| Single-grade order|
December 28, 1920
| No longer awarded|
June 28, 1921
| Soviet citizens and institutions including factories|
Accomplishments in labour, the civil service, literature, the arts and sciences
The Order of the Red Banner of Labour (Russian: Орден Трудового Красного Знамени) was an order of the Soviet Union established to honour great deeds and services to the Soviet state and society in the fields of production, science, culture, literature, the arts, education, health, social and other spheres of labour activities. It is the labour counterpart of the military Order of the Red Banner. A few institutions and factories, being the pride of Soviet Union, also received the order. The Order of the Red Banner of Labour began solely as an award of the Russian SFSR on December 28, 1920. The all-Union equivalent was established by Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet on September 7, 1928 and approved by another decree on September 15, 1928. The Order's statute and regulations were modified by multiple successive decrees of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, on May 7, 1936, on June 19, 1943, on March 28, 1980, and on July 18, 1980.
Order of the Red Banner of Labour Wikipedia
The Order of the Red Banner of Labour can be awarded to citizens of the USSR, to businesses, associations, institutions, organizations, and allied autonomous republics, territories, autonomous regions, districts, cities and other localities; it may also be awarded to persons who are not citizens of the USSR, as well as to enterprises, institutions and organizations located in foreign countries:for great achievements in the development of industry, agriculture, farming, construction, transport and other sectors of the economy, to improve the efficiency of social production;
for the highest growth rates in labour productivity, improved product quality, development and introduction of more advanced manufacturing processes;
for consistently high results in the implementation and overfulfillment of planned assignments and socialist obligations undertaken;
for major advances in increasing the productivity of agricultural crops and the productivity of livestock breeding, increasing manufacturing output and sales of state agricultural products;
for contributions in the development of science and technology, the introduction of the latest achievements in the national economy, for inventions and innovations which are of great technical - economic significance;
for contributions in strengthening national defense;
for very fruitful activities in Soviet culture, literature and the arts;
for contributions in education and communist political education to the younger generations, in highly specialised training, health, trade, catering, housing, utilities, housing, public services;
for special achievements in the development of physical culture and Sports;
for important achievements in the field of state and public activities, the strengthening of socialist legality and the rule of law;
for great achievements in economic, scientific, technical and cultural cooperation between the USSR and other states.
The Order of the Red Banner of Labour could be awarded multiple times to the same recipient for successive deeds and long time merit.
The Order of the Red Banner of Labour was worn on the left side of the chest and in the presence of other awards of the USSR, was located immediately after the Order of the Red Banner. If worn in the presence of Orders or medals of the Russian Federation, the latter have precedence.
The design of the Order of the Red Banner of Labour evolved over the years. Its original design, called "type 1" was amended in 1936, this new variant will be identified as "type 2".
The "type 1" Order consisted of a 38 mm wide by 43 mm high silver badge in the shape of a cogwheel, at center, a disc bordered along its entire outer diameter by panicles of wheat. Protruding from under the lower half of the central disc, a red enamelled triangle pointing downwards. On the central disc in the background, a hydro electric dam, at center, a gilded hammer and sickle, at the top, a waving red banner bearing the inscription "Proletarians of the World, unite!" (Russian: “Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь!”). At the very bottom of the cogwheel, the relief inscription "USSR" (Russian: “СССР”) on a stylised horizontal shield bisected by a smaller cogwheel meshing into the larger one. On the otherwise plain reverse, a recess at center bearing a threaded post, two rivets used to secure the hammer and sickle and the award serial number engraved on the lower portion opposite the "USSR" inscription. The Order was secured to clothing with a threaded screw and nut arrangement. The earlier nuts were 28 mm in diameter, later ones measured 32 mm.
