In 1852 Young opened a school with two, then three pupils (Hubert Giles, Caleb Peacock and John Partridge) in the "Peacock Chapel" lent by Mr Peacock in the rear of the (Congregational) Ebenezer Chapel in Ebenezer Place, off the east end of Rundle Street. The two grew to seventeen at years end. and he was advertising for evening classes in Geometry and Arithmetic, apply between 6 and 7pm at Stephens Place, off the west end of Rundle Street. Fees for day students were 10 guineas (₤10/10/-) per annum, (payable quarterly in advance). Facilities were available for boarding. His residence was also located on Stephens Place. By December 1855 the school had 107 students, perhaps close to 200 in 1857, 130 in 1862, 133 in 1868.
Next venue was the Congregational chapel in Freeman Street (now that section of Gawler Place between Pirie and Flinders Streets).
In 1872 new premises were built at Parkside in Young Street, which had been named after the headmaster.
Many of Young's pupils later attained positions of public and professional importance in the province and attested the value of the inspiration he had given. Ex-scholars included Caleb Peacock, William Bickford, Walter Samson, (Herschel) Babbage, Elias Solomon, W. P. Auld and Charles Kingston, premier and federationist. An Old Scholars' Association was formed and when the school closed in 1880 on Young's retirement, he was presented with 336 gold sovereigns and many grateful testimonials to his genial, sympathetic counselling.
He is commemorated by scholarships at the University of Adelaide for research in political economy and for general research.
E.S. Hughes recalled, in a letter to The Advertiser, a tableau of life during his time at the institution.
About that time I was at the late JL Young's - at Young's Lane, as it was then called - Parkside, as a boarder, and with three other strong Churchmen used to attend St Paul's Church, Flinders Street. Dear old Dean Russell, of blessed memory, wished us to be confirmed; and, as our parents agreed, we escaped from lessons two nights a week to attend classes. Consequently we had a good time going home afterwards, on some occasions climbing the posts and 'dousing the glim' as the sailors say, performing other boyish tricks, and arriving very late because of such 'awfully long classes'
(Taken from Geoffrey H. Manning's A Colonial Experience)
From a welter of amateur establishments emerged two institutions, one of which did noble service to two generations, the other the germ of one of the colony's greatest denominational schools today. The first was John Lorenzo Young's Adelaide Educational Institute, which in its peregrinations from a room at the rear of Ebenezer Chapel (now built over by the East End Market), by way of Stephens Place and Gawler Place, to a final home at Young Street, Parkside, educated 1,500 young South Australians many of later distinction – Caleb Peacock, Adelaide's first native-born Mayor, Charles Cameron Kingston, the dominating figure on the colony's political horizon and Joseph Verco, doyen of our medical fraternity. The other institution was the crib in which St Peter's College was created.
John Lorenzo Young (1826–1881) was a Londoner, the son of John Tonkin Young, a builder from Veryan, Cornwall.
He received a non-sectarian education in Europe and England, with emphasis on mathematics and the newly developed sciences of geology, physics and chemistry. He worked in Cornwall on railway and mining construction then left for Adelaide in 1850. on the ship "Panama", arriving on 31 October 1850. He joined the rush to the Victorian goldfields but soon returned.
In 1851 he was appointed second master at the newly opened South Australian High School, under Headmaster Charles Gregory Feinaigle (1817? – 10 March 1880), but the venture failed by the end of the year. The following year Young was persuaded by a group of Congregationalists to open his own school at the rear of the old chapel in Ebenezer Street off Rundle Street East, and soon moved to larger premises in Stephens Place. His brother, Oliver Young, held classes for some time, and acted as headmaster in 1860 while J. L. Young was away on recuperation leave.
In 1861 he built the large two-storey "Young House" in Parkside, which was used both as his private residence and as a student boarding house. He then commissioned architects Wright and Hamilton to design and oversee building of a schoolhouse next door. (Edmund Wright had designed many prominent Adelaide buildings including the Town Hall). In 1871 he was able to relinquish the Freeman Street premises.
