| Albert Roussel|
| Theodore Reinach|
| August 23, 1937, Royan, France|
Joueurs de flute, Joueurs de flute, The Spider's Feast, The Spider's Feast, Padmavati, Padmavati, Deux poemes de Ronsard, Deux poemes de Ronsard, Divertissement - op 6, Divertissement - op 6, Suite en fa, Suite en fa, Evocations, Evocations, Le testament de la tante Caroline, Le testament de la tante Caroline, Le Marchand de sable qui passe, Le Marchand de sable qui passe, Psalm 80, Psalm 80, Jazz dans la nuit, Jazz dans la nuit, Petite Suite, Petite Suite, L'eventail de Jeanne, L'eventail de Jeanne, Le bardit des Francs, Le bardit des Francs, Pour une fete de printemps, Pour une fete de printemps, Andante et scherzo pour flute et piano, Andante et scherzo pour flute et piano, Concert pour petit orchestre, Concert pour petit orchestre, Sonatine, Sonatine, Aeneas, Aeneas, Symphonie nº 4 de Roussel, Symphonie nº 4 de Roussel, Rapsodie flamande, Rapsodie flamande, La naissance de la lyre, La naissance de la lyre, Madrigal aux muses, Madrigal aux muses, Sinfonietta - op 52, Sinfonietta - op 52, Odes anacreontiques, Odes anacreontiques, Elpenor, Elpenor, Trio pour flute - alto et violoncelle, Trio pour flute - alto et violoncelle, Concertino pour violoncelle, Concertino pour violoncelle, Andante et Scherzo - op 51, Andante et Scherzo - op 51, Des heures passent, Des heures passent, Trois pieces pour piano, Trois pieces pour piano, Petit canon perpetuel, Petit canon perpetuel, Bacchus et Ariane - op 43 Suite no 2: Prelude Le sommeil d'Ariane, Bacchus et Ariane - op 43 Suite no 2: Prelude Le sommeil d'Ariane, Sonate voor viool en piano, Sonate voor viool en piano, Symphony no 4 in A major - op 53: II Lento molto, Symphony no 4 in A major - op 53: II Lento molto, Rustiques, Rustiques, String Trio - op 58: I Allegro moderato, String Trio - op 58: I Allegro moderato, Bacchus et Ariane - op 43 Suite no 2: Danse d'Ariane et Bacchus, Bacchus et Ariane - op 43 Suite no 2: Danse d'Ariane et Bacchus, Bacchus et Ariane - op 43 Suite no 2: Reveil d'Ariane, Bacchus et Ariane - op 43 Suite no 2: Reveil d'Ariane, 3 Pieces pour piano - op 49: I Allegro con brio, 3 Pieces pour piano - op 49: I Allegro con brio, Bacchus et Ariane - op 43 Suite no 1: Il fait tournoyer au-dessus d'elle son manteau noir, Bacchus et Ariane - op 43 Suite no 1: Il fait tournoyer au-dessus d'elle son manteau noir, Suite in F major - op 33: II Sarabande, Suite in F major - op 33: II Sarabande, Pour une fete de printemps - op 22, Pour une fete de printemps - op 22, Joueurs de flute - op 27: No 1 Pan, Joueurs de flute - op 27: No 1 Pan, Le Marchand de sable qui passe: IV Scene finale, Le Marchand de sable qui passe: IV Scene finale, Le roi Tobol, Le roi Tobol, Violin Sonata no 2 in A major - op 28: II Andante, Violin Sonata no 2 in A major - op 28: II Andante, Symphony no 1 "Le Poeme de la foret": II Renouveau, Symphony no 1 "Le Poeme de la foret": II Renouveau, Elpenor - op 59: I Prelude Lent - Tres anime, Elpenor - op 59: I Prelude Lent - Tres anime, Bacchus et Ariane - op 43 Suite no 2: Le baiser, Bacchus et Ariane - op 43 Suite no 2: Le baiser, String Quartet - op 45: III Allegro vivo, String Quartet - op 45: III Allegro vivo
Stephane Deneve, Darius Milhaud, Arthur Honegger, Francis Poulenc, Vincent d'Indy
Schola Cantorum de Paris
Albert Roussel Wikipedia
Albert Charles Paul Marie Roussel ([albɛːʁ ʁusɛl]; 5 April 1869 – 23 August 1937) was a French composer. He spent seven years as a midshipman, turned to music as an adult, and became one of the most prominent French composers of the interwar period. His early works were strongly influenced by the impressionism of Debussy and Ravel, while he later turned toward neoclassicism.
