|Population 950 (2011 census)|
Civil parish Kenninghall
Area 14.85 km²
District Breckland District
UK parliament constituency South West Norfolk
|OS grid reference TM034865|
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Shire county Norfolk
Dialling code 01953
Kenninghall is a village and civil parish in the English county of Norfolk. It covers an area of 5.73 sq mi (14.8 km2) and had a population of 950 at the 2011 census. For the purposes of local government, it falls within the district of Breckland. The site was the home of the kings of East Anglia. After the invasion of William the Conqueror in 1066, he granted the estate to William of Albany, and his heirs, as a residence for the Chief Butler of England at the Coronation of the British monarch.
Map of Kenninghall, UK
Origin of the name
The name Kenninghall comes from the Saxon word Cyning (king) and Halla (palace).
In the reign of Henry VIII, the estate was granted to Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk, who destroyed the original structure and erected a magnificent new building with two fronts. The house and estate passed to Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk. The estate was confiscated by the Crown when he was arrested on suspicion of treason. The house served as a residence for both of Henry VIII's daughters: Princess Mary and Princess Elizabeth at different times during the reign of Edward VI. When Mary became Queen in 1553, she granted the estate to the 3rd Duke's grandson, Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk.
The 4th Duke held the estate until 1572, when he was attainted for high treason. Howard had been brought up a Protestant, but entered Roman Catholic plots (including the Northern Rebellion and the Ridolfi Plot) to depose Elizabeth I and replace her with Mary, Queen of Scots, whom he planned to marry. The estate was seized by the Crown, and Queen Elizabeth often resided here. When she died in 1603, the house was demolished and the materials sold off.
Between 1727 and 1760, George II issued a charter declaring the inhabitants of Kenninghall exempt from serving in juries outside the parish, and from tolls at fairs across the kingdom.
St Mary's Church
The south porch is Transitional Norman. The royal arms of Queen Elizabeth has been moved from the tympanum of the chancel arch to a position in the north aisle. The royal arms of King Charles I is at the west end of the church.