Sarreguemines ([saʁɡəmin]; German: Saargemünd , Lorraine Franconian: Saargemìnn) is a commune in the Moselle department of the Grand Est administrative region in north-eastern France.
It is the seat of an arrondissement and a canton. As of the 2013 France census, the town's population is 21,572. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Sarregueminois and Sarregueminoises.
Sarreguemines, whose name is a French spelling of the name in local Lorraine-German dialect "Saargemin", meaning "confluence into the Saar", is located at the confluence of the Blies and the Saar, 40 miles (64 km) east of Metz, 60 miles (97 km) northwest of Strasbourg by rail, and at the junction of the lines to Trier and Saarburg. Traditionally Sarreguemines was the head of river navigation on the Saar, its importance being a depot where boats were unloaded.
Sarreguemines was, from 1985 to 2015, the seat of two cantons:Sarreguemines, consisting of the Sarreguemines commune only.
Sarreguemines-Campagne, comprising 21 nearby communes.
Both cantons, minus the communes of Grundviller, Guebenhouse, Loupershouse and Woustviller that were added to the canton of Sarralbe, were merged into one canton of Sarreguemines on January 1, 2015.
Sarreguemines, originally a Roman settlement, obtained civic rights early in the 13th century. In 1297 it was ceded by the count of Saarbrücken to the Duke of Lorraine, and passed with Lorraine in 1766 to France.
It was transferred to Germany in 1871, with the Treaty of Frankfurt following the Franco-Prussian War. From 1871 to 1918 it formed part of the German imperial province of Alsace-Lorraine and manufactured plush velvet, leather, porcelain, and earthenware, and was a chief depot for papier-mâché boxes, mostly used for snuffboxes. It was returned to France after World War I.
On December 21–23 1944, the 44th Infantry Division (United States) threw back three attempts by the Germans to cross the Blies River. An aggressive defense of the Sarreguemines area was continued throughout February and most of March 1945.
Sarreguemines was the birthplace ofJean-Pierre Bachasson, comte de Montalivet (1766–1823), Peer of France and a French statesman
Auguste Hilarion Touret (1797 – 1858 ) - French philhellene officer and a participant in the War of Independence of Greece
Simon Lazard (1828), founder of Lazard
Camille Crémer ( 1840-1876 ), general
Erza Muqoli (2005 - present) - French singer from the musical group Kids United
Hugo Karl (1878-1944), general
Maximilian von Jaunez (1873-1947), politician
Eberhard Hanfstaengl (1886-1973), historian
Hans Traut ( 1895-1974) (1895–1974), general
Georg Eißer (1898-1964), jurist
Marianne Oswald (1901-1985), singer
Karl Ullrich (1910-1996), Knights Cross holder
Eugen-Ludwig Zweigart (1914-1944), pilot
Jean-Marie Rausch (born 1929), politician
Roland Minnerath (born 1946), bishop
Céleste Lett (born 1951), politician
Michel Roth (born 1959), chef
Eric Hassli (born 1981), French footballer
Matthieu Sprick (born 1981), French cyclist