Siddhesh Joshi

Novokuznetsk

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Country  Russia
Population  547,904 (2010)
Founded  1618
Area  424.3 km²

Novokuznetsk in the past, History of Novokuznetsk

University  Siberian State Industrial University

Map of Novokuznetsk

Novokuznetsk (Russian: Новокузнецк; [nəvəkʊzˈnʲɛtsk]; literally: "new smith's") is a city in Kemerovo Oblast in south-western Siberia, Russia. Population: 547,904 (2010 Census); 549,870 (2002 Census); 599,947 (1989 Census).

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History

Founded in 1618 by men from Tomsk as a Cossack ostrog (fort) on the Tom River, it was initially called Kuznetsky ostrog (Кузне́цкий острог). It became the seat of Kuznetsky Uyezd in 1622. Kuznetsk (Кузне́цк) was granted town status in 1689. It was here that Fyodor Dostoevsky married his first wife, Maria Isayeva (1857). Joseph Stalin's rapid industrialization of the Soviet Union transformed the sleepy town into a major coal mining and industrial center in the 1930s. It merged with Sad Gorod in 1931. In 1931–1932, the city was known as Novokuznetsk and between 1932–1961 as Stalinsk (Ста́линск), after Stalin.

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Novokuznetsk serves as the administrative center of Novokuznetsky District, even though it is not a part of it. As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as Novokuznetsk City Under Oblast Jurisdiction—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts. As a municipal division, Novokuznetsk City Under Oblast Jurisdiction is incorporated as Novokuznetsky Urban Okrug.

City districts

  • Kuybyshevsky
  • Kuznetsky
  • Novoilyinsky
  • Ordzhonikidzevsky
  • Tsentralny
  • Zavodsky
  • Education

  • Siberian State Industrial University
  • Novokuznetsk branch of Kemerovo State University
  • Kuzbass State Pedagogical Academy (at 2013 part NB KSU)
  • State Institute for Physicians Postgraduate Training (also known as Novokuznetsk Postgraduate Physician Institute), Russian Ministry of Health
  • Novokuznetsk Scientific Center of Medicosocial Expert Evaluation and Rehabilitation of Invalids, Federal Agency for Public Health and Social welfare
  • Institute of General Problems of Hygiene and Occupational Diseases, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences
  • Industry

    Novokuznetsk is a heavily industrial city and is located in the heart of the Kuzbass region. Factories in the city include:

  • West-Siberian Metal Plant
  • Novokuznetsk Iron and Steel Plant
  • Sports

    Metallurg Novokuznetsk is an ice hockey team based in Novokuznetsk, playing in the Kontinental Hockey League.The football team of the same name was recently promoted to the Russian first division below the premier .

    RC Novokuznetsk compete in the Professional Rugby League, the highest division of rugby union in Russia.

    Columbus Blue Jackets goaltender Sergei Bobrovsky was born in Novokuznetsk and played his first four professional seasons with Metallurg Novokuznetsk.

    Washington Capitals defenseman Dmitry Orlov was born in Novokuznetsk and started his career with Metallurg Novokuznetsk.

    Transportation

    The main airport is the Spichenkovo Airport. The city is also a major railway junction with both local and long distance trains. Local public transport is provided by trams, buses, and trolleybuses.

    Twin towns and sister cities

    Novokuznetsk is twinned with:

  • Nizhny Tagil, Russia
  • Zaporizhia, Ukraine
  • Pittsburgh, United States
  • Banbury, United Kingdom
  • References

    Novokuznetsk Wikipedia


    Similar Topics
    Novokuznetsk Iron and Steel Plant
    Novokuznetskaya
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