John retired in 1880 and closed the school, with the intention of joining his wife and large family who were visiting brother Oliver and his father in Veryan, in Cornwall. On his retirement, a testimonial was held 17 December 1880 by his old scholars, and he was presentated with a purse of sovereigns. His 16-room residence, with schoolhouse and various other houses on Young Street, after several auction attempts in February 1881, was eventually purchased by Alfred Allen Simpson (who coincidently had also purchased the Gawler Place school property). The two Parkside buildings, at 61-71 Young Street, were sold by Alfred A., Fred N. and Violet Laura Simpson to Mr. C. O. A. Lapidge in 1922. "Young House" has since been demolished but the heritage-listed schoolhouse still stands.
He embarked on the steamer John Elder in 1881 to visit England (where his father was still living), his family having preceded him, but died on 26 July 1881 while crossing the Red Sea. He was buried at sea. Martha returned to Adelaide, at first living in Kent Town then settled in Glenelg. She died 6 April 1887 aged 57.
Fred W. Sims, formerly Deputy Registrar of Companies in the Supreme Court, wrote in The Advertiser:
I could tell you quite a lot about John L. Young's school— 'dear old Johnny', as we used to call him ... Mr. Young possessed, among his other fine qualities, the saving grace of humor. It is recorded that his first two pupils were Caleb Peacock and John Partridge. He remarked at the time that, whether be met with success or not as a schoolmaster, he would anyway die "game".
In its first stage of the school's history, Junior (or Third) Class consisted of boys from 7 to 10 years, Science being a chief subject with (although a non-sectarian school) a little religious insight. A small but significant number of students were Orthodox Jews (e.g. Solomon family). No homework was set.
In the Second Class, homework was encouraged and after five hours of schoolwork the more industrious students would voluntarily turn in up to four long essays a week.
In Senior or First Class, subjects covered included political economy, history, .
Other academics at the Institution included:Thomas Boutflower Bennett (1808- 14 September 1894), nicknamed "Tiger", helped run the school, taught English and bookkeeping, later at St. Peter's College. His headstone in Moonta cemetery mentions SPC but not AEI. His son J. W. O. Bennett was killed on the Goyder expedition of 1869.
Thomas Caterer (around 1854) went on to found the notable Norwood Grammar School
John Howard Clark taught occasionally
Rev. F. W. Cox drawing 1864, 1866
C. J. Fox taught junior Latin 1870, then all levels
Henry Greffrath taught French and German from beginning 1852 to mid-1863 then St. Peter's College (overlap?). Left for Jena, Germany in 1864.
Theodore Hack may have been a teacher
Wilton Hack succeeded Charles Hill as drawing teacher 1868 W. Hack also taught drawing at Norwood Grammar and St. Peters College.
A teacher named Harrison, called "Cocky" by students (as was Oliver Young); described as young and pimply, was sacked for drunkenness at a June prizegiving, possibly 1856.
Charles Hill taught drawing
P. T. Hill taught writing and arithmetic NOT drawing
G. R. Irwine (d. 7 October 1871) taught Latin, Greek and English.
Dr Carl Heinrich Loessel (Lössel) taught French, German in 1863, 1864 ( is interesting)
Adolph Emile Marval taught French 1866, also at St Peters College. Mme. Caroline Emma Marval opened a Ladies' College.
F. H. Needham R.N. taught mathematics, Latin 1861
G. Needham (1805 – 19 March 1894) (no relation though both taught Latin – )
Hamilton Charles Palmer (died 19 January 1880)
J. R. P. Parsons
Rev. Canon Poole (Frederic Slaney Poole) taught advanced Latin 1870
H. von Schleinitz taught French, German 1865 to 1873 (also at St Peter's College, Norwood Grammar).
James Shakespeare later a professional organist
Rev. Thomas Smellie (pronounced "smiley") Presbyterian minister arrived Adelaide 1861, registered to grant marriage licences 1862, taught Latin at AEI from 1863 to 1866 and at Leslie's school Alberton 1864. Founded Gawler Academy 1868 returned to Britain 1872
Oliver Young (J. L. Young's brother) taught drawing, ran the school in 1860 during his brother's absence. Oliver, whom the students called "Cocky", though not to his face, suffered from a deformed back. He returned to Cornwall in 1866, and never married.
1852 School opened in Ebenezer Place with two students Caleb Peacock and John Partridge, soon joined by G. T. and T. L. Cottrell, John Waterman and Richard Mahoney.
