Harman Patil

Group IV pyridoxal dependent decarboxylases

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Symbol  Orn_Arg_deC_N
Pfam clan  CL0036
PROSITE  PDOC00685
Pfam  PF02784
InterPro  IPR022644
SCOP  1qu4
Group IV pyridoxal-dependent decarboxylases

In molecular biology, group IV pyridoxal-dependent decarboxylases are a family of enzymes comprising ornithine decarboxylase EC 4.1.1.17, lysine decarboxylase EC 4.1.1.18, arginine decarboxylase EC 4.1.1.19 and diaminopimelate decarboxylaseEC 4.1.1.20. It is also known as the Orn/Lys/Arg decarboxylase class-II family.

Pyridoxal-5'-phosphate-dependent amino acid decarboxylases can be divided into four groups based on amino acid sequence. Group IV comprises eukaryotic ornithine and lysine decarboxylase and the prokaryotic biosynthetic type of arginine decarboxylase and diaminopimelate decarboxylase.

Members of this family while most probably evolutionary related, do not share extensive regions of sequence similarities. The proteins contain a conserved lysine residue which is known, in mouse ODC to be the site of attachment of the pyridoxal-phosphate group. The proteins also contain a stretch of three consecutive glycine residues and has been proposed to be part of a substrate-binding region.

References

Group IV pyridoxal-dependent decarboxylases Wikipedia


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