The city has a pre-historic past. Due to the presence of the lake, the area has fossil remains with imprints of a large variety of aquatic plants and animals, and amphibian life, which were supported by that environment. As it was a part of the Punjab region, it had many rivers nearby where the ancient and primitive settlement by humans began. Some 8,000 years ago, the area was also known to be a home to the Harappans.
Mohali is name of village which means settlement. The village was a part of Sikh Empire.
The village Lambian located in city, was visited by Guru Har Rai, 7th Guru of Sikhs. A historical battle also took place between British and 500 Sikhs under the command of Akali Hanuman Singh, where Akali attained martyrdom.
After the partition of India in 1947, the former British province of Punjab was also split between (mostly Hindu) east Punjab in India and (mostly Muslim) west Punjab in Pakistan. The Indian Punjab required a new capital city to replace Lahore, which became part of Pakistan during partition. Consequently, the government carved out Chandigarh of nearly 50 Pwadhi speaking villages of the then state of East Punjab, India.
Mohali was conceived after the trifurcation of Punjab and its capital Chandigarh becoming a Union Territory in the late 1960s. In 1967, area around Mohali Village was initially developed as an industrial estate; which was expanded with residential area to meet housing demands. The township plan for Mohali was put forward by All India Congress Committee during annual session held in 1975 at Mohali. Then, it was renamed Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar.
Mohali and Chandigarh are contiguous areas with only the boundary of Punjab and UT of Chandigarh dividing this area. The original plan of Mohali is in fact a mere extension of the road and 800 by 1200 Mt. sector design system of Chandigarh without any unique planning. The first 11 sectors in Mohali are popularly known as Phases. Earlier development was only till Phase VII. The development of sectors and phases from Phase 8 onwards started in the late 1980s, and the city got its own bus stand in Phase 8 in the mid 1990s. Some sectors share both with Chandigarh and Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar like 48, 51, 52, 54 and 56 onwards all fall in Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar Region.
The region has been targeted by an increasing number of outsourcing IT companies, who look to capitalize on the rich investment opportunities the city offers.
In GMADA master plan, the city is extended up to 127 Sectors which include nearby villages like Bakarpur, Thaska, Manana, Tapauli, Behlol, Sihanpur, Jandpur, Daun, Bar Majra, Balongi, Ballo Majra, Desumajra, Chajju Majra, Harlalpur, Jhungian, Chaparchiri, Santemajra, Khuni Majra, Kailon, Landran, Bhago Majra, Raipur Kalan, Bairampur, Manakmajra, Sukhgarh, Sambalki, Saneta, Bathlana, Pattlin, Kurari, Siaun, Kishanpura, Naraingarh, Matran, Bari, Dyalpur, Shafipur, Landiali, Jheureri, Kandala, Alipur etc. including the Aerocity, which is a gateway to Shaheed Bhagat Singh International Airport.
Mohali and Panchkula (adjoining Chandigarh to its East and in Haryana) are two satellite cities of Chandigarh. The trio of these three cities is collectively known as Chandigarh Tricity. Panchkula is a planned city in Panchkula District, Haryana, India. The Union Territory of Chandigarh along with its two satellite cities - Panchkula and Mohali - is collectively called as the Chandigarh Tricity.
The PUDA Bhawan official headquarters of the Punjab Urban Planning and Development Authority, initiated by KBS Sidhu, an IAS officer, signifies the towering role of PUDA vis-a-vis Ajitgarh. Now, PUDA's functions of planning and urban development have been transferred to the Greater Mohali Area Development Authority (GMADA). Earlier, the DC of Ajitgarh served as its Chief Administrator. Now a separate and full-time IAS officer has been appointed to the post.
Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar has a sub-tropical continental monsoon climate characterized by a seasonal rhythm: hot summers, slightly cold winters, unreliable rainfall and great variation in temperature (−1 to 44 °C or 30 to 111 °F). In winter, frost sometimes occurs during December and January. The average annual rainfall is recorded at 617 millimetres (24.3 in). The city also receives occasional winter rains from the west.Summer: The temperature in summer may rise to a maximum of 47 °C (117 °F) @2014. Temperatures generally remain between 30 and 40 °C (86 and 104 °F).
Autumn: In autumn, the temperature may rise to a maximum of 36 °C (97 °F). Temperatures usually remain between 16 and 27 °C (61 and 81 °F) in autumn. The minimum temperature is around 13 °C (55 °F).
Winter: Average temperatures in winter (November to February) remain at (maximum) 7 to 15 °C (45 to 59 °F) and (minimum) 1 and 5 °C (34 and 41 °F).
Spring: spring temperatures vary between (min) 16 and 25 °C (61 and 77 °F) (max).