1853 Moved to "Stephens Place" schoolroom at rear of Freeman Street Congregational chapel
1860 JL Young in poor health, on leave in England. Oliver Young acting head for the year.
1861 J L Young returns, buys 2 acres in Parkside. T. B. Bennett joins staff.
1865 Old Scholars' Association dinner
1866 Oliver Young returns to England
Old Scholars' Association dinner
1867 Congregational Church moves to Stow Hall, AEI takes over Freeman Street chapel.
First Old Scholars' dinner
Old Scholars' AGM
1868 Pupil numbers down to 133.
1869 "The Star" first (and last?) issue.
Old Scholars' dinner
1870 Old Scholars dinner
Old Scholars' annual meeting scheduled for 24 June postponed to following week due to poor attendance.
1871 All teaching now at Young Street, Parkside. T. B. Bennett resigns.
Old Scholars' dinner poor attendance
1872 Old Scholars' dinner 12 attendees
1880 Presentation to Thomas Bennett >30 attendees
1880 School closed
1881 JL Young died
1887 Mrs Young died
1896 funeral of Caleb Peacock
1897 Stephens Place buildings demolished (a beaut reminiscence)
1912 Reunion It was at this reunion that Peter Wood moved that a JLYoung scholarship be established.
1913 Second reunion
1914 Third reunion
1915 Fourth reunion
1916 Fifth reunion
1917 Sixth reunion
1918 Seventh reunion
Function for Eden Herschel Babbage 21 May 1918
1919 Eighth reunion
1920 Ninth reunion
1921 Tenth reunion
Around 1912 a group of old scholars felt it appropriate to establish a memorial for J L Young, and from 1912 held a series of annual reunion dinners to raise funds for the memorial.
A remarkable number of Young's alumni became leading figures in Adelaide's businesses and public service. The following is sourced from Old Scholars reunions and other sources e.g. List of mayors and lord mayors of AdelaideGeorge Agars Mildura and Renmark pioneer
W. P. Auld (Stuart Expedition 1861-1862)
Charles Whitmore Babbage (1842–1923) lapsed banker and Wanganui civic leader, son of Benjamin Herschel Babbage
Eden Herschel Babbage (c. 1844–1924) banker and Roseville, New South Wales civic leader, son of Benjamin Herschel Babbage
Thomas William Babbage (4 October 1859 – 1945) manager of the Glenelg Railway Company, later nurseryman, not closely related
John Barker (businessman) (son of A. E. Barker) chairman of SAJC
George L. Barrow, journalist son of John Henry Barrow
G. T. Bean
J. W. O. Bennett
Edwin S. Berry Second in Charge, Gosse's 1873 expedition to Central Australia; probably the first white man to climb Ayers Rock/Uluru.
Harry Bickford (1843–1927)
John Pepperell Bickford (1851–1921) cousin of Harry and William
William Bickford (1841–1916)
Theodore Bruce (1847–1911) mayor of Adelaide and MLC
Fred Bullock (Mayor of Adelaide 1891-1892)
C. J. Carleton – son of Caroline Carleton died in Northern Territory
W. B. Carr
John Carruthers surveyor with Larry Wells
(Frederick) Arthur Chapman (1864–18 September 1925) managing director Lion Brewing and Malting Company
Edward Cheetham (c. 1838 – 12 May 1866), only son of Rev. Henry Cheetham
Francis Howard Clark (son of John Howard Clark)
M. L. Clark
M(atthew) Symonds Clark (1839?-10 July 1920)
Francis Howard Clark (1859–1945) son of John Howard Clark
John "Jack" Cleland (of SS Gothenburg fame)
Charles Nicholas Collison
J. F. Conigrave (1843–1920), businessman
W(illiam) Moxon Cook (1857–1917), sports writer "Trumpator" of the Register and "Terlinga" with The Australasian.
F. I. Crowder
Augustus E Davies
Edward Nicolle Dewhirst (son of Edward Dewhirst)
George Dodgson, one of the first pioneer births and one of the first pupils. Plumber and painter of Rundle Street. Sounds hardly notable but big news at the time!
