Harman Patil (Editor)

1900 in literature

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1900 in literature

This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1900.

Contents

Events

  • May
  • Rainer Maria Rilke makes his second visit to Russia in the company of Lou Andreas-Salomé and her husband.
  • Release of the first film to feature the detective character Sherlock Holmes, Sherlock Holmes Baffled, by the American Mutoscope and Biograph Company.
  • May 17 – L. Frank Baum's The Wonderful Wizard of Oz is published in Chicago, the first of Baum's Oz books chronicling the fictional Land of Oz for children.
  • June 24 – During the Boxer Rebellion, the Hanlin Academy in Peking, housing "the oldest and richest library in the world", catches fire and is destroyed.
  • June 25 – Taoist monk Wang Yuanlu discovers the Dunhuang manuscripts in the "Library Cave" or "Cave for Preserving Scriptures", no. 17 of the Mogao Caves in north-west China, where they have been sealed since the early 11th century.
  • July 1 – Net Book Agreement comes into force in the U.K: publishers will supply booksellers only on condition that they will not retail books at a discounted rate.
  • November 19 – August Strindberg's To Damascus (Till Damaskus, first two parts) receives its première at the Royal Dramatic Theatre in Stockholm with August Palme and Harriet Bosse, Strindberg's future wife, in the leading rôles.
  • Ermete Novelli establishes the "Casa di Goldoni", a new theatre, at Rome, in imitation of the Comédie Française.
  • Release of the first film version of Hamlet, an adaptation of the duel scene, with French actress Sarah Bernhardt playing the title rôle (sic.)
  • Fiction

  • Pío Baroja – The House of Aizgorri (Spanish: La casa de Aizgorri, first of trilogy The Basque Country (La Tierra Vasca), 1900–1909)
  • Mary Elizabeth Braddon – The Infidel
  • Ernest Bramah – The Wallet of Kai Lung
  • Gelett Burgess – Goops, and How to Be Them (1st in the Goops series)
  • Colette – Claudine at School (Claudine à l'école)
  • Joseph Conrad – Lord Jim
  • Marie Corelli – The Master Christian
  • Louis Couperus
  • Langs lijnen van geleidelijkheid
  • De stille kracht (The Hidden Force)
  • Stephen Crane – Whilomville Stories
  • Gabriele D'Annunzio – The Flame of Life (Il Fuoco)
  • Theodore Dreiser – Sister Carrie
  • Robert Grant – Unleavened Bread
  • Maurice Hewlett – The Life and Death of Richard Yea-and-Nay
  • Jerome K. Jerome – Three Men on the Bummel
  • Dmitry Merezhkovsky – The Romance of Leonardo da Vinci (Russian: Воскресшие боги. Леонардо да Винчи, literally "Resurrected Gods: Leonardo da Vinci")
  • Octave Mirbeau – The Diary of a Chambermaid (Le Journal d'une femme de chambre)
  • Bradford C. Peck – The World a Department Store
  • I. L. Peretz – "Oyb Nisht Nokh Hekher" ("If not Higher"; short story)
  • Henryk Sienkiewicz – The Teutonic Knights (Krzyżacy)
  • Flora Annie Steel
  • The Hosts of the Lord
  • Voices in the Night
  • Booth Tarkington – Monsieur Beaucaire
  • Frederik van Eeden – Van de koele meren des doods
  • Jules Verne
  • The Will of an Eccentric
  • The Castaways of the Flag
  • Mary Augusta Ward – Eleanor
  • H. G. Wells – Love and Mr Lewisham
  • Mary E. Wilkins Freeman – The Heart's Highway
  • Children and young adults

  • L. Frank Baum
  • A New Wonderland
  • The Wonderful Wizard of Oz
  • Harriet Theresa Comstock – Molly, the Drummer Boy
  • Andrew Lang – The Grey Fairy Book
  • Emilio Salgari – The Tigers of Mompracem (Le Tigri di Mompracem)
  • Drama

