| 128,553 (2010)|
Kislovodsk (Russian: Кислово́дск, lit. sour waters) is a spa city in Stavropol Krai, Russia, in the North Caucasus region of Russia which is located between the Black and Caspian Seas. Population: 128,553 (2010 Census); 129,788 (2002 Census); 114,414 (1989 Census).
In 1803 Tsar Alexander I of Russia ordered the construction of the military station which became Kislovodsk. The site took its name from the many mineral springs around the city. The settlement gained town status in 1903.
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Kislovodsk as a fashionable spa attracted many musicians, artists, and members of the Russian aristocracy. Several of the events in Mikhail Lermontov's 1840 novel A Hero of Our Time take place in Kislovodsk.
Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with seven rural localities, incorporated as the city of krai significance of Kislovodsk—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts. As a municipal division, the city of krai significance of Kislovodsk is incorporated as Kislovodsk Urban Okrug.
The most famous native of Kislovodsk was Nobel Prize winner Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn (1918-2008). A museum is planned in the house he was born in. It is set to undergo renovations in 2011 in preparation. Nikolai Yaroshenko's (1846-1898) memorial house is open to the public.
Mother Thekla (Marina Sharfe) was born in Kislovodsk in 1918. She was abbess of the Monastery of the Assumption at Normanby near Whitby in North Yorkshire, England.
The notable Ukrainian historian Mykhailo Hrushevskyi (1866-1934) died when on exile to Kislovodsk in 1934, under circumstances which remain mysterious and controversial.
Kislovodsk is prominently depicted in the Prix Goncourt–winning 2006 novel The Kindly Ones, as the setting of October 1942 celebration of Uraza Bairam, the breaking of the fast that ends the month of Ramadan. The ceremony, attended by most of the SS and Wehrmacht officers in the area, was described in great detail. The highlight of the feast was the local tribe's presentation of a gift horse intended for Adolf Hitler to the Germans.
Kislovodsk is twinned with: Aix-les-Bains, France
Kiryat Yam, Israel
Muscatine, Iowa, United States
Nazran, Republic of Ingushetia, Russia