Suvarna Garge (Editor)

114th United States Congress

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Senate President  Joe Biden (D)
Senate Majority:  Republican
Senate Pres. pro tem:  Orrin Hatch (R)
House Majority:  Republican
114th United States Congress

House Speaker:  John Boehner (R) (until October 29, 2015) Paul Ryan (R) (from October 29, 2015)
Members:  100 Senators 435 Representatives 6 Non-voting members

The One Hundred-Fourteenth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 2015, to January 3, 2017, during the final two full years of Barack Obama's presidency. The 2014 elections gave the Republicans control of the Senate (and control of both houses of Congress) for the first time since the 109th Congress. With 247 seats in the House of Representatives and 54 seats in the Senate, this Congress began with the largest Republican majority since the 71st Congress of 1929–1931.


Major events

  • January 6, 2015: Incumbent Speaker of the House John Boehner was re-elected despite the defections of 25 members from his own Republican caucus, twice the number from the previous Congress.
  • January 20, 2015: 2015 State of the Union Address
  • March 3, 2015: Prime Minister of Israel Benjamin Netanyahu addressed a joint session of Congress regarding sanctions against Iran. Netanyahu was invited by Speaker John Boehner without consulting President Obama.
  • March 9, 2015: U.S. Senator Tom Cotton wrote and sent a letter to the leadership of the Islamic Republic of Iran, signed by 47 of the Senate's 54 Republicans, attempting to cast doubt on the Obama administration's authority to engage in nuclear-proliferation negotiations with Iran.
  • March 25, 2015: Afghanistan President Ashraf Ghani addressed a joint session of Congress.
  • April 29, 2015: Japanese Prime Minister Shinzō Abe addressed a joint session of Congress, becoming the first Japanese leader to do so.
  • September 24, 2015: Pope Francis addressed a joint session of Congress, becoming the first Pope to do so.
  • September 25, 2015: House Speaker John Boehner announced that he would resign as Speaker and from the House at the end of October 2015. Subsequently, Majority Leader Kevin McCarthy, the presumptive favorite to succeed John Boehner, unexpectedly withdrew his candidacy for the job.
  • October 29, 2015: Paul Ryan was elected to succeed John Boehner as Speaker of the House with 236 votes (54.3%) of the House in favor. He is the youngest Speaker since James G. Blaine in 1875.
  • January 12, 2016: 2016 State of the Union Address
  • June 8, 2016: Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi addressed a joint session of Congress.
  • June 22–23, 2016: In the wake of the 2016 Orlando attacks, Congress debated gun control reform. The U.S. House recessed for the July 4 holiday during a sit-in protest held by Democrats that halted business in the chamber for more than 24 hours.
  • November 8, 2016 : Donald Trump and Mike Pence elected as president and vice-president in presidential elections, while the Republicans retain majority at both Senate and House of Representatives.
  • Enacted

  • January 12, 2015: Terrorism Risk Insurance Program Reauthorization Act of 2015, Pub.L. 114–1
  • April 16, 2015: Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act of 2015, Pub.L. 114–10
  • May 22, 2015: Iran Nuclear Agreement Review Act of 2015, Pub.L. 114–17
  • June 2, 2015: USA FREEDOM Act: Uniting and Strengthening America by Fulfilling Rights and Ensuring Effective Discipline Over Monitoring Act of 2015, Pub.L. 114–23
  • June 29, 2015: Trade Preferences Extension Act of 2015, Pub.L. 114–27
  • July 6, 2015: Department of Homeland Security Interoperable Communications Act, Pub.L. 114–29
  • November 5, 2015: Librarian of Congress Succession Modernization Act of 2015, Pub.L. 114–86
  • November 25, 2015: SPACE Act of 2015, Pub.L. 114–90
  • December 4, 2015: Fixing America's Surface Transportation (FAST) Act, Pub.L. 114–94
  • December 10, 2015: Every Student Succeeds Act, Pub.L. 114–95
  • December 18, 2015: Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2016, Pub.L. 114–113
  • February 8, 2016: Coast Guard Authorization Act of 2015, Pub.L. 114–120
  • February 24, 2016: Internet Tax Freedom Act contained in Trade Facilitation and Trade Enforcement Act of 2015, Pub.L. 114–125
  • July 20, 2016: Global Food Security Act of 2016, Pub.L. 114–195
  • September 28, 2016: Justice Against Sponsors of Terrorism Act, Pub.L. 114–222
  • October 7, 2016: Sexual Assault Survivors’ Rights Act, Pub.L. 114–236
  • Vetoed

  • February 24, 2015: Keystone XL Pipeline Approval Act (S. 1)
  • March 31, 2015: A joint resolution providing for congressional disapproval under chapter 8 of title 5, United States Code, of the rule submitted by the National Labor Relations Board relating to representation case procedures. (S.J.Res. 8)
  • October 22, 2015: National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (H.R. 1735)
  • December 19, 2015: A joint resolution providing for congressional disapproval under chapter 8 of title 5, United States Code, of a rule submitted by the Environmental Protection Agency relating to "Standards of Performance for Greenhouse Gas Emissions from New, Modified, and Reconstructed Stationary Sources: Electric Utility Generating Units" (S.J.Res. 23)
  • December 19, 2015: A joint resolution providing for congressional disapproval under chapter 8 of title 5, United States Code, of a rule submitted by the Environmental Protection Agency relating to "Carbon Pollution Emission Guidelines for Existing Stationary Sources: Electric Utility Generating Units" (S.J.Res. 24)
  • January 8, 2016: The Restoring Americans' Healthcare Freedom Reconciliation Act of 2015 (H.R. 3762)
  • January 19, 2016: A joint resolution providing for congressional disapproval under chapter 8 of title 5, United States Code, of the rule submitted by the Corps of Engineers and the Environmental Protection Agency relating to the definition of “waters of the United States” under the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (S.J.Res. 22)
  • June 8, 2016: A joint resolution disapproving the rule submitted by the Department of Labor relating to the definition of the term "Fiduciary" (H.J.Res. 88)
  • July 22, 2016: Presidential Allowance Modernization Act of 2016 (H.R. 1777)
  • September 23, 2016: Justice Against Sponsors of Terrorism Act (S. 2040) (Passed over Veto)
  • Party summary

    Resignations and new members are discussed in the "Changes in membership" section, below.