As per 2011 census Mohali's urban agglomeration had a population of 176,152, out of which males were 92,407 and females were 83,745. The literacy rate was 93.04 per cent. The sex ratio of Mohali is 906 females over 1000 males.
Sikhism is the majority religion in Mohali which is followed by more than 60% of the people. Hinduism is the second most followed religion which is adhered by 35.55% of the people. Minorities are Muslims, Christians, Buddhists and Jains.
The Deputy Commissioner, an officer belonging to the Indian Administrative Service, is the overall in-charge of the General Administration in the Districts of India. Currently Tejinder Pal Singh Sidhu is serving as Deputy Commissioner. The civic administration in Mohali under Municipal Corporation(established 1984), a body of elected councilors and is headed by a Commissioner chosen from the elected members.
Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar is a Municipal Corporation, with Kulwant Singh as the first Mayor since August 2015. The district administration is under the supervision of Current Administrator Tejinder Pal Singh Sidhu, Deputy Commissioner (IAS). Ajitgarh is part of Anandpur Sahib Parliamentary Constituency, currently represented by Prem Singh Chandumajra while in Punjab Legislative Assembly, Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar is represented since 2012 by MLA Balbir Singh Sidhu from Congress. Prior to 2012, Ajitgarh was part of the Kharar Assembly Constituency. In the 2012 Punjab Legislative Assembly election, a new Assembly Constituency was carved out in the name of Mohali (as Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar was known during Assembly Elections 2012). Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar is also represented in Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee (SGPC) by Paramjit Kaur Landran and Hardeep Singh. The seat was reserved for women during 2011 SGPC Elections.
The main bus stand of city is located in Sector 62 (Phase 8), where many private bus operators provide services within different cities of the state. Chandigarh Transport Undertaking (CTU) provides bus connectivity with the rest of the Tricity. C&C Mohali Junction is an integrated Project: Mall with 10 Screen Multiplex, Corporate Offices, Hotel Hyatt Place & India’s 1st Air Conditioned Inter State Bus terminus all under 1 Roof .There will be automatic footfalls for the Mall as there would be 60,000 people per day from the ISBT alone besides the footfalls from Corporate offices, the Hotel and the Mall itself. Entertainment will be at its best with 10 Screen VIP Multiplex by Cinépolis & Play Areas. Also with Multi-Level Fully Automated Car Parking. The business Hotel will be The Hyatt Place with 150 Rooms, Roof top Swimming Pool, Spa and Restaurant. This will be tallest building in the region with a helipad, 100% power back-up, internet & Wi-Fi facilities.
Auto-rickshaws ply throughout the city.
Mohali Railway Station is situated in Industrial Area, Phase 9 and connects the city with several important locations in the region such as Delhi, Ludhiana and Amritsar, as well as other parts of the country.
The Terminal of Chandigarh International Airport is located in Mohali. Domestic flights are available to Delhi, Chennai, Mumbai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Leh, Pune and Srinagar. International flights are available to Sharjah and Dubai. Flights to Bangkok will be available from May 2017.
There are many state-local companies like PTL (Punjab Tractor Limited), ICI Paints, and the Godrej Group, its reputation as a home for large, multinational corporations is growing. Global tech giants like Quark, and Philips have followed.
Denver-based Quark, Inc. has created the $500M, 46-acre (190,000 m2) QuarkCity in Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar, complete with a residential complex comprising 30% of the 'city'; the shopping, entertainment, medical, and educational district consume another 10%. It is expected to generate 25,000 direct, and 100,000 indirect jobs.
QuarkCity is a 51-acre (210,000 m2), multi-use development city that includes a Special Economic Zone (SEZ). QuarkCity is located in the district, 265 km (165 mi) north of India’s capital city of New Delhi.
Mohali is going to emerge as the sports hub town of Punjab having around 8 multipurpose complexes equipped with facilities for sports including Swimming, Table Tennis, Athletics, Volleyball, Badminton, Tennis etc. It already has the International Cricket and Hockey Stadium.
In 1990, the Punjab Cricket Association (PCA) unveiled a plan to build a state-of-the-art facility complete with a separate practise ground—to be built in a swampy area in the city. The PCA invested heavily in the ground, a swimming pool, health club, tennis court, library, restaurant, and bar and outdoor & indoor cricket practice nets were incorporated into the plans.
The construction of the stadium took around INR 25 crore and 3 years to complete. The stadium has an official capacity of 30000 spectators. The stadium was designed by Arun Loomba and Associates, Panchkula and constructed by R.S. Construction Company, Chandigarh. The lights here are unconventional compared to other cricket stadiums, in that the light pillars are very low in height. This is to avoid aircraft from the nearby airport colliding with the light pillars. The stream passing through the central part of Chandigarh, called N Choe, also passes alongside the stadium.