Born in Tourcoing (Nord), Roussel's earliest interest was not in music but mathematics. He spent time in the French Navy, and in 1889 and 1890 he served on the crew of the frigate Iphigénie and spent several years in Cochinchina. These travels affected him artistically, as many of his musical works would reflect his interest in far-off, exotic places.
After resigning from the Navy in 1894, he began to study harmony in Roubaix, first with Julien Koszul (grandfather of composer Henri Dutilleux), who encouraged him to pursue his formation in Paris with Eugène Gigout, then continued his studies until 1908 at the Schola Cantorum de Paris where one of his teachers was Vincent d'Indy. While studying, he also taught. His students included Erik Satie and Edgard Varèse. See: List of music students by teacher: R to S#Albert Roussel.
During World War I, he served as an ambulance driver on the Western Front. Following the war, he bought a summer house in Normandy and devoted most of his time there to composition.
Starting in 1923, another of Roussel's students was Bohuslav Martinů, who dedicated his Serenade for Chamber Orchestra (1930) to Roussel.
His sixtieth birthday was marked by a series of three concerts of his works in Paris that also included the performance of a collection of piano pieces, Homage à Albert Roussel, written by several composers, including Ibert, Poulenc, and Honegger.
Roussel died in the village (commune) of Royan (Charente-Maritime), in western France, in 1937, and was buried in the churchyard of Saint Valery in Varengeville-sur-Mer, Normandy.
By temperament Roussel was predominantly a classicist. While his early work was strongly influenced by impressionism, he eventually arrived at a personal style which was more formal in design, with a strong rhythmic drive, and with a more distinct affinity for functional tonality than found in the work of his more famous contemporaries Debussy, Ravel, Satie, and Stravinsky.
Roussel's training at the Schola Cantorum, with its emphasis on rigorous academic models such as Palestrina and Bach, left its mark on his mature style, which is characterized by contrapuntal textures. On the whole Roussel's orchestration is rather heavy compared to the subtle and nuanced style of other French composers like Debussy or, indeed, Gabriel Fauré. He preserved something of the romantic aesthetic in his orchestral works, and this sets him apart from Stravinsky and Les Six. However, Roussel's music can hardly be called heavy when compared with the sound of the German romantic orchestral tradition represented by Anton Bruckner and Gustav Mahler.
He was also interested in jazz. This interest led to his writing a piano-vocal composition entitled Jazz dans la nuit, which was similar in its inspiration to other jazz-inspired works such as the second movement of Ravel's Violin Sonata, or Milhaud's La Création du Monde.
Roussel's most important works were the ballets Le festin de l'araignée, Bacchus et Ariane, and Aeneas and the four symphonies, of which the Third in G minor, and the Fourth in A major, are highly regarded and epitomize his mature neoclassical style. His other works include numerous ballets, orchestral suites, a piano concerto, a concertino for cello and orchestra, a psalm setting for chorus and orchestra, incidental music for the theatre, and much chamber music, solo piano music, and songs.
In 1929, one French critic, Henry Prunières, described Roussel's search for his own voice:
Albert Roussel for a long period sought his true self among varied and contradictory influences. He seemed to waver between the tendencies of Cesar Franck and Vincent d'Indy and those of Claude Debussy. The violin sonata, the trio, the Poème de la Forêt derived more or less directly from the Franckian school, the Festin de l'Araignée and the Evocations from Debussyan impressionism; and yet the hand of Albert Roussel alone could have written this music, at once so subtle and so firmly fixed in its design....With Padmâvatî, the new Roussel begins to realize his possibilities and his individual technique....Then came works of perfect homogeneity and notable originality. The composer no longer is seeking his way—he has found it. The Prélude pour une Fête de Printemps, the suite in F, the concerto, and finally the Psalm No. 80 are the masterpieces which mark the last stage of this great artist.
