|Style His/Her Excellency|
Inaugural holder Mircea Snegur
|Appointer Popular vote|
Formation September 3, 1990
|Residence Presidential Palace (ro),
Term length Four years, renewable once
The President of the Republic of Moldova is the head of state of Moldova. The current President of Moldova is Igor Dodon, who was elected in 2016 after a 2nd round run-off vote with 52.2% over his opponent Maia Sandu with 47.8%. His inauguration took place on December 27, 2016.
- Constitutional position
- Acting president
- Suspension from office
- Moldavian Democratic Republic 19171918
- Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet
- First Secretaries of the Moldavian Communist Party
- Chairman of the Supreme Soviet
- Republic of Moldova 1991present
- Living former Presidents
According to the Article 77 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994), the President of Moldova is the head of the State and represents the State and is the guarantor of national sovereignty, independence, and the unity and territorial integrity of the nation.
The Acting President of Moldova (Romanian: Președinte interimar al Republicii Moldova) is a person who fulfills the duties of President of Moldova when cases of incapacity and vacancy occur. It is a temporary post provided by the Constitution of Moldova.
According to Article 91 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994):
Suspension from office
According to Article 89 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994):
According to Article 90 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994):
Between 1994 and 2000, the President had been elected by popular vote for a four-year term; if no candidate received a majority in the first round, a runoff took place between the top two finishers. In 2000, the Law regarding the election of the President of Moldova stipulated that the President would be indirectly elected by the Parliament of Moldova to a four-year term; a candidate must win a supermajority of 61 votes to be elected. Presidents are limited to two terms.
Nevertheless, the Constitutional Court ruled on March 4, 2016, that the law adopted in 2000 was unconstitutional, thus reverting the election method of the President to a two-round system direct election.
Moldavian Democratic Republic (1917–1918)
Bessarabian Peasants' Party
Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet
First Secretaries of the Moldavian Communist Party
Chairman of the Supreme Soviet
Republic of Moldova (1991–present)
PDAM PCRM PL PLDM PDM PSRM Independent
Living former Presidents
There are four living former Moldovan Presidents:
The President Palace is located in the Buiucani sector of Chișinău. It was constructed between 1984 and 1987 to the design of architects A. Zalțman and V. Iavorski. The distinctive building was originally the meeting place of the Supreme Soviet of the Moldavian SSR.