Miyagi Prefecture was formerly part of the province of Mutsu. Mutsu Province, on northern Honshu, was one of the last provinces to be formed as land was taken from the indigenous Emishi, and became the largest as it expanded northward. The ancient capital was at Taga-jō in modern Miyagi Prefecture.
In the third month of second year of the Wadō era (709), there was an uprising against governmental authority in Mutsu Province and in nearby Echigo Province. Troops were promptly dispatched to subdue the revolt.
In Wadō 5 (712), the land of Mutsu Province was administratively separated from Dewa Province. Empress Genmei's Daijō-kan continued to organize other cadastral changes in the provincial map of the Nara period, as in the following year when Mimasaka Province was divided from Bizen Province; Hyūga Province was sundered from Ōsumi Province; and Tanba Province was severed from Tango Province.
During the Sengoku period various clans ruled different parts of the province. The Uesugi clan had a castle town at Wakamatsu in the south, the Nanbu clan at Morioka in the north, and Date Masamune, a close ally of the Tokugawa, established Sendai, which is now the largest town of the Tōhoku region.
In the Meiji period, four new provinces were created from parts of Mutsu: Rikuchū, Rikuzen, Iwaki, and Iwashiro.
The area that is now Aomori Prefecture continued to be part of Mutsu until the abolition of the han system and the nationwide conversion to the prefectural structure of modern Japan.
Date Masamune built a castle at Sendai as his seat to rule Mutsu. In 1871, Sendai Prefecture was formed. It was renamed Miyagi prefecture the following year.
On March 11, 2011, a 9.0 magnitude earthquake and a subsequent major tsunami hit Miyagi Prefecture, causing major damage to the area. The tsunami was estimated to be approximately 10 meters high in Miyagi Prefecture.
On April 7, 2011: 7.4-magnitude earthquake strikes off coast of Miyagi, Japan, Japan's meteorological agency says. Workers were then evacuated from the nearby troubled Fukushima-Daiichi nuclear facility once again, as a tsunami warning was issued for the coastline. Residents were told to flee for inner land at this time.
Officials from the U.S. Geological Survey later downgraded the magnitude to 7.1 from 7.4.
In 2013, Crown Prince Naruhito and Crown Princess Masako visited the prefecture to see the progress made since the tsunami.
Miyagi Prefecture is in the central part of Tōhoku, facing the Pacific Ocean, and contains Tōhoku's largest city, Sendai. There are high mountains on the west and along the northeast coast, but the central plain around Sendai is fairly large.
Matsushima is known as one of the three most scenic views of Japan, with a bay full of 260 small islands covered in pine groves.
Oshika Peninsula projects from the northern coastline of the prefecture.
As of 1 April 2012, 23% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Rikuchū Kaigan National Park; Kurikoma, Minami Sanriku Kinkasan, and Zaō Quasi-National Parks; and Abukuma Keikoku, Asahiyama, Funagata Renpō, Futakuchi Kyōkoku, Kenjōsan Mangokuura, Kesennuma, Matsushima, and Zaō Kōgen Prefectural Natural Parks.
Fourteen cities are located in Miyagi Prefecture:Sendai - the largest and the capital city of the prefecture.
These are the towns and villages in each district:
Although Miyagi has a good deal of fishing and agriculture, producing a great deal of rice and livestock, it is dominated by the manufacturing industries around Sendai, particularly electronics, appliances, and food processing.
As of March 2011, the prefecture produced 4.7% of Japan's rice, 23% of oysters, and 15.9% of sauries.
In July 2011, the Japanese government decided to ban all shipments of beef cattle from northeast Miyagi Prefecture over fears of radioactive contamination. This has since been rescinded.Miyagi University
Miyagi University of Education
Miyagi Gakuin Women's University
Sendai Shirayuri Women's College
Tohoku Gakuin University
Tohoku Bunka Gakuen University
Tohoku Institute of Technology
Tohoku Fukushi University
Tohoku Seikatsu Bunka College
Tohoku Pharmaceutical University
Shokei Gakuin University
Ishinomaki Senshu University
Rikuu East Line
Sendai Municipal Subway
Sendai Airport Line
Sendai East Road
Sendai North Road
Sendai South Road
National Route 4 (Nihonbashi of Tokyo–Kasukabe–Utsunomiya–Koriyama–Sendai–Furukawa–Ichinoseki–Morioka–Towada–Aomori)
National Route 6 (Nihonbashi of Tokyo–Mito–Iwaki–Soma–Sendai)
National Route 45 (Sendai–Ishinomaki–Ofunato–Kamaishi–Kuji–Hachinohe–Towada)
National Route 47 (Furukawa–Narugo–Shinjyo–Sakata)
National Route 48 (Sendai–Yamagata)
National Route 108
National Route 113
National Route 286
National Route 342
National Route 346
National Route 347
National Route 349
National Route 398
National Route 399
National Route 456
National Route 457
Sendai Port – Ferry route to Tomakomai, Hokkaido and Nagoya, container hub port
Ishinomaki Port – Ferry route to Mount Kinka, Tashiro Island and Tashiro Island.
The sports teams listed below are based in Miyagi Prefecture.Baseball
Tohoku Rakuten Golden Eagles (Miyagi Baseball Stadium, Sendai)
Vegalta Sendai (Yurtec Stadium Sendai, Sendai)
Sony Sendai F.C. (Yurtec Stadium Sendai, Sendai)
Vegalta Sendai Ladies (Yurtec Stadium Sendai, Sendai)
Sendai 89ERS (Sendai Gymnasium, Sendai)
Sendai Girls' Pro Wrestling
Also, the Sendai Hi-Land Raceway hosts motorsport road races.
Sendai was the castle town of the daimyo Date Masamune. The remains of Sendai Castle stand on a hill above the city.
Miyagi Prefecture boasts one of Japan's three greatest sights. Matsushima, the pine-clad islands, dot the waters off the coast of the prefecture.
The following are also noted as attractions:Sendai New Year's traditional Sale on January 2
Shiroishi Kokeshi Exhibition, May 3–5
Aoba Festival, Suzume Odori traditional Japanese dance event in May
Shiogama Port Festival in July
Sendai Tanabata Festival, August 6–8
Narugo Kokeshi Festival in September
Sendai Pageant of Starlight in December