Supriya Ghosh (Editor)

President of Moldova

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Covid-19
Style  His/Her Excellency
Inaugural holder  Mircea Snegur
Appointer  Popular vote
Formation  September 3, 1990
President of Moldova
Residence  Presidential Palace (ro), Condrița
Term length  Four years, renewable once

The President of the Republic of Moldova is the head of state of Moldova. The current President of Moldova is Igor Dodon, who was elected in 2016 after a 2nd round run-off vote with 52.2% over his opponent Maia Sandu with 47.8%. His inauguration took place on December 27, 2016.

Contents

Constitutional position

According to the Article 77 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994), the President of Moldova is the head of the State and represents the State and is the guarantor of national sovereignty, independence, and the unity and territorial integrity of the nation.

Acting president

The Acting President of Moldova (Romanian: Președinte interimar al Republicii Moldova) is a person who fulfills the duties of President of Moldova when cases of incapacity and vacancy occur. It is a temporary post provided by the Constitution of Moldova.

According to Article 91 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994):

Suspension from office

According to Article 89 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994):

  • (1) In the event where the president of the Republic of Moldova commits grave offenses infringing upon constitutional provisions, he may be suspended from office by Parliament if two-thirds of the members cast their vote in support of suspension.
  • (2) The motion requesting the suspension from office must be initiated by at least one third of the members, and it must be brought to the knowledge of the President without delay. The President may give explanations on the actions for which he is being censured before parliament.
  • (3) If the motion requesting suspension from office meets with approval, a national referendum shall be organized within 30 days for removing the President from office.
  • Vacancy

    According to Article 90 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994):

  • (1) The office of the President of the Republic of Moldova may become vacant in consequence of expiry of the presidential mandate, resignation from office, removal from office, definite impossibility of executing his duties, or death.
  • (2) The request to remove the President of the Republic of Moldova from office will be brought forward in Parliament, which will pass a decision on that request.
  • (3) Within 3 months from the date when the presidential office was announced as vacant elections for a new President will be held in accordance with the law.
  • Election

    Between 1994 and 2000, the President had been elected by popular vote for a four-year term; if no candidate received a majority in the first round, a runoff took place between the top two finishers. In 2000, the Law regarding the election of the President of Moldova stipulated that the President would be indirectly elected by the Parliament of Moldova to a four-year term; a candidate must win a supermajority of 61 votes to be elected. Presidents are limited to two terms.

    Nevertheless, the Constitutional Court ruled on March 4, 2016, that the law adopted in 2000 was unconstitutional, thus reverting the election method of the President to a two-round system direct election.

    Moldavian Democratic Republic (1917–1918)

    Party

      Bessarabian Peasants' Party

    Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet

  • Fyodor Brovko (28 June 1940 – 29 March 1951)
  • Ivan Koditsa (29 March 1951 – 5 April 1963)
  • Kirill Ilyashenko (5 April 1963 – 10 April 1980)
  • Ivan Călin (10 April 1980 – 24 December 1985)
  • Alexandru Mocanu (24 December 1985 – 12 July 1989)
  • Ivan Ceban (12 July 1989 – 29 July 1989)
  • Mircea Snegur (29 July 1989 – 27 April 1990)
  • First Secretaries of the Moldavian Communist Party

  • Piotr Borodin (2 August 1940 – 11 February 1942) (in exile in Russian SFSR from June 1941)
  • Nikita Salogor (13 February 1942 – 5 January 1946) (in exile in Russian SFSR until August 1944) (acting)
  • Nicolae Coval (5 January 1946 – July 1950)
  • Leonid Brezhnev (26 July 1950 – 25 October 1952)
  • Dimitri Gladki (25 October 1952 – 8 February 1954)
  • Zinovie Serdiuk (8 February 1954 – 29 May 1961)
  • Ivan Bodiul (29 May 1961 – 22 December 1980)
  • Semion Grossu (22 December 1980 – 16 December 1989)
  • Petru Lucinschi (16 November 1989 – 5 February 1991)
  • Grigore Eremei (5 February – August 1991)
  • Chairman of the Supreme Soviet

    Party

      PCM

    Republic of Moldova (1991–present)

    Parties

      PDAM   PCRM   PL   PLDM   PDM   PSRM   Independent

    Status

    Living former Presidents

    There are four living former Moldovan Presidents:

    Residence

    The President Palace is located in the Buiucani sector of Chișinău. It was constructed between 1984 and 1987 to the design of architects A. Zalțman and V. Iavorski. The distinctive building was originally the meeting place of the Supreme Soviet of the Moldavian SSR.

    References

    President of Moldova Wikipedia


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