D(avid) Walter Duffield (died 24 January 1922)miller and pastoralist son of Hon. Walter Duffield, father of Kenneth Duffield)
John Harvey Finlayson (editor of The Register)
Robert Kettle Finlayson
J. T. Fitch
James Frew, Jr. (Stuart Expedition 1861-1862). Frewville, South Australia was named for his father
John Frew was his twin brother
Gavin F(orrest) Gardner ( – 20 March 1919) was a founder of Adelaide Stock Exchange.
Dr. William Gardner (c. 1846 – 7 April 1897), a noted surgeon These two were sons of Rev. John Gardner.
Alfred Leslie Giles (son of Henry Giles) (died 5 October 1902) cricketer, bank manager, partner in Giles and Smith
Acland Giles (son of William Giles)
Alfred Giles, explorer involved with Overland Telegraph Line, Dr. W. J. Browne's stations Springvale, Delamere, Newcastle Waters
Clement Giles (son of William Giles)
Louis Giles (son of William Giles)
Mortimer Giles (son of William Giles), Registrar-General of Deeds at the Lands Titles Office
W. Gollin (head of the firm of Gollin & Co., Sydney)
William Edward Goode, husband of Mrs. A. K. Goode
William "Willie" Gosse
Dr. Charles Gosse
H. D. Gouge
Harry Robin Guerin
Charles Hack son of John Barton Hack
Dr. R. E. Harrold
J. H. M. Hawkes (manager Fowler's "Lion" factory)
James Symons Hawkes "Geometry Hawkes" civil engineer
A. H. Henning
A. H. Hill
Edward Hodge, son of Rev. Matthew Henry Hodge
Francis Hodge, (do)
Payne Hodge, (do)
J. H. Horwood founder of Horwood Bagshaw Ltd.
E. S. Hughes
F. B. Hughes
W. A. Hughes
H(erbert) P(arbury) Ive (1866–1942), inspector of stock at Gepps Cross abattoirs
Samuel Joshua Jacobs
William Johnstone, S.M. http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/210643170
J. H. B. Jones
James W. Jones (secretary to the Commissioner of Public Works)
Stephen King jr (Stuart Expedition 1861-1862) "Kingsford"
Charles Kingston "Charlie" later the Right Hon. C. C. Kingston
Strickland Gough "Pat" Kingston 1848-3 October 1897 (suicide)
C. J. Langley
G. G. Legoe
Isaac Little (manager Austral Downs station)
Sylvanus James Magarey politician
A. W. Marshall
H. M. Martin
Mortimer Menpes artist
J. M. Moorhouse
Beaumont Arnold Moulden
George Murray (later His Honour Sir George Murray, Chief Justice, Supreme Court of South Australia)
J. S. O'Halloran
Edward Andrew Devonshire Opie associate of George Witherage Cotton and his son
I. W. Partridge (John Partridge? perhaps b. 13 October 1841 )
Caleb Peacock JL Young's first student, commencing August 1852
Henry Furneaux Peacock (25 October 1850 – 6 February 1935) Under-Treasurer of S.A. son of Wiles Peacock, winegrower
W. Herbert Phillipps (later Sir Herbert Phillipps)
J. R. Reid
James P. Roberts (land agent)
Robert Robertson (owner Chowilla Station)
William Robertson brother of Robert
Rev. James de Quetteville Robin
Roland B. Robin
W. Sandover, Jnr (Perth, W.A.) son of William Sandover
Francis George Scammell (1861–1927) "In 1891/92, Mr F.G. Scammell, a solicitor ... "
Luther Robert Scammell (1858–1940) of F. H. Faulding & Co)
R. H. Scholl
L. H. Sholl (Under-Secretary)
F. W. Sims
G. H. Sims
Spencer J. Skipper wrote and drew as "Hugh Kalyptus"
H. W. Smith? H. M. Smith?
J. N. T. Smith
R. W. Smith (Commissioner of Taxes)
Quinton Stow Smith
Benjamin Solomon (1844–1922)
Elias Solomon MLA, MHR (1839–1909)
Emanuel Solomon (1855–1938)
Judah Moss Solomon (1846–1911)
Samuel Solomon (1848 – )
Saul Solomon (1848–1909), the businessman not the photographer/MP
Vaiben Louis Solomon MLA, MHR (1853-1908)
R. K. Thomas
Charles Tucker (mayor) & M.P.
