| 121,733 (2010)|
Neftekamsk (Russian: Нефтека́мск; Bashkir: Нефтекама Neftekama) is a city in the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia, located in the northwest of the republic on the Kama River, 220 kilometers (140 mi) from the republic's capital Ufa. It is a large industrial and cultural center of the republic. Population: 121,733 (2010 Census); 122,290 (2002 Census); 106,801 (1989 Census).
The city is named after the Kama River and petroleum (нефть, neft in Russian).
The city's territory borders with Krasnokamsky and Yanaulsky Districts of the republic. A road network connects the town to Ufa, Birsk, Yanaul, Agidel, Oktyabrsky, Izhevsk, Perm, and Kazan. The nearest railway station for long distance trains is located in Amzya, 15 kilometers (9.3 mi) away. There is a local train connecting Neftekamsk with Yanaul via Amzya. Neftekamsk Airport serves the city.
It was founded in 1957 after the discovery of an oil field in Krasnokamsky District. Town status was granted to it in 1963.
Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with seven rural localities, incorporated as the city of republic significance of Neftekamsk—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts. As a municipal division, the city of republic significance of Neftekamsk is incorporated as Neftekamsk Urban Okrug.
The city ranks fourth in population in the republic after Ufa, Sterlitamak, and Salavat.
Principal place of business of the city Neftekamsk Automotive Plant ,which is one of the major producers of passenger buses in Russia.