Mikhail Sergeyevich Kolyada was born on 18 February 1995 in Saint Petersburg, Russia. He has three younger siblings. He is enrolled at the Lesgaft National State University of Physical Education, Sport and Health.
Coach Valentina Chebotareva invited Kolyada to join her group when he was five, after observing him at a small rink.
Kolyada began competing on the ISU Junior Grand Prix (JGP) series in 2011. In 2013, he won the Russian Junior Championships and was assigned to the World Junior Championships where he finished 6th.
In the 2013–14 season, Kolyada won silver and bronze medals on the JGP series, becoming the first alternate for the JGP Final. After placing sixth in the short program at the senior Russian Championships, he withdrew from the free skate, unable to fix a problem with his boot laces.
Kolyada fractured his right ankle in August 2014, leading to two surgeries and five months off the ice. He withdrew from the 2014 Rostelecom Cup, which would have been his Grand Prix debut, and the 2015 Russian Championships. In March 2015, he won gold at the Gardena Spring Trophy.
In the 2015–16 season, Kolyada finished third in the Challenger Series (CS) rankings after winning silver at the 2015 Ondrej Nepela Trophy and bronze at the 2015 Ice Challenge. Skating in his first Grand Prix competition, he placed 5th at the 2015 Rostelecom Cup in November. The following month, he won the silver medal at the Russian Championships in Yekaterinburg.
In January 2016, Kolyada placed 9th in the short program, third in the free skate, and fifth overall at the European Championships in Bratislava, Slovakia. From 30 March to 1 April, he competed at the 2016 World Championships in Boston. Ranked sixth in the short and fifth in the free, he finished fourth overall.
Kolyada started his season by placing 4th at the 2016 CS Finlandia Trophy and 2016 Rostelecom Cup. His next Grand Prix assignment is the 2016 NHK Trophy. In December 2016, he won the Russian national title. At the 2017 European Championships he won the bronze medal behind Javier Fernández and Maxim Kovtun. He placed 4th in the short program and 3rd in the free skate. In the free program he fell on a quad Lutz, but the jump was counted as fully rotated. At the 2017 World Championships he placed 7th in the short program and 9th in the free skate, finishing 8th overall. At the 2017 World Team Trophy he placed 4th in the short program, and 5th in the free skate with Team Russia finishing 2nd place overall. In the Free skate and attempted a quad Lutz but fell on the landing although the jump was counted as fully rotated.
Kolyada started his season at 2017 CS Ondrej Nepela Trophy, earning 66.65 points and finishing 10th in the short program with a fall on a quad Lutz and on a triple toeloop, as well as a singling his Axel, which was invalidated. In the free skate he landed his first quad lutz in international competition, and earned 181.16 points for his free skate, 247.81 points overall, placing first and winning the gold medal.
GP: Grand Prix; CS: Challenger Series; JGP: Junior Grand Prix
Small medals for short and free programs awarded only at ISU Championships.