Neha Patil (Editor)

Miyagi Prefecture

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Covid-19
Country  Japan
Island  Honshu
ISO 3166 code  JP-04
Area  7,285 km²
Region  Tōhoku
Area rank  17th
Districts  10
Capital  Sendai
Miyagi Prefecture wwwjapanguidecomg10prefecturemiyagitopjpg
Weather  1°C, Wind N at 26 km/h, 81% Humidity
Population  2.303 million (31 Mar 2012)
Destinations  Sendai, Matsushima, Zaō, Naruko, Miyagi
Clubs and Teams  Vegalta Sendai, Tohoku Rakuten Golden Eagles
Points of interest  Aoba Castle, Miyagi Baseball Stadium, Ōsaki Hachimangū, Sendai City Museum, Sendai Umino‑Mori Aquarium
Colleges and Universities  Tohoku University, Tohoku Gakuin University, Miyagi University of Educati, Miyagi University, Miyagi Gakuin Women's

Tsunami in ishinomaki miyagi prefecture japan


Miyagi Prefecture (宮城県, Miyagi-ken) is a prefecture of Japan in the Tōhoku region on Honshu island. The capital is Sendai.

Contents

Map of Miyagi Prefecture, Japan

Tsunami in shiogama miyagi prefecture


History

Miyagi Prefecture was formerly part of the province of Mutsu. Mutsu Province, on northern Honshu, was one of the last provinces to be formed as land was taken from the indigenous Emishi, and became the largest as it expanded northward. The ancient capital was at Taga-jō in modern Miyagi Prefecture.

In the third month of second year of the Wadō era (709), there was an uprising against governmental authority in Mutsu Province and in nearby Echigo Province. Troops were promptly dispatched to subdue the revolt.

In Wadō 5 (712), the land of Mutsu Province was administratively separated from Dewa Province. Empress Genmei's Daijō-kan continued to organize other cadastral changes in the provincial map of the Nara period, as in the following year when Mimasaka Province was divided from Bizen Province; Hyūga Province was sundered from Ōsumi Province; and Tanba Province was severed from Tango Province.

During the Sengoku period various clans ruled different parts of the province. The Uesugi clan had a castle town at Wakamatsu in the south, the Nanbu clan at Morioka in the north, and Date Masamune, a close ally of the Tokugawa, established Sendai, which is now the largest town of the Tōhoku region.

In the Meiji period, four new provinces were created from parts of Mutsu: Rikuchū, Rikuzen, Iwaki, and Iwashiro.

The area that is now Aomori Prefecture continued to be part of Mutsu until the abolition of the han system and the nationwide conversion to the prefectural structure of modern Japan.

Date Masamune built a castle at Sendai as his seat to rule Mutsu. In 1871, Sendai Prefecture was formed. It was renamed Miyagi prefecture the following year.

2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami

On March 11, 2011, a 9.0 magnitude earthquake and a subsequent major tsunami hit Miyagi Prefecture, causing major damage to the area. The tsunami was estimated to be approximately 10 meters high in Miyagi Prefecture.

On April 7, 2011: 7.4-magnitude earthquake strikes off coast of Miyagi, Japan, Japan's meteorological agency says. Workers were then evacuated from the nearby troubled Fukushima-Daiichi nuclear facility once again, as a tsunami warning was issued for the coastline. Residents were told to flee for inner land at this time.

Officials from the U.S. Geological Survey later downgraded the magnitude to 7.1 from 7.4.

In 2013, Crown Prince Naruhito and Crown Princess Masako visited the prefecture to see the progress made since the tsunami.

Geography

Miyagi Prefecture is in the central part of Tōhoku, facing the Pacific Ocean, and contains Tōhoku's largest city, Sendai. There are high mountains on the west and along the northeast coast, but the central plain around Sendai is fairly large.

Matsushima is known as one of the three most scenic views of Japan, with a bay full of 260 small islands covered in pine groves.

Oshika Peninsula projects from the northern coastline of the prefecture.

As of 1 April 2012, 23% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Rikuchū Kaigan National Park; Kurikoma, Minami Sanriku Kinkasan, and Zaō Quasi-National Parks; and Abukuma Keikoku, Asahiyama, Funagata Renpō, Futakuchi Kyōkoku, Kenjōsan Mangokuura, Kesennuma, Matsushima, and Zaō Kōgen Prefectural Natural Parks.