Arturo Toscanini included the suite from the ballet Le festin de l'araignée in one of his broadcast concerts with the NBC Symphony Orchestra. Rene Leibowitz recorded that suite in 1952 with the Paris Philharmonic, and Georges Prêtre recorded it with the Orchestre National de France for EMI in 1984.
One brief assessment of his career says:
Roussel will never attain the popularity of Debussy or Ravel, as his work lacks sensuous appeal....yet he was an important and compelling French composer. Upon repeated listening, his music becomes more and more intriguing because of its subtle rhythmic vitality. He can be alternately brilliant, astringent, tender, biting, dry, and humorous. His splendid Suite for Piano (Op. 14, 1911) shows his mastery of old dance forms. The ballet scores Le Festin de l'araignée (The Spider's Feast Op. 17, 1913) and Bacchus et Ariane (Op. 43, 1931) are vibrant and pictorial, while the Third and Fourth Symphonies are among the finest contributions to the French symphony.
One 21st-century critic, in the course of discussing the Third Symphony, wrote:
For the general public, Roussel remains almost famous, his work just beyond the pool of repertory universally drawn from. His music, said another way, walks the line between the memorable and the impossible to forget. The writing sets unrelated keys against one another but eventually seeks strong tonal centers; in other words, it can bark and growl but in the end wags its tail. The Vivace movement is a carnival of exuberant energies. Roussel was more than just an anti-19th-century dissident.
The association Les Amis belges d'Albert Roussel (Albert Roussel's Belgian friends) was founded in 1979 by André Peeters. In 1986 the association donated a collection of Roussel-linked documents to the Music Division of the Royal Library of Belgium, thus creating the most important collection of archival sources on the composer outside of France. The collection contains many unique documents including a dozen musical manuscripts, autographs, around 250 letters (100 of them unpublished), a travel diary, recordings (including most of the early recordings of his compositions), iconography, a large collection of press clippings, programs and other documents linked to the Roussel's works and life.Le marchand de sable qui passe (The Sandman), incidental music for a verse play by Jean-Aubry, Le Havre, 16 December 1908, Op. 13
Le festin de l'araignée, ballet in one act. f.p. 3 April 1913, Op. 17
Padmâvatî, opera in 2 acts (1913–18, Louis Laloy, after T.-M. Pavie). f.p. Paris Opéra, 1 June 1923, Op. 18
La naissance de la lyre, opera in 1 act, Paris Opéra, 1 July 1925, Op. 24
Sarabande (1927; for the children's ballet L'éventail de Jeanne, to which ten French composers each contributed a dance)
Bacchus and Ariadne (ballet), ballet in two acts. f.p. Paris Opéra, 22 May 1931, Op. 43
Aeneas (ballet), ballet for chorus and orchestra, Op. 54, 1935
Le testament de la tante Caroline, opera in 3 acts, 14 November 1936
Prelude to Act 2 of Le quatorze juillet by Romain Rolland, Paris, 14 July 1936
Elpénor, for chamber ensemble, radio score, 1947, Op. 59 (LAST FINISHED OPUS - 1937)
Résurrection, Prelude for orchestra Op. 4 (1903)
Symphony No. 1 in D minor The Poem of the Forest, Op. 7 (1904-1906)
