The city name derived from the Hindu goddess Uranavati. It was called Uruvan during the rule of Madhavrao I, the fourth Peshwa of the Maratha Empire. Later, the area was named Uran by the Portuguese and Ooran by the British.
Many Indian dynasties have ruled the area. In early history, these included the Maurya Empire, Sātavāhana Empire, Western Kshatrapas, Vākāṭaka Empire, Chalukyas, and Yadavas.
The area around Mumbai was under Portuguese and British rule in the 16th to 19th centuries.
Uran was subject to the Maratha princely states in the Maharashtra. Uran was once the base of the famous Maratha Sarkhel (Admiral) Kanhoji Angre, who battled European naval interests in the 18th century.
Uran is located at 18.88°N 72.94°E / 18.88; 72.94. Uran has an average elevation of 21 metres (69 ft).
On the tip of a peninsula, Uran district is surrounded by sea on three sides. The town of Uran itself is centrally located on the peninsula, flanked by Karanja village to the south and Mora village and port to the north. Among the other villages in the Uran district are Ambikawadi, Aveda, Bajarpur, Bandhilwadi, Bhendkhal, Bandhpada, Bokadvira, Bori, URAN KOLIWADA, Chanaje, Chirner, Dastaan, Dighode, Dhakti Afshan Azad (Padma Patil)Jui, Dongree, Funde, Gavan, Jasai, Jaskhar, Karanja, Kathe Ali, Karal, Kegaon, Khopte, Kotnaka, Koproli, Kundegav, Mora, Mothi Jui, Mulekhand, Nagaon, Nagoan (Mandal Ali), Navghar, Nhava, Panaje, Pagote, Pirkon, Sarde, Sai, Savarkhar, Sheva, Shivajinagar, Sonari, Ulwe Vasheni, Vindhane, Vinayak, Ekatghar and Ranjanpada.
Uran has very beautiful landscapes and surroundings. The outskirts of town are largely rural, remaining among the few undeveloped areas within the Navi Mumbai city limits. Local roads are lined by greenery, rice fields in the monsoon season, and mountains.
Uran is home to extensive salt pans, part of a long-standing network of salt manufacturing around Mumbai. The land has been under redevelopment pressure.
The Uran wetlands were once home to many species of birds and reptiles, some critically endangered. The wetlands were developed in 2009 and 2010.
The main occupation in Uran is fishing. 80% of the fish production of Mumbai comes from fishermen based out of the Uran district, especially the villages of Karanja and Mora.
The second major occupation is farming. Uran contributes to the production of rice in the Raigad district. Raigad is the second largest district in terms of rice production in India.
Shipping, shipbuilding, and port support are major economic factors in Uran district. Jawaharlal Nehru Port (JNPT) is the largest container terminal in India. Other container terminals in the Uran district include APM Terminals (formerly GTI) and DP World (formerly the British Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company). Salt pan owners revolted against the government decision to build a sea port, but the port has proved to be the main source of income to residents and nearby villages, as major projects and warehouses have opened nearby.
The Indian Navy maintains a naval base near Mora. Locals claim that the base has stifled the growth of the town, due to sea travel restrictions imposed by the Navy for security.
The Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) has a plant nearby. GTPS-MSEB is Asia's first power plant run by natural gas.
Other industrial and manufacturing employers Grindwell Norton Limited, NAD, and the Skols Brewery (closed in 2005).
Uran is growing. In the 2001 India census, Uran had a population of 23,254; this had increased by the 2011 census to 30,439. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. In Uran, 10–11% of the population is 6 years of age or younger.
Uran's average literacy rate is also rising, from 79% in 2001 to 82% in 2011. Males lead females in literacy: male literacy was 83% in 2001 and 85% in 2011, and female literacy was 75% in 2001 and 79% in 2011. India's national literacy average is 59.5%.
Uran has many Hindu temples, some of which host annual festivals. Some of the well known temples are:Shanteshwari Aai Temple, Navin Sheva Uran:Shanteshwari Aai Temple is Very famous in Uran Taluka.It is in Navin Sheva village.