The "type 2" Order also consisted of a silver badge in the shape of a cogwheel, it measured 38 mm wide by 44 mm high. On the lower circumference of the cogwheel, the relief inscription "Proletarians of the World, unite!" (Russian: “Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь!”), below the cogwheel, a red enamelled relief five pointed star superimposed on a shield from which four short panicles of wheat protrude left and right. At the center, a disc surrounded by a gilded wreath of oak leaves bearing the relief image of a hydro electric dam, below the dam, blue enamelled water, at the center of the disc, the gilded hammer and sickle, from the inner left side of the disc, a gilded mast bearing a waving red enamelled banner protruding from the central disc, covering the upper portion of the cogwheel and protruding past its outer upper edge on which "USSR" (Russian: “СССР”) is inscribed in gilded letters. Along the outer circumference of the central disc's wreath, white enamelled slots spaced equally on the cogwheel. On the otherwise plain reverse, a concave recess at center bearing a threaded post, eight rivets (only three rivets on the post 1943 variant) used to secure the various parts to the badge and the award serial number engraved on the lower portion below the recess. The Order was secured to clothing with a threaded screw and a 33 mm in diameter nut until 1943 when it was secured by a ring through the medal suspension loop to a pentagonal mount covered by an overlapping 24 mm wide light blue silk moiré ribbon with 4 mm wide dark blue edge stripes.
The individuals listed below were recipients of the Order of the Red Banner of Labour.
The first recipient of the Order of the Red Banner of Labour of the RSFSR was Nikita Menchukov for saving an important bridge from being destroyed by flowing ice.
Order of the Red Banner of Labour of the USSR number 1 was presented to the Putilov (later Kirov) Works in Leningrad. The first individual awardees were V. Fedetov, A. Shelagin and M. Kyatkovsky for the rescue of a polar expedition.
Mikhail Gorbachev received the Order of the Red Banner of Labour for harvesting a record crop on his family's collective farm in 1949 at age 17, an honor which was very rare for someone so young. He is one of the Order's youngest recipients.Belyaev, Nikolay Maksimovich, founder and head of the optical industry
Protazanov, Alexander Konstantinovich, first secretary of the East Kazakhstan Party organisation
Smelyakov, Nicholaï Nicholaevich, Minister of General Machine Building of the USSR, director of the factory "Red Sormovo"
Green, Arnold Carlovich, Soviet diplomat, Party and State figure
Leontovich, Mikhail Alexandrovich, physicist and academician
Alekseenko, Gennady Vasil'evich, a specialist in the field of energy
Belov, Aleksandr Fedorovich, academician (metallurgy)
Vlasov, Pavel Semenovich, Hero of Socialist Labour, director of the Novosibirsk Chemical Concentrates Plant
Grafov, Leonid Efimovich, Deputy Minister of the Coal Industry
GrishinIvan Timofeevich, Deputy Minister of Foreign Trade
Gundobin, Nikolai Alekseevich, Hero of Socialist Labour, 1st Deputy Minister of Transport of the USSR
Dokukin, Aleksandr Viktorovich, Corresponding Member of the USSR Academy of Sciences
Il'ichev, Leonid Fedorovich, secretary of the CPSU Central Committee
Karlov, Vladimir Alekseevich, Hero of Socialist Labour, department head of the CPSU Central Committee.