Cities

Fourteen cities are located in Miyagi Prefecture:

  • Sendai - the largest and the capital city of the prefecture.
  • Towns and villages

    These are the towns and villages in each district:

    Economy

    Although Miyagi has a good deal of fishing and agriculture, producing a great deal of rice and livestock, it is dominated by the manufacturing industries around Sendai, particularly electronics, appliances, and food processing.

    As of March 2011, the prefecture produced 4.7% of Japan's rice, 23% of oysters, and 15.9% of sauries.

    In July 2011, the Japanese government decided to ban all shipments of beef cattle from northeast Miyagi Prefecture over fears of radioactive contamination. This has since been rescinded.

    University

  • Miyagi University
  • Miyagi University of Education
  • Miyagi Gakuin Women's University
  • Sendai University
  • Sendai Shirayuri Women's College
  • Tohoku University
  • Tohoku Gakuin University
  • Tohoku Bunka Gakuen University
  • Tohoku Institute of Technology
  • Tohoku Fukushi University
  • Tohoku Seikatsu Bunka College
  • Tohoku Pharmaceutical University
  • Shokei Gakuin University
  • Ishinomaki Senshu University
  • Rail

  • JR East
  • Tohoku Shinkansen
  • Tohoku Line
  • Joban Line
  • Senseki Line
  • Senzan Line
  • Ishinomaki Line
  • Rikuu East Line
  • Ofunato Line
  • Sendai Municipal Subway
  • Nanboku Line
  • Tozai Line
  • Abukuma Express
  • Sendai Airport Line
  • Expressways and toll roads

  • Tohoku Expressway
  • Yamagata Expressway
  • Sanriku Expressway
  • Sendai East Road
  • Sendai North Road
  • Sendai South Road
  • National highways

  • National Route 4 (Nihonbashi of Tokyo–Kasukabe–Utsunomiya–Koriyama–Sendai–Furukawa–Ichinoseki–Morioka–Towada–Aomori)
  • National Route 6 (Nihonbashi of Tokyo–Mito–Iwaki–Soma–Sendai)
  • National Route 45 (Sendai–Ishinomaki–Ofunato–Kamaishi–Kuji–Hachinohe–Towada)
  • National Route 47 (Furukawa–Narugo–Shinjyo–Sakata)
  • National Route 48 (Sendai–Yamagata)
  • National Route 108
  • National Route 113
  • National Route 286
  • National Route 342
  • National Route 346
  • National Route 347
  • National Route 349
  • National Route 398
  • National Route 399
  • National Route 456
  • National Route 457
  • Ports

  • Sendai Port – Ferry route to Tomakomai, Hokkaido and Nagoya, container hub port
  • Ishinomaki Port – Ferry route to Mount Kinka, Tashiro Island and Tashiro Island.
  • Matsushima Bay
  • Airports

  • Sendai Airport
  • Sports

    The sports teams listed below are based in Miyagi Prefecture.

  • Baseball
  • Tohoku Rakuten Golden Eagles (Miyagi Baseball Stadium, Sendai)
  • Tohoku Reia
  • Football (soccer)
  • Vegalta Sendai (Yurtec Stadium Sendai, Sendai)
  • Sony Sendai F.C. (Yurtec Stadium Sendai, Sendai)
  • Vegalta Sendai Ladies (Yurtec Stadium Sendai, Sendai)
  • Basketball
  • Sendai 89ERS (Sendai Gymnasium, Sendai)
  • Volleyball
  • Sendai Bellefille
  • Futsal
  • Voscuore Sendai
  • Professional wrestling
  • Sendai Girls' Pro Wrestling
  • Also, the Sendai Hi-Land Raceway hosts motorsport road races.

    Visitor attractions

    Sendai was the castle town of the daimyo Date Masamune. The remains of Sendai Castle stand on a hill above the city.

    Miyagi Prefecture boasts one of Japan's three greatest sights. Matsushima, the pine-clad islands, dot the waters off the coast of the prefecture.

    The following are also noted as attractions:

    Famous festivals and events

  • Sendai New Year's traditional Sale on January 2
  • Shiroishi Kokeshi Exhibition, May 3–5
  • Aoba Festival, Suzume Odori traditional Japanese dance event in May
  • Shiogama Port Festival in July
  • Sendai Tanabata Festival, August 6–8
  • Narugo Kokeshi Festival in September
  • Sendai Pageant of Starlight in December
  • References

    Miyagi Prefecture Wikipedia


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