Kalpana Kalpana (Editor)

1521

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1521


Year 1521 (MDXXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Contents

January–June

  • January 3 – Pope Leo X excommunicates Martin Luther in the papal bull Decet Romanum Pontificem.
  • January 22 – Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, opens the Diet of Worms in Worms, Germany.
  • January 27 – Suleiman the Magnificent suppresses a revolt by the ruler of Damascus.
  • January 28 – The Diet of Worms begins, lasting until May 25.
  • February 2 – The Nydala Abbey Bloodbath take place in Nydala Abbey in Sweden.
  • March 6
  • Ferdinand Magellan discovers Guam.
  • Martin Luther is summoned to appear before the Diet of Worms.
  • March 16 – Ferdinand Magellan reaches the Philippines. Starting this year, the Philippines is now one day behind its Asian neighbors.
  • April 7
  • Ferdinand Magellan arrives at Cebu.
  • Martin Luther preaches an inflammatory sermon to students at Erfurt while on his way to Worms.
  • April 16–18 – Martin Luther is examined before Emperor Charles V and the Diet of Worms.
  • April 24 – Revolt of the Comuneros – Battle of Villalar: Castilian royalists defeat the rebels and execute their three leaders.
  • April 26 – Martin Luther leaves Worms and disappears for a year – he is rumored to be murdered, but is actually in hiding at the Wartburg castle.
  • April 27 – Ferdinand Magellan is killed in the Philippines, in the Battle of Mactan.
  • May – Italian War of 1521–26 breaks out between Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, and Francis I of France.
  • May 17 – Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham, is executed for treason in London.
  • May 20 – Battle of Pampeluna: The French defeat the Spanish.
  • May 25 – The Diet of Worms ends when Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor issues the Edict of Worms, declaring Martin Luther an outlaw.
  • May 27 – Jiajing Emperor ascends the throne of the Ming dynasty.
  • June 29 or 30 – The oldest surviving dateable document written primarily in the Romanian language: Neacșu's letter, written by a trader from Câmpulung, to Johannes Benkner, the mayor of Brașov, warning that the Ottoman Empire is preparing its troops to cross into Wallachia and Transylvania; the script used is Romanian Cyrillic.
  • June 30 – Battle of Esquiroz: French forces under Henri d'Albret, exiled King of Navarre, are defeated by the Spanish and forced to abandon their attempt to recover Henri's kingdom.
  • July–December

  • July – Pfaffensturm: Student rebellion against priests in Erfurt.
  • August 8 – Fall of Tenochtitlan: Hernán Cortés and allied local indigenous peoples of the Americas defeat the Aztec forces of Cuauhtémoc, the last Tlatoani (Aztec Emperor), at Tenochtitlan in the Valley of Mexico.
  • August 13 – Fall of Tenochtitlan: Cuauhtémoc surrenders to Cortés, thus incorporating the Aztec Empire into the Spanish Empire.
  • August 23 – Christian II of Denmark is deposed as king of Sweden and Gustav Vasa is elected new Swedish regent.
  • August 29 – Belgrade is captured by the Ottoman army of Suleiman the Magnificent.
  • November 23 – Spanish–German–Papal forces under Prospero Colonna force French Marshal Odet de Lautrec to abandon Milan.
  • Date unknown

  • Jacopo Berengario da Carpi publishes Commentaria cum amplissimus additionibus super anatomiam Mundini in Bologna, including observation of the vermiform appendix.
  • San Juan Bautista is founded in the archipelago of Puerto Rico.
  • The principality of Ryazan is annexed by the Grand Duchy of Moscow.
  • Births

  • March 21 – Maurice, Elector of Saxony (d. 1553)
  • April 5 – Francesco Laparelli, Italian architect (d. 1570)
  • April 14 – Johann Marbach, German theologian (d. 1581)
  • April 18 – François de Coligny d'Andelot, French general (d. 1569)
  • May 8 – Petrus Canisius, Dutch Jesuit (d. 1597)
  • May 10 – John Ernest, Duke of Saxe-Coburg, (d. 1553)
  • June 18 – Maria of Portugal, Duchess of Viseu, daughter of King Manuel I (d. 1577)
  • June 21 – John II, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Haderslev (d. 1580)
  • August 4 – Pope Urban VII (d. 1590)
  • August 19 – Lodovico Guicciardini, Italian historian (d. 1589)
  • October 1 – Frederick Magnus I, Count of Solms-Laubach, (d. 1561)
  • October 9 – Ottavio Farnese, Duke of Parma (d. 1586)
  • November 22 – Edmund Sheffield, 1st Baron Sheffield, English Baron (d. 1549)
  • November 29 – Marcantonio Maffei, Archbishop and Cardinal (d. 1583)
  • December 1 – Takeda Shingen, Japanese warlord (d. 1573)
  • December 13 – Pope Sixtus V (d. 1590)
  • date unknown
  • Anne Askew, English Protestant martyr (d. 1546)
  • John Aylmer, English divine (d. 1594)
  • Thomas Chaloner, English statesman and poet (d. 1565)
  • Philippe de Monte, Flemish composer (d. 1603)
  • Thomas Wyatt the Younger, English rebel (d. 1554)
  • possible
  • Catherine Howard, Fifth Queen of Henry VIII of England, (born in between 1518 and 1524; d. 1542)
  • Deaths

  • April 20 – Zhengde Emperor of China (b. 1491)
  • April 25 – Juan López de Padilla, Juan Bravo and Francisco Maldonado, executed Spanish rebels
  • April 27 – Ferdinand Magellan, Portuguese explorer (b. 1480)
  • May 10 – Sebastian Brant, German humanist and satirist (b. 1457)
  • May 17 – Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham (executed) (b. 1478)
  • June 15 – Tamás Bakócz, Hungarian Catholic cardinal and statesman (b. 1442)
  • June 21 – Leonardo Loredan, Doge of Venice (b. 1436)
  • July 24 – Juan Ponce de León, Spanish conquistador (b. 1460)
  • August 27 – Josquin des Prez, Flemish composer (b. c. 1450)
  • October 22 – Edward Poynings, Lord Deputy to King Henry VII of England (b. 1459)
  • December 1 – Pope Leo X (b. 1475)
  • December 13 – King Manuel I of Portugal (b. 1469)
  • 1521 in art
  • References

    1521 Wikipedia


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