Vidhu Vinod Chopra
December 12, 2005, Mumbai
| Film director|
| Chandramauli Chopra|
29 December 1917 (1917-12-29) Lahore, Punjab, British India (now Pakistan)
Ramanand ChopraRamanand BediRamanand Kashmiri
Film producer, director, writer
Anand Sagar, Prem Sagar, Subhash Sagar, Moti Sagar
Akash Sagar, Amrit Sagar, Jyoti Sagar, Shakti Sagar
Ramayan, Krishna, Arzoo, Aankhen, Geet
Ravindra Jain, Vidhu Vinod Chopra, Deepika Chikhalia, Arun Govil, Rajendra Kumar
Ramanand Sagar Wikipedia
Ramanand Sagar (29 December 1917 – 12 December 2005) (born Chandramauli Chopra) was an Indian film director. He is most famous for making the Ramayan television series, a 78-part TV adaptation of the ancient Hindu epic of the same name, starring Arun Govil as Lord Ram and Deepika Chikhalia as Sita. The Government of India awarded him the civilian honour of Padma Shri in 2000.
Ramanand Sagar was born at Asal Guru Ke near Lahore. His great-grandfather, Lala Shankar Das Chopra, migrated from Peshawar to Kashmir. Ramanand was adopted by his maternal grandmother, who had no sons, at which point his name was changed from 'Chandramouli Chopra' to 'Ramanand Sagar'. After Sagar's biological mother died, his father took a second wife and had further children by her, including Vidhu Vinod Chopra, who is thus Sagar's half-brother, albeit thirty-five years younger than him. Sagar worked as a peon, truck cleaner, soap vendor, goldsmith apprentice etc. during the day and studied for his degree at night.
He was a gold medalist in Sanskrit and Persian from the University of Punjab in 1942. He was also editor of newspaper Daily Milap. He wrote many short stories, novels, poems, plays, etc. under names like "Ramanand Chopra", "Ramanand Bedi" and "Ramanand Kashmiri". In 1942 when he caught tuberculosis he wrote a subjective column "Diary of a T.B. patient" about his fight. The column was published in series in the magazine Adab-e-Mashriq in Lahore.
In 1932, Sagar started his film career as a clapper boy in a silent film, Raiders of the Rail Road. He then shifted to Bombay in 1949 after India's partition.
In 1940's, Ramanand Sagar started out as an assistant stage manager in Prithvi Theatres of Prithviraj Kapoor. Also, directed a few plays under the fatherly guidance of Kapoor.
Along with other films that Sagar himself directed, he wrote the story and screenplay for Raj Kapoor's superhit Barsaat. He founded the film and television production company known as Sagar Films (Pvt. Ltd.) a.k.a. Sagar Arts in 1950. He produced and directed many films. He won the 1960 Filmfare Best Dialogue Award for Paigham which was directed by S. S. Vasan and starred Dilip Kumar, Vyjayanthimala and Raaj Kumar in lead roles. In 1964 he directed the classic Zindagi starring Rajendra Kumar, Vyjanthimala, Prithviraj Kapoor and Raaj Kumar.In 1968 he won the Filmfare Best Director Award for Ankhen. Ankhen was a spy-thriller starring Dharmendra and Mala Sinha. It was amongst the Top 10 Hindi films of the 1960s.
In 1985 Sagar turned towards television. His Sagar Arts began producing serials based on Indian history. His Ramayan aired its first episode on 25 January 1987. His next mythological tele-serials were Krishna and Luv Kush. He made fantasy dramas like Vikram Aur Betaal and Alif Laila.
Based on his experiences of Indo-Pak partition, Sagar published a Hindi-Urdu book Aur Insaan Mar Gaya (English: And Humanity Died) in 1948.
The government of India honoured Sagar with the Padma Shri in 2000.1960 – Filmfare Best Dialogue Award for Paigham1969 – Filmfare Best Director Award for Aankhen1966 – Filmfare Award for Best Story for Arzoo1966 – Filmfare Award for Best Director for Arzoo1969 – Filmfare Award for Best Story for Aankhen