PCA stadium is home of Kings XI Punjab (IPL Mohali franchisee). The current pitch curator for the PCA Stadium is Daljit Singh and the design consultant is Ar. Sufyan Ahmad.
Mohali sports news, political news, entertainment news, crime news and more. Amar Ujala is the leading newspaper in Punjab, Mohali district.
The city has the International Hockey Stadium which serves as the home ground for the hockey club, Punjab Warriors, of Hockey India League.
Places of tourist interest in and around this region include the following:
Gurudwara Amb Sahib is a historical shrine situated in Sector 62, Mohali commemorates visit of 7th Guru of Sikhs, Guru Har Rai. The place also commemorates meeting of Guru Har Rai with his famous Sikh Bhai Kuram, a Labana trader. This shrine is managed by SGPC, Amritsar.
Gurdwara Mata Sunder Kaur is another historical Sikh Shrine situated in Sector 70, Mohali. It commemorates visit of Mata Sundri, along with Baba Deep Singh and Bhai Mani Singh. This shrine is managed by Buddha Dal.
This shrine is situated in village Sohana, close to Sector 70 constructed in memory of the martyrdom of Jathedar Baba Hanuman Singh, a Nihang Jathedar. He, along with 500 Sikhs, attained martyrdom at this place in a battle against British forces during the Anglo-Sikh Wars.
The Fateh Burj (English: The Victory Tower; Punjabi: ਫਤਿਹ ਬੁਰਜ) is the tallest victory tower in the city of Mohali, Punjab, India. The 328 ft tower is dedicated to the establishment of Sikh rule in India in 1711. It is also known as Baba Banda Singh Bahadur War Memorial.Rose Garden, Phase 3B2
Bougainvillea Garden, Phase 4
Silvy Park, Phase 10
Valley Park, Phase 8
Musical Fountain Park, Sector 70
City park, sector 68
Main Market, Phase - 7, Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar
Main Market, Phase - 3, Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar
Main Market, Phase - 1, Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar
Punjab Cricket Association Stadium, Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar
International Hockey Stadium, Phase-9
Gurudwara Angitha Sahib, Phase - 8
Sikh Ajaibghar, Sector 119, Village Balongi,Village Bar Majra
North Country Mall, Kharar
Gurudwara Nabha Sahib - Zirakpur
There are number of educational institutes including Schools, Colleges and Universities in Ajitgarh city and district. Following is list of some:Yadavindra Public School,Mohali is the biggest school of the tricity . ( In photo )
Universal Group of Institutions, Lalru, Mohali
Chandigarh University, Gharuan
Indian School of Business (ISB), Sector 81: The Indian School of Business provides Post-Graduate programme (PGP) across two locations – Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar and Hyderabad. The city campus is spread across 70 acres, facilitating education to 200 students.
Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Mohali (IISER), Knowledge City
National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (NIPER)
Army Institute Of Law Sector 68, adjacent AWHO
CMC (A TATA ENT.) Subsidiary Of Tata Consultancy Services (TCS), at Phase 10 Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar
Mata Sahib Kaur College of Nursing, Chandigarh-Kharar Highway, Balongi, Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar (MSKCON)
Shaheed Udham Singh College of Engineering & Technology, Tangori, Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar
Chandigarh Engineering College (CEC),Landran
Chandigarh College of Education (CCE), Landran
CGC College of Engineering (CGCCOE), Landran
Chandigarh College of Pharmacy (CCP), Landran
Chandigarh College of Hotel Management and Catering Technology (CCHM),Landran
Chandigarh Business School(CBS),Landran
Chandigarh College of Hospitality,(CCH),Landran
Punjab college of Engineering & Technology
GGS College of Modern Technology, Kharar
SAS Institute of Information Technology and Research (SASIITR)
C-DAC, that is engaged in research on state-of-the-art topics including Telemedicine.
The British School, Sector 70. Affiliated with University of Cambridge International Examination Centre and C.B.S.E., Delhi
ISB, Sector-66, Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar
Shivalik Public School, Mohali, Sector-56
Anee's School, Sector-69, Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar
Gian Jyoti Public School, Phase 2, Mohali
The city has a number of speciality hospitals. Government dispensaries also are present in some sectors. Government Hospital Of Phase-6 is oldest Hospital of the city.
The city has many multi-facility private hospitals like the Max Super Speciality Hospital, Fortis Hospital, Silver Oak Hospital, Ivy Hospital, Indus Super Speciality Hospital, Cheema Medical Complex, Mukat Hospital and Heart institute, Cosmo Hospital, Amar Hospital, Grecian Super Speciality Hospital, Sohana Hospital, Ace Heart and Vascular Institute, SGHS Hospitals,AM Hospital, ESI Hospital & Regional Spinal Injury Center (Sector 70). Big pharmacy stores like City Medicos are situated near Fortis and Silver Oaks hospital where one can get all the medicines.