Joseph Cooke Verco (Dr. J. C. Verco, later Sir Joseph Verco)
W. H. Wadey
Arthur Wellington Ware (1861 – 29 January 1927) mayor of Adelaide
Dr. Edward Willis Way brother of Sir Samuel Way
Alfred K. Whitby "Dot"
Frank Whitby of Mt. Remarkable
H. White (son of George White owner of Assembly rooms) with brother R. B. White (leader of Philharmonic Society) drowned in Gulf St Vincent boating accident July 1872
Albert Onslow Whitington secretary of SAJC
George Falkland Whitington (1842–1883), solicitor, brother of A. O. Whitington
Peter Whitington (1845 – ), another brother and noted public servant
William Oswald Whitridge (son of W. W. R. Whitridge) a noted cricketer.
Alfred Edgar Wigg (second son of Edgar S Wigg)
Edward Neale Wigg (oldest son of E. S. Wigg)
H. H. Wigg
Sidney Wilcox (of Wilcox Mofflin & Co.) – Possibly Sidney George Wilcox (b. 25 Aug 1866)?
C. W. Wren (General Manager, E.S.& A. Bank)
G. S. Wright (Inspector General of the State Bank)
Thomas Young jun. mayor of Port Augusta, son of Thomas Young MHA (not related to J. L. Young)
"and hundreds of others scattered throughout the land".
(Somewhere it says he educated 1,500 young men – in 28 years, that's about 100 per annum (estimated mean 2 years per student), @ 10 guineas per annum.)
(First A.G.M.) held 15 Dec 1863 at Mr. J. L. Young's school room, Stephens-place; Mr. E. Cheetham occupied the chair. Satisfactory reports were received with reference to the success of the association. Annual prize awarded to Edward Neale Wigg. Elected: C. Peacock, President; M. L. Clark, Treasurer; Joseph Coulls, Secretary; and E. Cheetham, Walter Samson, Wm. Bickford, A. K. Whitby, and G. Cottrell.
J. L. Young held twice-yearly public demonstrations, mostly held in White's Rooms, which showcased the boys' accomplishments to parents and the public. A report was published as news in the newspapers immediately after, and always in glowing terms, the copy being provided by the school. Any flaws in the operation of the school and the training of eager young minds were only hinted at in retrospect – by pronouncements on the great strides made in the current year.
There were so many other schools that copied his example that the newspapers soon recognised these reports for what they were – advertisements – and charged by the column-inch. No longer were the speeches by the headmaster and the visiting dignitary quoted verbatim and, sadly for the historian, the only students named were the recipients of prizes.
The school fielded a (soccer) football team and two cricket teams.
The first school Sports Day was held in November 1874. Prizes included silver pencil cases and gold shirt studs.
This list is by no means exhaustive. Many schools changed location, identity and management. And there were many women of culture and attainment, particularly widows (such as Caroline Carleton), who subsisted on their earnings as tutors.Adelaide Collegiate School in North Adelaide, run by Thomas Field. Incorporated into Queen's School 1892.
Adelaide Model School (Alexander Clark) not strictly private school, run by Council of Education
Albert House Academy – see Haire's Academy
Alix House Academy, 100 South Terrace run by Eliza Hill (died October 1918), wife of Charles Hill, artist (died September 1915)
Mrs. Bell's school
Billiatt's Grammar School at St. Leonards, Glenelg
Bowden Day Schools (Methodist?) (Mr & Mrs Lawton)
Brougham School, Gilles Street ca. 1869 (Thomas Stevens Burgan, died 3 July 1858, succeeded by son Thomas Burgan, also at Fellenberg Commercial School)
School run by W. A. Cawthorne on what was later Page Street, Adelaide, became Victoria Square Academy.
Christ Church School run by James Bath, later Secretary to the Central Board of Education
Church of England Collegiate School see St. Peter's Collegiate School
Classical Academy run by T. Q. Stow
Classical and Commercial School for Young Gentlemen run J. McGowan, Grenfell-street, near Gawler-place
Classical and English School run by the Rev. Ralph Drummond on Angas Street
Collegiate and Commercial Institute, Victoria Square 1860 see Haire's academy
Commercial School, Port Adelaide (Henry Nootnagel) later language master St Peter's College, later Prince Alfred College.
