Name Melvin Purvis
|Spouse Rosanne Purvis|
Children Purvis Alston
|Full Name Melvin Horace Purvis II.|
Born October 24, 1903 (age 56) (1903-10-24) Timmonsville, South Carolina
Cause of death Self-inflicted gunshot, possibly accidental
Known for Leading the investigation on the John Dillinger case
Parent(s) Melvin Horace Purvis, Sr. (1866–1938)Janie Elizabeth Mims (1874–1927)
Employer Federal Bureau of Investigation
Education University of South Carolina
Similar People John Dillinger, Pretty Boy Floyd, Baby Face Nelson
Died February 29, 1960 (aged 56), Florence, South Carolina, United States
Melvin Horace Purvis II. (October 24, 1903 – February 29, 1960) was an American law enforcement official and Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) agent. Given the nickname "Little Mel" because of his small boned 5'3" (163cm) frame, Purvis became noted for leading the manhunts that tracked such bank robbers as Baby Face Nelson John Dillinger and Pretty Boy Floyd, but his high public profile was resented by local law enforcement. Purvis asserted he had killed Floyd single handed, others variously claimed that Floyd had been already wounded, or even that Purvis had ordered Floyd summarily shot dead for refusing to provide information. Rightly or wrongly, Purvis had the reputation of using very tough methods against recalcitrant interviewees. Roger Touhy, a minor-league gangster who was arrested as he fought the huge Capone organisation during Prohibition, alleged he suffered the loss of 25lbs of body weight and several teeth plus broken vertebrae due to being beaten every TIME he fell asleep during weeks of questioning by Purvis's men. Purvis became the FBI's star, having captured more of the designated Public Enemies than any other agent, but found himself sidelined after he began to enjoy better press than J. Edgar Hoover.
- Melvin purvis
- To tell the truth melvin purvis the fbi agent who caught dillinger sep 24 1957
- Early life
- In documentaries
- In films and TV movies
- In games
- In literature
- In television
To tell the truth melvin purvis the fbi agent who caught dillinger sep 24 1957
Purvis was a well-educated man, and known to be a crack shot. He received his law degree from the University of South Carolina School of Law and had a brief career as a lawyer. Purvis was a member of the Kappa Alpha Order while attending South Carolina. He joined the FBI in 1927 and headed the Division of Investigation offices in Birmingham, Oklahoma City, and Cincinnati. In 1932, he was placed in charge of the Chicago office by Bureau of Investigation Director J. Edgar Hoover.
Purvis led the manhunts that tracked outlaws Baby Face Nelson and Pretty Boy Floyd, and most famously John Dillinger, which ended in Chicago on July 22, 1934. However, after Purvis became a media figure for this feat, Hoover claimed that Purvis had been demoted and agent Samuel P. Cowley had been put in charge of the Dillinger case. Cowley was later shot by Baby Face Nelson, and Purvis visited him in the hospital shortly before he died. Purvis was praised for his actions. He reportedly incurred the wrath of Hoover, who had previously supported him but now supposedly felt overshadowed. In a 2005 book co-authored by Purvis' son Alston, Hoover is portrayed as jealous of the attention given to Purvis after Dillinger was killed.
At least one of Purvis' official accounts of his exploits was later called into question. Purvis' story of the death of Pretty Boy Floyd indicated that Purvis and his agents had killed him with no assistance from local law enforcement. This was later disputed by Chester Smith, an officer with the East Liverpool, Ohio police (Hoover would later state Smith had shot Floyd first). Officer Smith said that Purvis and his agents never fired until after Purvis had attempted to question Floyd. After Floyd responded with curses, Purvis ordered Agent Herman "Ed" Hollis to shoot Floyd, who was lying wounded on the ground. This claim was discounted later by retired FBI Agent Winfred E. Hopton, who wrote in a 1976 letter to TIME that local law enforcement, including Captain Smith, weren't even present until after Floyd had died. Of course, this version conflicts with the one from local authorities which has Smith initially wounding Floyd. Neither claim has been clearly proven.
Purvis resigned from the FBI in 1935 and afterward practiced law. In 1937, he became engaged to actress Janice Jarratt, but they never married. He later married Marie Rosanne Willcox, and they had three sons.
In 1936, Purvis published a memoir of his years as an investigator with the Bureau, entitled American Agent.
On February 29, 1960, while at his home in Florence, South Carolina, Purvis died from a gunshot wound to the head fired from the pistol given to him by fellow agents when he resigned from the FBI. The FBI investigated his death and declared it a suicide, although the official coroner's report did not label the cause of death as such. A later investigation suggested that Purvis may have shot himself accidentally while trying to extract a tracer bullet jammed in the pistol. He was 56 years old.
In films and TV movies
In 1937, Parker Brothers published a game called Melvin Purvis' "G"-Men Detective Game.