Sneha Girap

Rakhine State

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Country  Burma
Area  36,778.0 km2
Capital  Sittwe
  Military
Colleges and Universities  Technological University, Sittwe, Computer University, Sittwe

Rakhine State (Burmese: ?????????????; MLCTS: rahkuing pranynai, formerly Arakan) is a state in Burma. Situated on the western coast, it is bordered by Chin State in the north, Magway Region, Bago Region and Ayeyarwady Region in the east, the Bay of Bengal to the west, and the Chittagong Division of Bangladesh to the northwest. It is located approximately between latitudes 17°30 north and 21°30 north and east longitudes 92°10 east and 94°50 east. The Arakan Mountains, which rise to 3,063 metres (10,049 ft) at Victoria Peak, separate Rakhine State from central Burma. Off the coast of Rakhine State there are some fairly large islands such as Cheduba and Myingun Island. Rakhine State has an area of 36,762 square kilometres (14,194 sq mi) and its capital is Sittwe.

Contents

Map of Rakhine State

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History

The history of the region of Arakan (now renamed Rakhine) State can be roughly divided into seven parts. The first four divisions and the periods are based on the location of the centre of power of the main independent Rakhine-dominated polities in the northern Rakhine region, especially along the Kaladan River. Thus, the history is divided into the Dhanyawadi, Waithali, Laymro and Mrauk U. Mrauk U was conquered by the Konbaung dynasty of Burma in 1784-85, after which Rakhine became part of the Konbaung kingdom of Burma. In 1824, the first Anglo-Burmese war erupted and in 1826, Rakhine (alongside Tanintharyi) was ceded to the British as reparation by the Burmese to the British. Rakhine thus became part of the province of Burma of British India. In 1948, Burma was given independence and Rakhine became part (colony) of the new federal republic.

Economy

Rice is the main crop in the region, occupying around 85% of the total agricultural land. Coconut and nipa palm plantations are also important. Fishing is a major industry, with most of the catch transported to Yangon, but some is also exported. Wood products such as timber, bamboo and fuel wood are extracted from the mountains. Small amounts of inferior-grade crude oil are produced from primitive, shallow, hand-dug wells, but there is yet unexplored potential for petroleum and natural gas production.

References

Rakhine State Wikipedia (,)http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/e/e3/Rohingya_burning_of_Rakhine_village.jpg(,)http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/c/cf/Police_approahes_rioters_during_2012_Rohingya_riots_in_Burma.jpeg(,)http://www.nationmultimedia.com/new/2014/10/28/aec/images/30246447-01_big.jpg(,)http://www.salem-news.com/gphotos/1343370519.jpg(,)http://www.unhcr.org/thumb1/50d2e84f6.jpg(,)http://www.christopher-myanmar.com/images/mandalay/history-large.jpg(,)http://www.unhcr.org/thumb1/50d2f7766.jpg(,)http://www.unhcr.org/thumb1/50d2e9266.jpg(,)http://www.unhcr.org/thumb1/506ec5af6.jpg(,)http://www.christopher-myanmar.com/images/mandalay/history2-large.jpg(,)http://cache1.asset-cache.net/gc/140335868-myanmar-burma-mrauk-u-early-morning-mist-gettyimages.jpg%3Fv%3D1%26c%3DIWSAsset%26k%3D2%26d%3DlQqdA7Llm8Plqb57yh60YLu3834Jl0blLWzoyiMcy5ThYP0MvVIi%252BLyYpgS%252B%252BFbd(,)http://cache3.asset-cache.net/gc/140337976-early-morning-mist-shrouds-the-historic-gettyimages.jpg%3Fv%3D1%26c%3DIWSAsset%26k%3D2%26d%3DePYme8nceHL0lbInpRdS8SylFLwv8dyufD1bgMJeDdwkA3nfztJyDB5J0lQ%252FRc8o(,)http://cache4.asset-cache.net/gc/140337975-early-morning-mist-shrouds-the-historic-gettyimages.jpg%3Fv%3D1%26c%3DIWSAsset%26k%3D2%26d%3DSXok6WiFYHb71R9vYwApoUgi3v8n%252F7MWt0DTFUP1SvPS471RKUe1N7Ann%252B729muX(,)http://cache4.asset-cache.net/gc/140335870-myanmar-burma-mrauk-u-early-morning-mist-gettyimages.jpg%3Fv%3D1%26c%3DIWSAsset%26k%3D2%26d%3DMKXSZoxUXaW6UHvZfMia2mlRMqe5Sg4XgvXiVMeK00Y%253D(,)http://www.un.org/News/dh/photos/large/2012/November/11-06-2012rakhinestate.jpg(,)https://www.myanmars.net/myanmar/images/rakhine_zoom.jpg(,)http://www.unhcr.org/thumb1/51cd56d46.jpg(,)http://www.unhcr.org/thumb1/508faad46.jpg(,)http://i2.cdn.turner.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/121026095248-myanmar-refugees-story-top.jpg(,)http://photo-journ.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/Kyaukpyu-Rakhine-State-western-Myanmar-March-9-2012-photo-HRW1.jpg(,)http://news.bbcimg.co.uk/media/images/70215000/jpg/_70215905_70215903.jpg(,)http://www.rfa.org/english/news/myanmar/rohingyas-04082013180609.html/burma-rohingya-idps-oct-2012.jpg/%40%40images/f3d7c05e-6455-4e3a-b5d5-21ad2e7d36dc.jpeg(,)http://archive-2.mizzima.com/images/NewsPhotos/JUL12/Rakhine-Sate-Map.jpg(,)http://cache2.asset-cache.net/gc/140338019-myanmar-burma-rakhine-state-sittwe-young-gettyimages.jpg%3Fv%3D1%26c%3DIWSAsset%26k%3D2%26d%3DoDDR1XAkNaBp5v3ahxS7dYKr3kVTRvwv%252FYa2sYO0t6e3y1qZWjBBDGH25%252FEI6T1x(,)http://imgc.allpostersimages.com/images/P-473-488-90/40/4002/L94WF00Z/posters/nigel-pavitt-burma-rakhine-state-fruit-bats-spend-the-day-hanging-from-the-branches-of-large-trees-myanmar.jpg(,)http://www.un.org/News/dh/photos/large/2013/January/01-17-2013rakhinestate.jpg(,)http://i.ytimg.com/vi/8cCpy9WJO_Y/hqdefault.jpg


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