Commercial School run by Mr. Hutchins in Hindley Street
Mr Dollison's school, Port Adelaide.
Fellenberg Commercial School, Hindmarsh Square run by John Martin (c. 1814 – 9 July 1876) schoolmaster previously at Pulteney Street
German School, Freeman St (von Schleinitz, then Hansen) 1851-52
German School, Wakefield Street, run by Theodor Niehuus and Adolph Leschen.
Glenelg Educational Institution (M. Mitchell)
Glenelg Grammar (1868) Frederick Isaac Caterer (c. 1840 – c. 24 August 1892)
Gouger Street Academy, James Hosking (c. 1822–1888)
Grote Street Model School (coeducational – many female students prominent in Adelaide University examinations 1878)
Haire's Academy, Albert House, Victoria Square then Collegiate Institute, Whitmore House, Whitmore Square between Gilbert Street and South Terrace. (Francis Haire, died insolvent? ca. 1875)
Hill House School (E. W. Wickes, later G. W. Moore)
School run by Miss Hillier (later Mrs Taylor) North Terrace.
Mrs. Hillier's school, Brighton (Mr. John Hillier was on Register staff)
Mr Howard's Academy
Infant School, run by Mrs. Gawler in Morphett Street
James Jolly (died 3 November 1881)'s school in Waymouth Street (he later ran the Board of Education school at Encounter Bay then Port Elliot)
Mr King's Academy, Port Adelaide
St Leonards Grammar, Glenelg (W. K. Smart)
Mr Leslie's School
Mr McLaughlin's Public School, Port Adelaide
Maesbury House School, Kensington, conducted by Septimus Webster c. 1857
Martin's Grammar School, Port Adelaide, conducted by Allen Martin (12 August 1844 – 13 July 1924) 1870–1876 then as a State school 1877–1900.
Miss Martin's School. Founded by Annie Montgomerie Martin. Second headmistress was Caroline Clark
North Adelaide Educational Institution (aka Nesbit & Drews')(1869- ) http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article41394776
North Adelaide Grammar (John Whinham) (1804?-13 March 1886) and son Robert (died 24 October 1884) later called Whinham College.
Norwood Grammar School (Thomas Caterer) 1861 became South Australian Commercial College 1881
Port Adelaide Grammar (A. Martin)
Mr Potter's School
Prince Alfred College (J. A. Hartley)
Princes street School (T. Cater?) (founded by James Cater, taken over by Department the following year)
Pulteney Street School (1848) (W. Moore) became Pulteney Grammar
Pulteney Street Central Schools (coeducational) 1847 (same as above?)
Queen's School, later Queen's College, 149 Barton Tce, North Adelaide (1892–1949) was founded by J.H. Lindon and E.L. Heinemann, both ex-St. Peter's College, taking over the building (and the bulk of the students) of Thomas Field's Adelaide Collegiate School.
Queenstown Commercial School
Miss Roland's school on Tavistock Street
Rundle Street Grammar (R.C. Mitton and W.J. Anderson) in Stephens Place from 1866 to 1872
St. Peter's Collegiate School (previously Church of England Collegiate School)
Semaphore Collegiate School
Mr. Shepherdson's school in the Parklands, later kept by Mr Oldham for the South Australian School Society of London
Tranmere School, run by David Wylie brother-in-law of William Scott MHR
Union College (religious training)
Victoria Square Academy – W. A. Cawthorne's school on west of the Square.
Way College – a Bible Christian college on Park Terrace, North Unley, named for Rev. James Way. W. G. Torr principal
Wesleyan Day School, run by Mr. La Vence, in Franklin Street Wesleyan Chapel.
Whinham College – see North Adelaide College
Wickes and Titherington opened a school at Jeffcott Street 1847
Mrs. Woodcocks Christ Church school room
Young Ladies' Seminary, run by Mrs. Yates at Tavistock Buildings on Rundle Street
Young Ladies' School, run by Mrs. McGowan on Grenfell Street
Young Ladies' Seminary, run by Miss Williams on North Terrace
Young Ladies' Seminary, run by Mrs. Quick on Stephens Place
Young Ladies' Seminary, by Mrs. Chatfield on Cragie Place (off Gouger Street near Victoria Square)