  • David Belasco – Madame Butterfly
  • José Echegaray – El loco Dios (The Madman Divine)
  • Clyde Fitch – Captain Jinks of the Horse Marines
  • Herman Heijermans – Op Hoop van Zegen
  • James Herne – Sag Harbor
  • Haralamb Lecca – Quarta. Jucătoriĭ de cărțĭ
  • George Moore – The Bending of the Bough: a comedy in five acts
  • George Bernard Shaw – Captain Brassbound's Conversion
  • Arthur Schnitzler – La Ronde (German: Reigen; privately printed)
  • August Strindberg
  • The Dance of Death (Dödsdansen)
  • Easter (Påsk)
  • Hermann Sudermann – Fires of St. John
  • Poetry

  • Oxford Book of English Verse 1250–1900 (edited by Arthur Quiller-Couch)
  • G. K. Chesterton – The Wild Knight and Other Poems
  • Sir Walter Scott, Bart. (posthumously edited by Andrew Lang) – The Poems and Ballads
  • Ismail Hossain Shiraji – Anal Prabaha
  • Non-fiction

  • William "Cocktail" Boothby – The World's Drinks And How To Mix Them
  • Winston Churchill
  • Ian Hamilton's March
  • London to Ladysmith via Pretoria
  • Arthur Conan Doyle – The Great Boer War
  • Sigmund Freud – The Interpretation of Dreams
  • Nicolae Iorga
  • Opinions sincères
  • Opinions pérnicieuses d'un mauvais patriote
  • Gertrude Jekyll – Home and Garden
  • Andrew Lang
  • A History of Scotland, vol. 1
  • Prince Charles Edward
  • Guide Michelin (1st issue)
  • Joaquim Nabuco – My Formation (Minha formação)
  • The Nuttall Encyclopaedia (editor James Wood)
  • Samuel Marinus Zwemer – Arabia: The Cradle of Islam
  • Births

  • January 9 – Emmanuel D'Astier, French journalist (died 1969 in literature)
  • January 15 – William Heinesen, Faroese writer (died 1991 in literature)
  • January 31 – Clare Hoskyns-Abrahall, English biographer and children's writer (died 1990 in literature)
  • February 4 – Jacques Prévert, French poet (died 1977)
  • February 19 – Giorgos Seferis, Greek poet (died 1971)
  • February 22 – Seán Ó Faoláin, Irish short story writer (died 1991)
  • March 7 – Benn Levy, English playwright and politician (died 1973)
  • March 15 – Gilberto Freyre, Brazilian author (died 1987)
  • April 19 – Richard Hughes, English novelist (died 1976)
  • April 20 – Constantin S. Nicolăescu-Plopșor, Romanian anthropologist, ethnographer and children's writer (died 1968)
  • April 22 – Vyvyan Adams (Watchman), English writer and politician (died 1951)
  • April 24 – Elizabeth Goudge, English novelist and children's author (died 1984)
  • May 1 – Ignazio Silone, Italian author and politician (died 1978)
  • May 6 – Garrett Mattingly, American historian (died 1962)
  • May 24 – Eduardo De Filippo, Italian author (died 1984)
  • May 28 – Nan Chauncy, English-born Australian children's writer (died 1970)
  • June 11 – Leopoldo Marechal, Argentine writer (died 1970)
  • June 25 – Gerald Drayson Adams, English screenwriter (died 1988)
  • June 29 – Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, French novelist (died 1944)
  • July 2 – Tyrone Guthrie, English theatrical director (died 1971)
  • July 18 – Nathalie Sarraute, Russian-born Francophone lawyer and writer (died 1999)
  • July 24 – Zelda Fitzgerald, American author (died 1948)
  • August 10 – Charles Shaw, Australian writer (died 1955)
  • September 7 – Taylor Caldwell, Anglo-American novelist (died 1985)
  • September 9 – James Hilton, English novelist (died 1954)
  • October 16 – Edward Ardizzone, English children's writer and illustrator (died 1979)
  • October 30 – Xia Yan (夏衍), Chinese playwright and screenwriter (died 1995)
  • November 8 – Margaret Mitchell, American novelist (died 1949)
  • November 19 – Anna Seghers, German writer (died 1983)
  • December 8 – Ants Oras, Estonian writer (died 1982)
  • December 16 – V. S. Pritchett, English short story writer (died 1997)
  • Deaths

