|Covid-19|February 11 — The Atchison and Topeka Railroad Company, forerunner of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway, is chartered in Kansas.
February 13 — Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad completes construction of its line across Missouri to connect its namesake cities.
March 3 — Construction begins on the first railway in northern India as tracks are laid between the present day locations of Allahabad and Kanpur.
March 15 – While under lease to Bristol and Exeter Railway, the Somerset Central Railway is extended to Wells.
May 2 — Isambard Kingdom Brunel's Royal Albert Bridge at Saltash in Cornwall, England, opened by Prince Albert.
May 4 — Cornwall Railway opened across the Royal Albert Bridge linking the counties of Devon and Cornwall in England.
June 2 — The organization that is to become the Chicago and North Western Railway purchases the assets of the bankrupt Chicago, St. Paul and Fond du Lac Railroad.
June 7 — The Chicago and North Western Railway is chartered.
August — Samuel Marsh succeeds Charles Moran as president of the Erie Railroad.
September 1 — The first Pullman sleeping car leaves Bloomington, Illinois, on an overnight trip to Chicago; first Pullman conductor is Jonathan L. Barnes.
September 12 - At a meeting of the Drammen chairmanship in Norway, construction of a railway line to connect Drammen and Randsfjorden, now known as the Randsfjorden Line, is selected over the option for a channel.
December 27 — Grand Trunk Railway completes construction of the rail line from Toronto to Sarnia, Ontario, and begins a train ferry connection across the St. Clair River at Fort Gratiot.
Compañía de los Caminos de Hierro del Norte de España of Spain introduces its standard 0-6-0 goods locomotives, almost all of which will be in service for more than a century.
January 11 — Charles Bowen-Cooke, Chief Mechanical Engineer of the London and North Western Railway 1909–1920 (d. 1920).
April 3 – Darius Miller, president of Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad 1910-1914, is born (d. 1914).
April 11 — Stuart R. Knott, president of Kansas City Southern Railway 1900–1905 (d. 1943).
July 21 — Hugo Lentz, Austrian inventor of a valve gear for steam engines (d. 1944).
November 13 — Georg Knorr, inventor of the Knorr brake, is born (d. 1911).
December 3 — Vincent Raven, chief mechanical engineer of the North Eastern Railway from 1910 to 1922 (d. 1934).
September 15 — Isambard Kingdom Brunel, civil engineer of the Great Western Railway, dies (b. 1806).
October 12 — Robert Stephenson, English railway civil engineer and steam locomotive builder (b. 1803).
1859 in rail transport Wikipedia
This article lists events related to rail transport that occurred in 1859.