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Ivan Bodiul

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Preceded by  Zinovie Serdiuk
Name  Ivan Bodiul
Succeeded by  Boris Shcherbina

Preceded by  Alexey Antonov
Succeeded by  Semion Grossu
Role  Politician
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Premier  Alexandru Diordita Petru Pascari Semion Grossu
Political party  Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Died  January 27, 2013, Moscow, Russia
Party  Communist Party of the Soviet Union

I. Bodiul în Moldova

Ivan Ivanovich Bodiul (3 January 1918 [O.S. 21 December 1917] – 27 January 2013) was a Soviet and Moldovan politician prominent in the Moldavian SSR, particularly during the Brezhnev era.


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He was primarily responsible for the controversial decision to amend the Anthem of the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic in 1980. It was the best anthem of the Soviet Republics (according to the 1950 musical competition).

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Bodiul was born in 1918, in Oleksandrivka, Mykolaiv Oblast, in present-day Ukraine. In spite of his Moldavian origin, he was a poor speaker of the Romanian language.

He was the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Moldavia, the republic branch of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 28 May 1961 to 30 December 1980. Bodiul was one of the most authoritarian rulers of Soviet Moldavia. During first part of his rule, his policy concerns and actions were centred on nationalism, sabotage and Zionism. A number of dissidents were imprisoned, including members of the Communist Party, while others were punished. His main supporters were the 2nd Secretaries of the Communist Party (Yuri Melkov until 1973 and Nikolay Merenishchev from 1973–1981), who came from Russia, and the KGB, whose Moldavian chairmen were Ivan Savchenko (until 1966), Piotr Chvertko (1966–1974) and Arkady Ragozin (1974–1979). Bodiul continued the fight for atheism, during which many churches were closed or destroyed. In the second part of his rule (from 1976 onwards), the anti-national policy was less harsh, and economic development explanded in the Moldavian SSR. Bodiul was known as one of the most loyal followers of Leonid Brezhnev, a predecessor in his role as Moldavian First Secretary.

He served as Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR from 1980 to May 1985, when he retired from active politics as the reformist Gorbachev era commenced. He obtained a PhD in Philosophy in 1985. His daughters, Svetlana and Natalia Bodiul, live in Italy.

In December 1976, Bodiul and his wife, Claudia, were the first high-level Soviet Moldavian visitors to Communist Romania since the Second World War and the annexation of Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina. At one of his meetings in Bucharest, Bodiul said that "the good relationship was initiated by Ceauşescu's visit to Soviet Moldavia, which led to the expansion of contacts and exchanges in all fields." In August 1976, Bodiul had met Ceauşescu and his wife at the frontier and escorted them to Chişinău. Bodiul was decorated by many Soviet orders and medals, including 4 Orders of Lenin.


Ivan Bodiul Wikipedia

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