  • January 19 – William Larminie, Irish poet and folklorist (born 1849)
  • January 20 – Richard Doddridge Blackmore, English novelist (born 1825)
  • January 25 – Frederick H. Chapin, American author and explorer (born 1852)
  • January 29 – John Ruskin, English art critic, social thinker and poet (born 1819)
  • February 6 – Elijah Benamozegh, Italian spiritual writer and rabbi (born 1822)
  • February 14 – Giovanni Canestrini, Italian scientist, essayist and translator (born 1835)
  • February 18 – Eugenio Beltrami, Italian mathematician and theorist (born 1835)
  • February 23 – Ernest Dowson, English poet and novelist (born 1867)
  • March 11 – Joseph Louis François Bertrand, French mathematics writer (born 1822)
  • March 30 – David Léon Cahun, French Orientalist and writer (born 1841)
  • April 12 – James Richard Cocke, American author and hypnotherapist (born 1863)
  • April 21 – Charles Beecher, American composer, minister and writer (born 1815)
  • April 23 – Charles Isaac Elton, English historian, politician and writer (born 1839)
  • April 27 – Francišak Bahuševič, Belarusian poet, writer and lawyer (born 1840)
  • April 30 – George Campbell, 8th Duke of Argyll, Scottish politician and writer (born 1823)
  • May 4 – Hugo Badalić, Croatian writer and scholar (born 1851)
  • May 20 – André Léo, French novelist and journalist (born 1824)
  • May 28 – Sir George Grove, English writer and lexicographer on music (born 1820)
  • June 2 – Clarence Cook, American author and art critic (born 1828)
  • June 3 – Mary Kingsley, English travel writer and explorer (born 1862)
  • June 4 – Edwards Amasa Park, American theologian, pastor and writer (born 1808)
  • June 5 – Stephen Crane, American writer, journalist and poet (born 1871)
  • June 19 – Salvador Camacho, Colombian economist, politician and writer (born 1827)
  • July 3 – Fernand Brouez, Belgian editor and founder of La Société Nouvelle (born 1861)
  • July 22 – Lucius E. Chittenden, American writer and politician (born 1824)
  • July 29 – Henry Spencer Ashbee, English writer and bibliographer (born 1834)
  • August 2 – Sydney Robert Bellingham, Irish-Canadian journalist and politician (born 1808)
  • August 16 – José Maria de Eça de Queiroz, Portuguese novelist (born 1845)
  • August 25 – Friedrich Nietzsche, German philosopher and philologist (born 1844)
  • August 28 – Henry Sidgwick, English philosopher (born 1838
  • September 18 – Anne Beale, Welsh novelist and poet (born 1816
  • September 29 – Samuel Fenton Cary, American author and prohibitionist (born 1814)
  • October 13 – Louis Adolphe Cochery, French journalist and politician (born 1819)
  • October 27 – James Henry Bowker, South African naturalist (born 1822)
  • November 12 – Thomas Arnold the Younger, English literary scholar (born 1823)
  • November 16 – Isidore Barthe, French-Canadian journalist and translator (born 1834)
  • November 27 – David Carnegie, Australian travel writer (born 1871)
  • November 30 – Oscar Wilde, Irish poet, dramatist and short story writer (born 1854)
  • December 15 – Charles Cotesworth Beaman, American lawyer and author (born 1840)
  • December 30 – Henry Ames Blood, American poet, dramatist and historian (born 1836)
  • December 31 – Oscar Alin, Swedish historian, politician and author (born 1846)
  • Unknown dates
  • Berdakh, Uzbek poet (born 1827)
  • Gustav Jacob Born, German medical author and histologist (born 1851)
  • References

    1900 in literature Wikipedia


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