalpana Kalpana (Editor)


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Scientific name



Higher classification
Bauhinia 1000 images about Bauhinia flowers on Pinterest Trees Hong kong

Lower classifications
Phanera variegata, Phanera purpurea, Bauhinia × blakeana, Bauhinia forficata, Bauhinia acuminata

Orchid tree bauhinia variegata la costa california

Bauhinia /bˈhɪniə/ is a genus of more than 500 species of flowering plants in the subfamily Caesalpinioideae of the large flowering plant family Fabaceae, with a pantropical distribution. The genus was named after the Bauhin brothers, Swiss-French botanists.


Bauhinia Bauhinia variegata

Many species are widely planted in the tropics as orchid trees, particularly in India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam and southeastern China. Other common names include mountain ebony and kachnar (India and Pakistan). In the United States, the trees grow in Hawaii, coastal California, Texas, Louisiana, and Florida. Bauhinia ×blakeana is the floral emblem of Hong Kong—a stylized orchid tree flower appears on the flag of Hong Kong and Hong Kong Airlines uses 'Bauhinia' as its radio callsign in air traffic communication.

Bauhinia Bauhinia variegata Phanera variegata Orchid tree Purple orchid

Bauhinia variegata orchid tree kachnar


Bauhinia mgonlinecommediaImagesbbauhiniapurpurea02jpg

Bauhinia trees typically reach a height of 6–12 m and their branches spread 3–6 m outwards. The lobed leaves usually are 10–15 cm across.

Bauhinia Bauhinia x blakeana at San Marcos Growers

The five-petaled flowers are 7.5–12.5 cm diameter, generally in shades of red, pink, purple, orange, or yellow, and are often fragrant. The tree begins flowering in late winter and often continues to flower into early summer. Depending on the species, Bauhinia flowers are usually in magenta, mauve, pink or white hues with crimson highlights.


Propagation of Bauhinia species is from seeds or cuttings. They prefer acidic soils and do not tolerate salty conditions. Full sun exposure is preferred but they can be grown under partial sun. Generous watering is needed during summer; moderate moisture required in winter.

Accepted species

Bauhinia includes at least the following species:

Species names with uncertain taxonomic status

The status of the following species is unresolved:


One hybrid is known:

  • Bauhinia ×blakeana S. T. Dunn (Bauhinia variegata × Phanera purpurea)—Hong Kong Orchid Tree
  • Segregate genera

    Species in the genera Barklya, Gigasiphon, Lasiobema, Lysiphyllum, Phanera, Piliostigma, Schnella, and Tylosema are sometimes included in Bauhinia (sensu lato).


    Bauhinia Wikipedia

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