Its palkhi is famous in Raigad District.Bahiridev Temple, Sarde Uran:' Shree Bahiridev(Ughad) is Gramdaiwat of all Sarde Village. It is Jagrut Devasthan and it is based on Creek of Sarde which is one of branch of Patalganga Creek.
Shree Raghoba Mandir, Uran Kotnaka
Raghoba Mandir Is one of famous holy temple located near Kotnaka, Uran. Shree Raghoba palkhi sohla is very famous in kotnaka village as well as in Uran also.Radhakrishna Temple, Sarde, Uran: Which is based at Radhakrisha ali(Sarde Village hill)A Grand Festival is celebrated on the occasion of Shree Krishna Jayanti. There are Huge celebration's in Palakhi occasion.
URAN-KOLIWADA IS HINDU TEMPLE SHREE BAPUJIDEV MINDIR & JARI – MARI MINDIR.
Ratneshwari Temple, Jaskhar, Ratneshwari temple is one of the most Famous & Jagrut Devasthan in Uran city. It is very famous in MHARASTRA ,cause the temple is very attractive and its made by full marble. Its palkhi is very famous in Raigad District.
Girobadev Temple, Khopta located in East of Karanja & Khopta creek
Mankeshwar Temple Uran: One of famous temples in Uran, located right next to Mankeshwar beach, Kegoan. Dedicated to Lord Shiva, annual festival celebrated here in the month of November.
Vinayak Temple Kegoan, Uran: located in Kegoan. Dedicated to Lord Ganesha, Very old and beautiful temple constructed by Peshwas (recently refurbished). A small Hanuman Temple is directly opposite to the Ganesha Temple. A well and a pond adds to the scenery. History of this temple dates back to 1365 according to sources.
Dargah of Hazrath Mukim Shah baba, Uran: Located in Uran it is one of the most famous dargah of uran.It is also a major tourist attraction in Uran. Devotees from nearby areas visit this dargah on a large scale.
Uran Jama Masjid:Located in Masjid Mohalla area of Uran. It is the biggest mosque in uran.
Dargah of Hazrat Moinuddin Qadri:Located on Uran–Karanja road.
Masjid-e-Muhammadia: Located near Rajpal Naka
Another major tourist attraction in Uran is Pirwadi Beach, which is frequented by tourists from nearby areas like Panvel, Navi Mumbai, and Mumbai. A distant view of South Mumbai is visible from there. In township there is one beautiful garden ,which is attractive for kid and also youngers. Ransai Dam is a destination in Uran. It is located near Dighode Village.
An old military fort named Dronagiri is located just beside the ONGC plant on the top of the Dronagiri mountain. This was a Maratha fort for a short period before passing into possession of the Portuguese, according to the locals. Entry has banned for security reasons.
There are many schools which provide primary education and secondary education, but very few graduate colleges are present. There are currently no engineering colleges or medical colleges in Uran.
The schools in Uran are:Global International Pre-school, Chirner
Global International Pre-school, Sonari
Tukaram Hari Vajekar Higher Secondary School, Funde
N.I. High School – Bazarpeth
St. Mary's High School Uran – Uran
English Medium School – operated by the Uran Education Society in Bori
Anmol English Medium School – Bokadvira
Rotary English Medium School – Bori
IES Jawaharlal Nehru Vidyalaya – JNPT Township
JNPT St. Mary's High School – JNPT Township
Dronagiri High School – Karanja
Citizen Urdu medium primary school – Masjid mohalla
Citizen Urdu medium secondary school – Koliwada
Iqra English medium school – Bakshi Mohalla
[Kendriya Vidyalaya] – NAD
Bhagubai Changu Thakur – Vidyalaya
The colleges are:Veer Wajekar A.S.C College – Funde
Konkan Dnyanpeeth Sanstha (Dagdi College) – Uran
Uran Education Society College – Uran
Citizens college – koliwada
Panchratna Adhyapak Vidhyalaya – Pirkon
CarePoint Hospital and Institute of Paramedical Studies
The Industrial Training Institute (ITI) at Daaurnagar provides several courses for career paths such as electricians and fitters.
There are also various madrasas in city for Islamic education.