Harman Patil (Editor)

71st United States Congress

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Senate President  Charles Curtis (R)
House Speaker  Nicholas Longworth (R)
House Majority  Republican
Senate Pres. pro tem  George H. Moses (R)
Senate Majority  Republican
71st United States Congress
Members  96 Senators 435 Representatives 5 Non-voting members

The Seventy-first United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1929 to March 4, 1931, during the first two years of Herbert Hoover's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Thirteenth Decennial Census of the United States in 1910. Both chambers had a Republican majority. This congress saw the most special elections of any congress with 27 in all.


Major events

  • March 4, 1929: Herbert C. Hoover became President of the United States
  • October 24, 1929 – October 29, 1929: Wall Street Crash of 1929: Three multi-digit percentage drops wipe out more than $30 billion from the New York Stock Exchange (10 times greater than the annual budget of the federal government).
  • October 25, 1929: Former U.S. Interior Secretary Albert B. Fall is convicted of bribery for his role in the Teapot Dome scandal, becoming the first Presidential cabinet member to go to prison for actions in office.
  • Major legislation

  • June 15, 1929: Agriculture Marketing Act, ch. 24, 46 Stat. 11
  • June 18, 1929: Reapportionment Act of 1929, ch. 28, 46 Stat. 21
  • June 17, 1930: Hawley-Smoot Tariff Act, ch. 497, 46 Stat. 590, (including: Title III, Plant Patent Act, 46 Stat. 703)
  • March 3, 1931: Davis–Bacon Act, ch. 411, 46 Stat. 1494
  • Party summary

    The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.


  • President: Charles Curtis (R)
  • President pro tempore: George H. Moses (R)
  • Majority leader: James E. Watson (R)
  • Minority leader: Joseph T. Robinson (D)
  • Majority whip: Simeon D. Fess (R)
  • Minority whip: Morris Sheppard (D)
  • Republican Conference Secretary: Frederick Hale (R)
  • Democratic Caucus Secretary: Hugo Black (D)
  • House of Representatives

  • Speaker: Nicholas Longworth (R)
  • Majority leader: John Q. Tilson (R)
  • Minority leader: John N. Garner (D)
  • Minority Whip: Albert Henry Vestal (R)
  • Minority Whip: John McDuffie (D)
  • Republican Conference Chair: Willis C. Hawley
  • Democratic Caucus Chairman: David Hayes Kincheloe
  • Democratic Campaign Committee Chairman: Joseph W. Byrns Sr.
  • Members

    This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.


    Senators were elected every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1934; Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1930; and Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1932.

    House of Representatives

    The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their districts.

    Changes in membership

    The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.


  • replacements: 9
  • Democratic: 1 seat net gain
  • Republican: 1 seat net loss
  • deaths: 5
  • resignations: 3
  • interim appointments: 6
  • Total seats with changes: 9
  • House of Representatives

  • replacements: 27
  • Democratic: 4 seat net gain
  • Republican: 3 seat net loss
  • deaths: 25
  • resignations: 6
  • contested election: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 32
  • Committees

    Lists of committees and their party leaders.


  • Agriculture and Forestry
  • Alaska Railroad (Special Select)
  • Appropriations
  • Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses of the Senate
  • Banking and Currency
  • Civil Service
  • Claims
  • Coins (Select)
  • Commerce
  • District of Columbia
  • Education and Labor
  • Enrolled Bills
  • Expenditures in Executive Departments
  • Finance
  • Foreign Relations
  • Immigration
  • Indian Affairs
  • Interoceanic Canals
  • Interstate Commerce
  • Judiciary
  • Library
  • Manufactures
  • Military Affairs
  • Mines and Mining
  • Naval Affairs
  • Patents
  • Pensions
  • Post Office Leases (Select)
  • Post Office and Post Roads
  • Printing
  • Privileges and Elections
  • Public Buildings and Grounds
  • Public Lands and Surveys
  • Rules
  • Senatorial Campaign of 1930 (Select)
  • Senator Heflin's Letter on Intermarriages in New York (Select)
  • Territories and Insular Possessions
  • Unemployment Insurance
  • Whole
  • Wildlife Resources (Special)
  • House of Representatives

  • Accounts
  • Agriculture
  • Appropriations
  • Banking and Currency
  • Census
  • Civil Service
  • Claims
  • Coinage, Weights and Measures
  • Disposition of Executive Papers
  • District of Columbia
  • Education
  • Election of the President, Vice President and Representatives in Congress
  • Elections
  • Enrolled Bills
  • Expenditures in the Executive Departments
  • Flood Control
  • Foreign Affairs
  • Immigration and Naturalization
  • Indian Affairs
  • Insular Affairs
  • Interstate and Foreign Commerce
  • Invalid Pensions
  • Irrigation and Reclamation
  • Labor
  • Memorials
  • Merchant Marine and Fisheries
  • Military Affairs
  • Mines and Mining
  • Naval Affairs
  • Patents
  • Pensions
  • Post Office and Post Roads
  • Public Buildings and Grounds
  • Public Lands
  • Revision of Laws
  • Rivers and Harbors
  • Roads
  • Rules
  • Standards of Official Conduct
  • Territories
  • War Claims
  • Ways and Means
  • Whole
  • Joint committees

  • Conditions of Indian Tribes (Special)
  • Disposition of (Useless) Executive Papers
  • Investigate Control of Aircraft for Seacoast Defense
  • Taxation
  • Officers

  • Architect of the Capitol: David Lynn
  • Attending Physician of the United States Congress: George Calver
  • Comptroller General of the United States: John R. McCarl
  • Librarian of Congress: Herbert Putnam
  • Public Printer of the United States: George H. Carter
  • Senate

  • Secretary: Edwin P. Thayer
  • Sergeant at Arms: David S. Barry
  • Chaplain: ZeBarney T. Phillips (Episcopalian)
  • Democratic Party Secretary: Edwin A. Halsey
  • Republican Party Secretary: Carl A. Loeffler
  • House of Representatives

  • Clerk: William T. Page
  • Sergeant at Arms: Joseph G. Rodgers
  • Doorkeeper: Bert W. Kennedy
  • Postmaster: Frank W. Collier
  • Parliamentarian: Lewis Deschler
  • Chaplain: James S. Montgomery (Methodist)
  • References

    71st United States Congress Wikipedia