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Carl Duisberg

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Nationality  German
Name  Carl Duisberg
Role  Chemist

Carl Duisberg FileCarl duisbergjpg Wikimedia Commons
Born  29 September 1861 Barmen, Rhine Province, Prussia (1861-09-29)
Alma mater  University of Gottingen, University of Jena
Died  March 19, 1935, Leverkusen, Germany
Doctoral advisor  Johann Georg Anton Geuther
Education  University of Gottingen, University of Jena

Carl duisberg centren cdc classmates


Friedrich Carl Duisberg (29 September 1861 – 19 March 1935) was a German chemist and industrialist.

Contents

Carl Duisberg wwwleverkusencomwhoiswhodDuisbergjpg

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Life

Carl Duisberg Carl Duisberg Aus bescheidenen Verhltnissen Region

Born in Barmen, Germany. From 1879 to 1882, he studied at the Georg August University of Göttingen and Friedrich Schiller University of Jena, receiving his doctorate. After military service in Munich, which he combined with research in the laboratory of Adolf von Baeyer, he was hired in 1883 at the Farbenwerke (dye company) of Friedr. Bayer & Co., which later became Bayer AG.

Carl Duisberg 150 Jahre Bayer Ein rechthaberischer Herrenfahrer Stadt

In his career, he became confidential clerk (authorised signatory) and head of research. In 1900, he became the CEO of Bayer. Inspired by Standard Oil on a US tour, Bayer became part of IG Farben, a conglomerate of German chemical industries. Duisberg was head of the supervisory board for IG Farben. He died in Leverkusen.

Work

Carl Duisberg Geschichte Carl Duisberg Frdererkreis Niedersachsen eV

During World War I, the German army faced a great threat from an ammunition shortage. Indeed, the nitrates that were crucial for the production of gunpowder could not be imported any more because of the blockade by the British Navy. As a result, the German chemical firms (BASF and Bayer among others) were pushed to successfully synthesise nitrates. However, because of the war, shortage in manpower arose, and Druisberg advised Max Bauer on a new solution. In November 1916, Druisberg advised the Kaiser's troops to begin deporting 60 000 people from occupied Belgium; they were put in trains for transport to German mines and factories. Complaints from influential neutral countries, especially the United States, put an end to it. Also, in 1916, General Wilhelm Groener was appointed by General Ludendorff to reduce inflation. He proposed that increases in costs could be absorbed by the chemical community. When Duisberg heard the proposition, he successfully influenced the German government for Groener's removal.

In the 1920s, the dye industry leaders, led by Carl Duisberg of Bayer and Carl Bosch of BASF, successfully pushed for the merger of the dye makers into a single company. In 1925, the companies merged into the Interessengemeinschaft Farbenindustrie AG or IG Farben. The huge corporation, which soon included related industries such as explosives and fibers, was the biggest enterprise in all of Europe and the fourth largest in the world, behind General Motors, United States Steel and Standard Oil of New Jersey.

Duisberg forced the use of chemical weapons during World War I.

Carl Duisberg Society

The Carl Duisberg Society (Carl Duisberg Gesellschaft) was founded in 1949 and was helping Development aid with education programmes for people, especially from developing countries. From 1949 until its merger with the German Society for international Development (Deutschen Stiftung für internationale Entwicklung) in 2002 to form the InWEnt (Internationale Weiterbildung und Entwicklung gGmbH) 300000 people took part in the programs of the society.

References

Carl Duisberg Wikipedia


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