Kurchatov, Boris Vasil'evich, doctor of chemical sciences
Maletin, Pavel Andreevich, Deputy Minister of Finance of the USSR (1939-1945, 1960-1969)
Petukhov, Konstantin Dmitrievich, Hero of Socialist Labour, General Director of PEMSO "Dynamo"
Romanov, Alexei Vladimirovich, editor of the newspaper "Soviet Culture"
Sosnov, Ivan Dmitrievich, Minister of Transport Construction of the USSR
Tamara Khanum, People's Artist of USSR (1956), Uzbek dancer
Chibisov, Konstantin, Corresponding Member of USSR Academy of Sciences (1946)
Gamzatov, Rasul Gamzatovich, poet
Revutskyi, Levko Mykolajovych, composer, teacher, and activist
Orujev, Sabit Atayevich, Deputy Prime-minister of Azerbaijan SSR (1957–1959)
Balanchivadze, Andreï Melitonovich, composer
Voss, Augusts Eduardovich, politician and party functionary
Dudinskaya, Natalia Mikhailovna, prima ballerina
Kapp, Eugen Arturovich, composer and music educator
Patriarch Alexy I, patriarch of the Russian Orthodox Church
Ulánova, Galina Sergeyevna, prima ballerina
Chernenko, Konstantin Ustinovich, fifth General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Andropov, Yuri Vladimirovich, fourth General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Frumkin, Alexander Naumovich, electrochemist, Hero of Socialist Labour
Yakovlev, Alexander Nikolaevich, politician and historian
Chukhrai, Grigori Naumovich, film director and screenwriter
Begaliev, Sopubek Begalievich, politician
Kapelyushnikov, Matvei Alkunovich, mechanical engineer, Hero of Socialist Labour
Flyorov, Georgy Nikolayevich, nuclear physicist
Piotrovsky, Boris Borisovich, academician, historian-orientalist and archaeologist
Rasizade, Shamil Alievich, deputy prime-minister of Azerbaijan SSR (1970–1984)
Khalatnikov, Isaak Markovich, physicist
Tupolev, Andrei Nikolayevich, aircraft designer
Feoktistov, Konstantin Petrovich, cosmonaut and eminent space engineer
Khachaturian, Aram Ilyich, composer
Ginzburg, Vitaly Lazarevich, theoretical physicist, astrophysicist, Nobel laureate
Khrennikov, Tikhon Nikolayevich, composer and pianist
Zel'dovich, Yakov Borisovich, physicist
Ryzhkov, Nikolai Ivanovich Ryzhkov, politician
Rodnina, Irina Konstantinovna, Olympic gold medalist figure skater
Züleyxa Seyidməmmədova, fighter pilot
Ilyushin, Vladimir Sergeyevich, test pilot
Vorontsov, Yuli Mikhailovich diplomat and ambassador
Arkady Ilyich Ostashev laureate of the Lenin and state prizes of the, senior test pilot of missiles and space-rocket complexes of OKB-1, the disciple and companion of Sergei Pavlovich Korolev.
Dimitri Venediktov Deputy Health Minister of the USSR
Leila Abashidze, actor and writer
Alexandrov, Pavel Sergeyevich, mathematician
Chernomyrdin, Viktor Stepanovich, Prime Minister of Russia (1992–1998)
Dyomin, Lev Stepanovich, cosmonaut
Ivan Gevorkian, prominent Soviet Armenian surgeon and scientist.
Anatoly Karpov, World Chess Champion
Marcus Klingberg, Israeli scientist and Soviet spy
Kollontai, Alexandra Mikhailovna, first female government minister in Europe, world's first female ambassador in modern times
Jack Littlepage, US mining expert and Soviet Deputy Commissar
Vladimir Lobashev, physicist
Mil, Mikhail Leontyevich, aerospace engineer
Sergei Orlov (sculptor), sculptor and painter
Nicolay Paskevich, painter
Ivan Poddubny, professional wrestler
Primakov, Yevgeny Maksimovich, Speaker of the Soviet of the Union of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union
Rogozov, Leonid, physician who took part in the sixth Soviet Antarctic Expedition in 1960–1961
Arnold Rüütel, ex-president of Estonia
Semyonov, Nikolay Nikolayevich, physicist and chemist
Lyudmila Shevtsova - athlete, Olympic champion and 800 m world record holder
Mikhail Shuisky, opera singer
Shukshin, Vasily Makarovich, actor, writer, screenwriter and film director
Tsukerman, Vladimir Moiseevich, orientologist-practitioner, diplomat in Central Asia and Iran, Head of the Middle Eastern and First Eastern Departments
Yakovlev, Alexander Sergeyevich, aeronautical engineer
Yevtushenko, Yevgeny Aleksandrovich, poet, novelist, essayist, dramatist, screenwriter, actor, editor, and film director
City of Kovrov
Saint Petersburg State University
City of Mykolaiv
City of Podolsk
Bolshevichka clothes factory
Zvyazda state newspaper
East Siberian Railway
National Library of Russia
Kuban State University of Technology
Moscow State University of Fine Chemical Technologies
8th Soviet Rifle Division
Crimean Medical Institute
Kamensk-Uralsky Metallurgical Works, in 1978
Yerevan State University