Trisha Shetty

Terminalia schimperiana

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Kingdom  Plantae
Family  Combretaceae
Scientific name  Terminalia schimperiana
Order  Myrtales
Genus  Terminalia
Rank  Species
Similar  Terminalia avicennioides, Terminalia macroptera, Anogeissus leiocarpa, Piliostigma thonningii, Combretum molle

Terminalia schimperiana is a species of Terminalia, native to tropical Africa from Guinea and Sierra Leone east to Uganda and Ethiopia.

Contents

Growth

It is a broadleaved small tree that can reach up to 7–14 m, variably deciduous in the dry season to semi-evergreen, depending on the climate. The leaves are alternate, simple, elliptic to obovate, entire, 9–15 cm long and 3–8 cm broad, green above with pale undersides. The flowers are tiny and form pale spikes at the base of the leaves. The fruit is a samara with a single wing 6–9 cm long, that turns brown with age.

Characteristics

It can be found in open forest habitats with more than 1300 mm of rainfall per year. as well as closed forest. When it is found in closed forest, it typically is part of the forest canopy. It may be the dominant large tree species where it is found. Fire and debarking by elephants can damage the trees.

Medicinal uses

In parts of West Africa, T. schimperiana is used as a medicinal plant. The bark is applied to wounds, and the twigs may be chewed to promote oral hygiene. In laboratory experiments, extracts of the plant were found to have in vitro antibiotic properties against Staphylococcus. The plant extracts also have antifungal properties in vitro.

References

Terminalia schimperiana Wikipedia


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