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Majha

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The Majha (Punjabi: ਮਾਝਾ (Gurmukhi), ماجھا (Shahmukhi); Mājhā) region is recognized as the region that is located at the center of the historical Punjab region, that is northward from the right banks[note 1] of river Beas, and extends up to river Jhelum at its northmost. People of the Majha region are given the demonym "Mājhi". The Majhi dialect of Punjabi language is the main language of this region, which is also the standard dialect of the Punjabi language.

Contents

During the partition of India in 1947, the Majha region of Panjab got split into India and Pakistan when Panjab India and Punjab Pakistan were formed. The Majha region of Indian State of Panjab covers the area between Beas and Ravi rivers, including the area on the north of Sutlej, after the confluence of Beas and Sutlej at Harike in Tarn Taran district, extending up to the Ravi river, which is all part of the Majha region in India. This region contains four districts of Indian state of Panjab - Amritsar, Tarn Taran, Gurdaspur, and Pathankot.

The people of the Majha region have been historically known to be fierce and stubborn fighters and in lieu of this, the Majha region is called the "Sword Arm of the Country", due to it contributing disproportionately to the Officer as well as Orderly ranks of the Army. The Sikh Empire was founded in the Majha region which is also referred to as "the cradle of the brave Sikhs."

History

The word "Mājhā" (ਮਾਝਾ) means the "central" or the "heartland". The Majha region is geographically located in the middle (or central part) of the historic Punjab region, hence giving it the name Majha. It includes a considerable portion of the Bari Doab (the region between the rivers Beas and Ravi) and the Rechna Doab (the region between the rivers Ravi and Chenab), and a smaller portion of the Jech Doab region (the region between the rivers Jhelum and Chenab).

The Majha region of historical Punjab region spans northward from the right banks of river Beas, and extends up to river Jhelum at its northmost, making it the largest regions of historic Punjab.

Though partition split the Punjab Province (British India) into two states of West Punjab (Punjab, Pakistan) and East Punjab (Panjab, India), however the historic Majha region is arguably still the same as before since the partition does not change the previous history of Punjab, therefore does not change the geography of the Majha region of the historic Punjab region.

The Indian state of Panjab has continued to recognize the Majha region through maintaining the districts that have always belonged to the renowned historic Majha region. However, Majha being the only region that Punjab, Pakistan had, it has made Lahore as its provincial capital consisting of 10 sub-divisions such as Bahawalpur, Dera Ghazi Khan, Faisalabad, Gujranwala, Lahore, Multan, Rawalpindi, Sahiwal and Sargodha.

Districts of Majha

The following districts are classified as Majha:

Tourist attractions

  • The Golden Temple Harmandir Sahib, Amritsar
  • Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar
  • Harike Pattan bird sanctuary, Tarn Taran
  • Wagah border ceremony, Wagah border between Amritsar India and Lahore Pakistan.
  • Ranjit Sagar Dam, Shahpur Kandi, Pathankot
  • Durgiana Temple, Amritsar
  • Gobindgarh Fort, Amritsar
  • Shahpur Kandi Fort, Pathankot
  • Nurpur Fort, Pathankot
  • Coronation platform of Akbar, Kalanaur, Gurdaspur
  • Shamsher Khan's tomb, Batala
  • Wagah border ceremony at Wagah border, Amritsar-Lahore
  • Pul Kanjri, Amritsar
  • Badshahi Mosque, Lahore
  • Lahore Fort (Shahi Qila), Lahore
  • Bagh-e-Jinnah, Lahore
  • Lahore Museum, Lahore
  • Shalimar Gardens, Lahore
  • Tomb of Jahangir, Lahore
  • Notable residents

  • Baba Deep Singh Ji (1682–1757), the most renowned and hallowed martyrs in Sikhism.
  • Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Panjab (1780–1839), the founder of the Sikh Empire.
  • Hari Singh Nalwa (1791–1837), renowned warrrior and Commander-in-chief of the Sikh Khalsa Army, the army of the Sikh Empire.
  • Bhai Bidhi Chand Chhina (1640), the greatest Sikh warrior and religious preacher at the time of Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji.
  • Akali Phula Singh Ji (1761 – 1823), highly respected Akali Nihang Sikh general and Jathedar of the Khalsa Panth.
  • Baba Budha Ji, venerated primal figure of early Sikhism.
  • Sham Singh Atariwala (1790 - 1846), the general of the Sikh Empire.
  • Baba Baghel Singh, who occupied Delhi
  • Baba Gurdit Singh, SS Komagata Maru
  • Bhai Maha Singh, Sikh Martyr
  • Dara Singh wrestler
  • Gurdial Singh Dhillon, ex-speaker of Lok Sabha, India
  • Jagbir Singh Chhina, freedom fighter.
  • Gurpreet Singh (shooter), winner of two medals in Commonwealth Games, Delhi
  • M. S. Gill, former chief Election Commissioner of India and former sports Minister of India
  • Mai Bhago, Sikh martyr
  • Pratap Singh Kairon, ex-Chief Minister of Punjab
  • Surender Mohan Pathak, Novelist
  • Teja Singh Samundri, founder of SGPC
  • Baba Sohan Singh Bhakna, Founder and President of Gadar party
  • Sardar Baj Singh, Sikh general, governor and martyr.
  • Bhai Bhag Singh Bhikhiwind, leader of the Ghadar Party (1914)
  • Sardar Chhajja Singh Dhillon, a renowned Sikh warrior of the early 18th century.
  • References

    Majha Wikipedia


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