Erin O'Brien-Moore (May 2, 1902 in Los Angeles, California – May 3, 1979 in Los Angeles, California) was an American actress. She created the role of Rose in the original Broadway production of Elmer Rice's Pulitzer Prize-winning play, Street Scene (1929), and was put under contract in Hollywood and made a number of films in the 1930s. Her promising career on the stage and screen was interrupted by severe injuries she sustained in a 1939 fire. Following her recovery and extensive plastic surgery she returned to the stage and character roles in films and television, notably in four seasons of the primetime serial drama Peyton Place (1965–68).
Erin O'Brien-Moore was born Annette O'Brien-Moore in Los Angeles, to Agnes and J. B. L. O'Brien-Moore. Her father was publisher of the Tucson Citizen; her older brother was classical scholar Ainsworth O'Brien-Moore. She was educated at a convent in Arizona, and planned to become a painter until she saw Alla Nazimova on the stage, when she turned her attention to the theatre. She first appeared on Broadway in 1926, in a small role in The Makropoulos Secret. She was the star of Elmer Rice's Street Scene (1929), a naturalistic drama about life a New York City tenement that ran 601 performances on Broadway, toured throughout the U.S., and received the Pulitzer Prize. During the play's six-month run in London, Aldous Huxley became an ardent fan of O'Brien-Moore and saw her performance at least three times.
O'Brien-Moore's stage success led to a Hollywood contract and second-lead roles in films including Black Legion (1937), opposite Humphrey Bogart. In The Life of Emile Zola (1937), with Paul Muni, she played the character who inspired the fictional character Nana. Her other films include Dangerous Corner (1934), Little Men (1934), His Greatest Gamble (1934), Seven Keys to Baldpate (1935), Streamline Express (1935), Our Little Girl (1935), Two in the Dark (1936), The Ex-Mrs. Bradford (1936), Ring Around the Moon (1936), The Leavenworth Case (1936), Green Light (1937) and The Plough and the Stars (1937).
Described by The New York Times as "a slender, dark-haired woman with fragile, beautiful features", O'Brien-Moore had a rising career that was interrupted by severe injuries she suffered January 22, 1939, in a fire. After she recovered from the accident O'Brien-Moore resumed her acting career on radio, in programs including Big Sister.
After extensive plastic surgery, O'Brien-Moore returned to the stage and resumed her career in films and television. In 1948 she performed on Kraft Television Theatre and in The Philco Television Playhouse presentation, "Street Scene". She took the role of Anna, while Betty Field played Rose, the role that O'Brien-Moore had created on the stage.
She co-starred with Charlie Ruggles in the situation comedy, The Ruggles (1950–52), and in series including NBC Presents, General Electric Theater, Lux Video Theater, Alfred Hitchcock Presents, and Perry Mason ("The Case of the Deadly Verdict"). She played the role of Nurse Esther Choate on the TV version of Peyton Place for four seasons (1965–68).
Her later feature films include Destination Moon (1950), The Family Secret (1951), Sea of Lost Ships (1954), Phantom of the Rue Morgue (1954), Peyton Place (1957) and How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying (1967).
O'Brien-Moore was married to Mark Barron, drama editor of the Associated Press, in 1936. Their 10-year marriage ended in divorce.
O'Brien-Moore died of cancer on May 3, 1979, at the Motion Picture Country Hospital in Los Angeles.Dangerous Corner (1934)
Little Men (1934)
His Greatest Gamble (1934)
Seven Keys to Baldpate (1935)
Streamline Express (1935)
Our Little Girl (1935)
Two in the Dark (1936)
The Ex-Mrs. Bradford (1936)
Ring Around the Moon (1936)
The Leavenworth Case (1936)
Black Legion (1937)
The Life of Emile Zola (1937), as Nana.
Green Light (1937)
The Plough and the Stars (1937)
Destination Moon (1950)
The Family Secret (1951)
Sea of Lost Ships (1954)
Phantom of the Rue Morgue (1954)
Peyton Place (1957)
How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying (1967) (uncredited)