|Burial Santa Barbara Cemetery|
Name Shams Pahlavi
Mother Tadj ol-Molouk
|Father Reza Shah|
House House of Pahlavi
|Born 28 October 1917
Tehran, Iran (1917-10-28) |
Spouse Fereydoun Djam (m.1937-div.1944) Mehrdad Pahlbod (m.1945-w.1996)
Issue Shahboz Pahlbod Shahyar Pahlbod Shahrazad Pahlbod
Died February 29, 1996, Santa Barbara, California, United States
Siblings Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Princess Ashraf of Iran
Nephews Reza Pahlavi, Crown Prince of Iran, Ali-Reza Pahlavi
Nieces Shahnaz Pahlavi, Farahnaz Pahlavi, Leila Pahlavi, Azadeh Shafiq, Nazak Pahlavi
Similar People Princess Ashraf of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Reza Shah, Tadj ol‑Molouk, Shahnaz Pahlavi
Parents Tadj ol-Molouk, Reza Shah
princess shams pahlavi
Princess Shams Pahlavi (Persian: Ŝams Pahlawi) ((1917-10-28)28 October 1917 – (1996-02-29)29 February 1996) was the elder sister of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the last Shah of Iran. During her brother's reign she was the president of the Red Lion and Sun Society.
Princess Shams was born in Tehran on 28 October 1917. She is the elder daughter of Rezā Ŝāh and Tāj ol Moluk.
Shams Pahlavi married Fereydoun Djam, son of then-prime minister of Iran Mahmoud Djam, under strict orders from her father in 1937, but the marriage was an unhappy one and the couple divorced immediately after the death of Rezā Shāh.
Following the deposition of Reza Shah after the Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran in 1941, Shams accompanied her father during his exile to Port Louis, Mauritius, and later Johannesburg, South Africa, and published her memoir of this trip in monthly installments in the Ettela'at newspaper in 1948.
She was deprived of her ranks and titles for a brief period of time after her second marriage to Mehrdad Pahlbod, and lived in the United States from 1945 to 1947. Later, a reconciliation with the court was achieved and the couple returned to Tehran only to leave again during the upheavals of the Abadan Crisis. She converted to Roman Catholicism in the 1940s. Princess Shams was persuaded to convert to Catholicism by Ernest Perron, the best friend of the Shah. Her husband and children adopted Catholicism after her.
After returning to Iran following the 1953 coup which reestablished the rule of her brother, she maintained a low public profile, contrary to that of her sister Princess Ashraf Pahlavi, and confined her activities to the management of the vast fortune she inherited from her father.
In the late 1960s she commissioned the Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation architects to build her the Morvarid Palace in Mehrshahr near Karaj, and Villa Mehrafarin in Chalous, Mazandaran.
She left Iran for the United States after the Islamic Revolution and died of cancer on her Santa Barbara estate in 1996.