Roti Kapda Aur Makaan (English: Food, Clothing and Shelter) is a 1974 Indian Bollywood Hindi-language film. It was written, produced, directed by and stars Manoj Kumar, alongside Shashi Kapoor, Zeenat Aman and Moushumi Chatterjee in the main lead roles and had Amitabh Bachchan, Prem Nath and Madan Puri in supporting roles. Laxmikant Pyarelal were the music directors. It was released on 18 October 1974 with films like Roti and Benaam.
The title is based on the Urdu phrase referring to the bare necessities of life, which was popularized in the late 1960s by Zulfikar Ali Bhutto ahead of the Pakistani general election, 1970. It was the highest grossing Indian film of 1974 and one of the biggest blockbusters of Manoj Kumar. manoj æThe Telugu movie Jeevana Poratam, starring Sobhan Babu, Rajinikanth, Kaikala Satyanarayana, Naresh, Vijayashanti, is a remake.
After the retirement of his dad (Krishan Dhawan), the responsibility is on Bharat (Manoj Kumar) to look after his Delhi-based family. He has two younger college-going brothers, Vijay (Amitabh Bachchan) and Deepak (Dheeraj Kumar) and a sister of marriagable age, Champa (Meena T.). Although Bharat is a college graduate, the only work he can find is as a low-paid singer, much to the frustration of his girlfriend, Sheetal (Zeenat Aman). Meanwhile, Vijay has turned to crime as a last resort to provide for the family, but after an argument with Bharat, he leaves home to join the army.
Sheetal starts working as a secretary for rich businessman Mohan Babu (Shashi Kapoor) and Mohan becomes attracted to her. She becomes attracted to Mohan but is more interested in his wealth and luxury. She loves Bharat but cannot contemplate a life in poverty. Bharat finally finds a job as a builder but starts to realise that Sheetal is slowly drifting away from him. Soon he loses his job after the government takes over the building site and his financial problems increase further. When Mohan proposes marriage to Sheetal, she accepts, leaving Bharat heartbroken. After losing his love, Bharat also loses his father, which devastates him. Frustrated, he burns his diploma on his father's funeral pyre.
Meanwhile, Champa has found a suitor, but Bharat has no money to pay for the wedding and it cannot go ahead. Depressed at the state of his life, Bharat soon finds salvation by helping a poor girl, Tulsi (Moushumi Chatterjee), who lives in poverty but gets by. He also makes friends with Sardar Harnam Singh (Prem Nath) who comes to his rescue when he attempts to save Tulsi from a gang of hoodlums. He then receives an offer from a corrupt businessman named Nekiram (Madan Puri) who persuades Bharat to do his illegal activities so he and his family will come out of poverty and be wealthy. The plot centers on whether Bharat agree to this or whether his moral nature stops him from turning to crime to provide for his family.Manoj Kumar ... Bharat
Shashi Kapoor ... Mohan Babu
Zeenat Aman ... Sheetal
Moushmi Chatterjee ... Tulsi
Amitabh Bachchan ... Vijay
Dheeraj Kumar ... Deepak
Krishan Dhawan ... Bharat's father
Kamini Kaushal ... Bharat's mother
Prem Nath ... Harnam Singh (Tulsi's friend)
Madan Puri ... Nekiram
Aruna Irani ... Poonam (Nekiram's mistress)
Meena T ... Champa (Bharat's sister)
1975 Filmfare Best Director Award for Manoj Kumar
1975 Filmfare Best Male Playback Award for Mahendra Kapoor for the song "Aur Nahin Bas Aur Nahin"
1975 Filmfare Best Lyricist Award for Santosh Anand for the song "Main Na Bhoolunga"
1975 Filmfare Nomination for Best Film
1975 Filmfare Nomination for Best Actor for Manoj Kumar
1975 Filmfare Nomination for Best Actor in a Supporting Role for Prem Nath
1975 Filmfare Nomination for Best Actress in a Supporting Role for Moushumi Chatterjee
1975 Filmfare Nomination for Best Story for Manoj Kumar
1975 Filmfare Nomination for Best Music for Laxmikant Pyarelal
1975 Filmfare Nomination for Best Lyricist for Santosh Anand for the song "Aur Nahin Bus Aur Nahin"
1975 Filmfare Nomination for Best Male Playback Singer for Mukesh for the song "Main Na Bhoolonga"