Samiksha Jaiswal (Editor)

Nematocera

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Covid-19
Kingdom  Animalia
Scientific name  Nematocera
Higher classification  Fly
Phylum  Arthropoda
Rank  Suborder

Lower classifications  mosquito, Crane fly, Black fly, Non‑biting midges, Sandflies

Nematocera culicidae


The Nematocera (thread-horns) are a suborder of elongated flies with thin, segmented antennae and mostly aquatic larvae, consisting of the mosquitoes, crane flies, gnats, black flies, and midges.

Contents

Nematocera Diptera Classification The Diptera Site

Nematocera are typically characterized by filamentous, multisegmented antennae which may be plumose in some males.

Examples of the Nematocera include the mosquitoes (Culicidae), crane flies (Tipulidae) and black flies (Simuliidae). Many of the remaining families (especially Mycetophilidae, Anisopodidae, and Sciaridae), are called gnats, while others (especially Chironomidae, Cecidomyiidae, and Ceratopogonidae) are called midges.

Nematocera Nematocera Kenneth Birch Flickr

The larvae are mostly aquatic and have distinct heads with mouthparts that may be modified for filter feeding. The pupae are orthorrhaphous (meaning adults emerge from the pupa through a straight seam in the pupal cuticle). The bodies and legs of the adults are usually elongate, and these flies often have relatively long abdomens.

Nematocera TERRAIN Taranaki Educational Resource Research Analysis

Many species form mating swarms of males, and in some of these, competition for females is extreme. Although many species (as larvae) have a strong association with water, even within a single family there may be a trend toward semiaquatic and terrestrial habitats.

Nematocera phoridnetzadbiwpcontentuploads201302tip4jpg

Nematocera


Families

Nematocera Gordon39s Nematocera Simple Flies Page
  • Anisopodidae – wood gnats or window-gnats
  • Axymyiidae -
  • Bibionidae – march flies and love bugs
  • Blephariceridae – net-winged midges
  • Bolitophilidae -
  • Canthyloscelididae -
  • Cecidomyiidae – gall midges or gall gnats
  • Ceratopogonidae – biting midges
  • Chaoboridae – phantom midges
  • Chironomidae – chironomids or nonbiting midges
  • Corethrellidae -
  • Culicidae – mosquitoes
  • Deuterophlebiidae –
  • Diadocidiidae
  • Ditomyiidae
  • Dixidae
  • Hesperinidae –
  • Keroplatidae
  • Lygistorrhinidae -
  • Mycetophilidae – fungus gnats
  • Nymphomyiidae -
  • Pachyneuridae -
  • Pediciidae -
  • Perissommatidae -
  • Psychodidae – moth flies or drain flies
  • Ptychopteridae – phantom crane flies
  • Rangomaramidae -
  • Scatopsidae – minute black scavenger flies or dung midges
  • Sciaridae – dark-winged fungus gnats
  • Simuliidae – black flies
  • Tanyderidae -
  • Thaumaleidae -
  • Tipulidae – crane flies
  • Trichoceridae – winter crane flies

  • Nematocera Dipterainfo Discussion Forum Nematocera Tenerife 032013

    References

    Nematocera Wikipedia


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