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Leverkusen

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Country  Germany
Area  78.85 km2
District  Urban district

Population  161,195 (2012)
State  North Rhine-Westphalia
Mayor  Reinhard Buchhorn (CDU)
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Points of interest  BayArena, Morsbroich Museum, Smidt-Arena, Altenberg Abbey

Map of Leverkusen

Leverkusen (; [ˈleːvɐˌkuːzn̩]) is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany on the eastern bank of the Rhine. To the South, Leverkusen borders the city of Cologne and to the North is the state capital Düsseldorf.

Contents

With about 161,000 inhabitants, Leverkusen is one of the state's smaller cities. The city is known for the pharmaceutical company Bayer and its associated sports club Bayer 04 Leverkusen.

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History

The heart of what is now Leverkusen was a village called Wiesdorf, which dates back to the 12th century. During the Cologne War, from 1583 to 1588 Leverkusen was ravaged by war. The entire area was rural until the late 19th century, when industry prompted the development that led to the city of Leverkusen, and to its becoming one of the most important centres of the German chemical industry.

The chemist Carl Leverkus, looking for a place to build a dye factory, chose Wiesdorf in 1860. He built a factory for the production of artificial ultramarine blue at the Kahlberg in Wiesdorf in 1861, and called the emerging settlement "Leverkusen" after his family home in Lennep. The factory was taken over by the Bayer company in 1891; Bayer moved its headquarters to Wiesdorf in 1912. After asset confiscation at the end of the First World War, it became IG Farben. The city of Leverkusen proper was founded in 1930 by merging Wiesdorf, Schlebusch, Steinbüchel and Rheindorf, and was posthumously named for Carl Leverkus.

During the Second World War, the IG Farben factories were bombed by the USAAF Eighth Air Force on 1 December 1943, by the RAF on 22 August 1943, and by the RAF during bombing campaigns on 19/20 November and 10/11 December 1943.

In 1975, Opladen (including Quettingen and Lützenkirchen since 1930), Hitdorf and Bergisch Neukirchen joined Leverkusen. The present city is made up of several villages, originally called Wiesdorf, Opladen, Schlebusch, Manfort, Bürrig, Hitdorf, Quettingen, Lützenkirchen, Steinbüchel, Rheindorf and Bergisch-Neukirchen.

Main sights and places of interest

  • BayArena is the home stadium of Bayer Leverkusen, and seats over 30,000 people.
  • The Bayer Cross Leverkusen is one of the largest illuminated advertisements in the world.
  • Freudenthaler Sensenhammer is an industrial museum.
  • Schloss Morsbroich - moated castle in the baroque style, now a museum for contemporary art.
  • Water Tower Leverkusen-Bürrig - 72.45-metre-high (237.7 ft) water reservoir containing an observation deck
  • Neuland Park - large park beside the Rhine
  • Japanese Garden - A garden created by Carl Duisberg at 1923
  • Colony of workers - historical urban district in the center of Leverkusen
  • Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit - historical Boat bridge next to the Rhine between Wiesdorf and Rheindorf
  • Mausoleum of Carl Duisberg - mausoleum in the center of the Carl Duisberg Park next to the Casino
  • NaturGut Ophoven - educational center for nature in Leverkusen-Opladen
  • Sports

    The city is home to the German record holder of national basketball championships, which is the team Bayer Giants Leverkusen. As of 2017, the team plays in the 3rd division ProB and plays its home games in the Smidt-Arena.

    The Smidt-Arena, previously known as Wilhelm Dopatka Halle, was one of the host arenas for the FIBA EuroBasket 1985. (the official European Basketball Championship)

    International relations

    Leverkusen is twinned with:

    Notable people

  • Jörg Bergmeister (born 1976), racing driver
  • Uta Briesewitz, (born 1967), cinematographer
  • Bärbel Dieckmann (born 1949), politician (SPD), mayor of Bonn 1994-2009
  • Franz Esser (1908-1966), bishop
  • Ileana Jacket, (born 1947), telenovela actress
  • Paul Janes, (1912-1987), football player
  • Heidemarie Ecker-Rosendahl (born 1947), athlete and olympic medalist
  • Danny Ecker, (born 1977), pole vaulter, son of Heidemarie Ecker-Rosendahl
  • Dietmar Mögenburg, (born 1961), athlete
  • Sabine Moussier, (born 1966), Mexican telenovela actress
  • Bastian Müller (1912-1988), writer
  • Lothar Rohde (1906-1985), scientist and founder of Rohde & Schwarz Messtechnik
  • Ralf Schmitz, (born 1974) actor and comedian
  • Detlef Schrempf (born 1963), former NBA basketball player
  • Felix Sturm (born 1979), middleweight boxer
  • Wolf Vostell, sculptor, painter and happening artist
  • Ji-In Cho (born 1976), singer of Krypteria
  • References

    Leverkusen Wikipedia


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