Evocations for orchestra, Op. 15 (1910–11)
Padmâvatî Suite №№ 1 & 2, Op. 18 (1918)
Pour une fête de printemps, Poème symphonique Op. 22 (1920)
Symphony No. 2 in B-flat major, Op. 23 (1919-1921)
Suite for Orchestra in F major, Op. 33 (1926)
Concert for small orchestra (1926-1927)
Petite Suite, Op. 39 (1929)
Symphony No. 3 in G minor, Op. 42 (1929–30), commissioned by the Boston Symphony for its 50th anniversary
Sinfonietta for String Orchestra, Op. 52 (1934)
Symphony No. 4 in A major, Op. 53 (1934)
Rapsodie flamande, Op. 56 (1936)
Piano Concerto in G major, Op. 36 (1927)
Cello Concertino, Op. 57 (1936)
Psalm 80 for tenor, choir, and orchestra, Op. 37 (1928)
Quatre poèmes, Op. 3 (1903)
Quatre poèmes, Op. 8 (1907)
La ménace, Op. 9 (1907–1908)
Flammes, Op. 10 (1908)
Deux poèmes chinoises, Op. 12 (1908)
Deux mélodies, Op. 19 (1918)
Deux mélodies, Op. 20 (1919)
Deux poèmes de Ronsard, Op. 26 (1924)
Odes anacréontiques, Op. 31 (1926)
Odes anacréontiques, Op. 32 (1926)
Deux poèmes chinoises, Op. 35 (1927)
Jazz dans la nuit, Op. 38 (1928)
A Flower Given to My Daughter (1931)
Deux idylles, Op. 44 (1932)
Deux poèmes chinoises, Op. 47 (1932)
Deux mélodies, Op. 50 (1934)
Deux mélodies, Op. 55 (1935)
Piano Trio in E-flat, Op. 2 (1902, rev. 1927)
Divertissement for piano and wind quintet, Op. 6 (1906)
Violin Sonata No. 1 in D minor, Op. 11 (1907-1908)
Impromptu, for harp, Op. 21 (1919)
Joueurs de flûte, for flute and piano, Op. 27 (1924)
Violin Sonata No. 2 in A major, Op. 28 (1924)
Segovia, for guitar, Op. 29 (1925)
Duo, for bassoon and contrabass, without opus (1925)
Serenade for flute, string trio, and harp, Op. 30 (1925)
Trio, for flute, viola, and cello, Op. 40 (1929)
String Quartet, Op. 45 (1931-1932)
Andante and Scherzo, for flute and piano, Op. 51 (1934)
Pipe, for piccolo & piano, without opus (1934)
String Trio, Op. 58 (1937)
Andante from an unfinished Wind Trio, for oboe, clarinet, and bassoon (1937)
Des heures passent, Op. 1 (1898)
Conte à la poupée (1904)
Rustiques, Op. 5 (1906)
Suite in F-sharp minor, Op. 14 (1910)
Petite canon perpetuel (1913)
Sonatine, Op. 16 (1914)
L'Accueil des Muses [in memoriam Debussy] (1920)
Prelude and Fugue, Op. 46 (1932)
Three Pieces, Op. 49 (1933)
Symphonies 1–4 – Orchestre National de France/Charles Dutoit (Apex - Erato Records)
Symphonies 1–4 and Ariadne et Bacchus – Royal Scottish National Orchestra/Stéphane Denève (Naxos Records)
Symphony No. 3 – New York Philharmonic/Leonard Bernstein (Sony Classical)
Symphony No. 4 – Philharmonia Orchestra/Herbert von Karajan (EMI)
Symphony No. 2, Aeneas, Bacchus, Spider's Feast – ORTF/Jean Martinon (Erato)
Symphonies Nos. 3 & 4 – Paris Conservatoire Orchestra/André Cluytens (Angel Records)
Padmavati (opera) – London Symphony Orchestra/Jean Martinon (BBC)
Padmavati – Marilyn Horne, Nicolai Gedda, Michel Plasson conducting (EMI)
Complete Chamber Music – Members of the Schönberg Quartet, 3 CDs (Brilliant Classics)
Intégrale de l'œuvre pour piano – Désiré N'Kaoua
Les Mélodies – Complete Solo Vocal Works (Marie Devellereau, soprano/Yann Beuron, tenor/Laurent Naouri, baritone/Billy Eidi, piano/Luxembourg Philharmonic Orchestra/cond. Jean-Yves Ossonce)
Trio for Flute, Viola and Cello, Op 40 (Boston Records B-208) Doriot Anthony Dwyer, Flute, Joseph de Pasquale, Viola, Samuel Mayes, Cello