Harman Patil (Editor)

Phanera purpurea

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Covid-19
Kingdom  Plantae
Family  Leguminosae
Scientific name  Bauhinia purpurea
Rank  Species
Order  Fabales
Genus  Phanera
Higher classification  Bauhinia
Phanera purpurea httpssmediacacheak0pinimgcomoriginals90
Similar  Bauhinia, Phanera variegata, Bauhinia acuminata, Millingtonia hortensis, Sacred Tree

Phanera purpurea is a species of flowering plant in the family Fabaceae, native to South China (which includes Hong Kong) and Southeast Asia. Common names include orchid tree, Hong Kong orchid tree, purple bauhinia, camel's foot, butterfly tree, and Hawaiian orchid tree.

Contents

Phanera purpurea Bauhinia purpurea Phanera purpurea Orchid Tree Butterfly Tree

Description

Phanera purpurea

Phanera purpurea is a small to medium-size deciduous tree growing to 17 feet (5.2 m) tall. The leaves are 10–20 centimetres (3.9–7.9 in) long and broad, rounded, and bilobed at the base and apex. The flowers are conspicuous, pink, and fragrant, with five petals. The fruit is a pod 30 centimetres (12 in) long, containing 12 to 16 seeds. Leaves are alternate.

Cultivation

Phanera purpurea Butterfly Tree or Orchid Tree Phanera purpurea Phanera p Flickr

In the United States of America, the tree grows in Hawaii, coastal California, southern Texas, and southwest Florida. Bauhinia blakeana is usually propagated by grafting it onto P. purpurea stems.

Traditional medicine

Phanera purpurea is called Mandarai in Tamil and is used in traditional Tamil medicine in India.

Chemistry

Phanera purpurea ORCHID TREE Phanera purpurea Live Plants amp Seeds

A wide range of chemical compounds have been isolated from Phanera purpurea including 5,6-dihydroxy-7-methoxyflavone 6-O-β-D-xylopyranoside, bis [3',4'-dihydroxy-6-methoxy-7,8-furano-5',6'-mono-methylalloxy]-5-C-5-biflavonyl and (4'-hydroxy-7-methyl 3-C-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl)-5-C-5-(4'-hydroxy-7-methyl-3-C-α-D-glucopyranosyl) bioflavonoid, bibenzyls, dibenzoxepins, mixture of phytol fatty esters, lutein, β-sitosterol, isoquercitin and astragalin.

References

Phanera purpurea Wikipedia


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