    [ Section contents: Senate: Majority (R), Minority (D) • House: Majority (R), Minority (D) ]


  • President: Joe Biden (D)
  • President pro tempore: Orrin Hatch (R)
  • President pro tempore emeritus: Patrick Leahy (D)
  • Majority (Republican) leadership

  • Majority Leader: Mitch McConnell
  • Assistant Majority Leader (Majority Whip): John Cornyn
  • Chief Deputy Whip: Mike Crapo
  • Deputy Whips: [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
  • Minority (Democratic) leadership

  • Minority Leader: Harry Reid
  • Assistant Minority Leader (Minority Whip): Dick Durbin
  • Chief Deputy Whip: Barbara Boxer
  • Deputy Whips: [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
  • Party leaders

  • Conference Chairman: John Thune
  • Conference Vice Chair: Roy Blunt
  • Senatorial Committee Chair: Roger Wicker
  • Policy Committee Chairman: John Barrasso
  • Democratic
  • Caucus Chair: Harry Reid
  • Caucus Vice Chair and Policy Committee Chair: Chuck Schumer
  • Caucus Secretary: Patty Murray
  • Senatorial Campaign Committee Chair: Jon Tester
  • Policy Committee Vice Chair: Debbie Stabenow
  • Policy Committee Strategic Policy Adviser: Elizabeth Warren
  • Policy Committee Policy Development Adviser: Mark Warner
  • Steering and Outreach Committee Chair: Amy Klobuchar
  • Steering and Outreach Committee Vice Chair: Jeanne Shaheen
  • House of Representatives

  • Speaker: John Boehner (R), until October 29, 2015
  • Paul Ryan (R), from October 29, 2015
  • Majority (Republican) leadership

  • Majority Leader: Kevin McCarthy
  • Majority Whip: Steve Scalise
  • Majority Chief Deputy Whip: Patrick McHenry
  • Senior Deputy Whips: Kristi Noem, Dennis Ross, Aaron Schock (until March 31, 2015), Steve Stivers, Ann Wagner
  • Minority (Democratic) leadership

  • Minority Leader: Nancy Pelosi
  • Minority Whip: Steny Hoyer
  • Assistant Democratic Leader: Jim Clyburn
  • Senior Chief Deputy Minority Whip: John Lewis
  • Chief Deputy Minority Whips: G. K. Butterfield, Diana DeGette, Keith Ellison, Jan Schakowsky, Kyrsten Sinema, Debbie Wasserman Schultz, Peter Welch
  • Party leaders

  • Conference Chair: Cathy McMorris Rodgers
  • Conference Vice-Chair: Lynn Jenkins
  • Conference Secretary: Virginia Foxx
  • Campaign Committee Chairman: Greg Walden
  • Policy Committee Chairman: Luke Messer
  • Campaign Committee Deputy Chairman: Lynn Westmoreland
  • Democratic
  • Caucus Chairman: Xavier Becerra
  • Caucus Vice-Chairman: Joe Crowley
  • Campaign Committee Chairman: Ben Ray Luján
  • Steering and Policy Committee Co-Chairs: Rosa DeLauro (Steering) and Donna Edwards (Policy)
  • Organization, Study, and Review Chairman: Karen Bass
  • Policy and Communications Chairman: Steve Israel
  • Senate

    Senators are listed by state and then by Senate classes.


    There were no changes in Senate membership during this Congress.


    [Section contents: Senate, House, Joint ] Listed alphabetically by chamber, including Chairman and Ranking Member.


    Source: "Senate Organization Chart for the 114th Congress". US Senate. Archived from the original on March 28, 2015. Retrieved January 26, 2015. 

  • Chaplain: Barry C. Black
  • Parliamentarian: Elizabeth MacDonough
  • Secretary: Julie E. Adams
  • Sergeant at Arms: Frank J. Larkin
  • Secretary for the Majority: Laura Dove
  • Secretary for the Minority: Gary B. Myrick
  • House of Representatives

    Source: "Officers and Organizations of the House". US House. Retrieved January 26, 2015. 

  • Chaplain: Patrick J. Conroy
  • Chief Administrative Officer: Phil Kiko
  • Clerk: Karen L. Haas
  • Historian: Matthew Wasniewski
  • Parliamentarian: Thomas J. Wickham Jr.
  • Sergeant at Arms: Paul D. Irving
  • Legislative branch agency directors

  • Architect of the Capitol: Stephen T. Ayers
  • Comptroller General of the United States: Eugene Louis Dodaro
  • Director of the Congressional Budget Office: Douglas Elmendorf
  • Librarian of Congress: James H. Billington, until September 30, 2015
  • David S. Mao (acting), October 1, 2015 – September 14, 2016
  • Carla Diane Hayden, from September 14, 2016
  • Public Printer of the United States: Davita Vance-Cooks
  • References

    114th United States Congress Wikipedia