Sneha Girap

Ehime Prefecture

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Country  Japan
Area  5,676.44 km2
Region  Shikoku
Capital  Matsuyama
Population  1.441 million (Mar 31, 2012)
Colleges and Universities  Ehime University
Destinations  Matsuyama, Imabari, Uwajima, Niihama, Saijo
Points of interest  Dogo Onsen, Saka no Ue no Kumo Museum, Matsuyama Castle, Mount Ishizuchi, Shiki Memorial Museum

Ehime Prefecture (, Ehime-ken) is a prefecture in northwestern Shikoku, Japan. The capital is Matsuyama.

Contents

Map of Ehime Prefecture

History

Ehime Prefecture in the past, History of Ehime Prefecture

Until the Meiji Restoration, Ehime Prefecture was known as Iyo Province. Since before the Heian period, the area was dominated by fishermen and sailors who played an important role in defending Japan against pirates and Mongolian invasions.

Ehime Prefecture in the past, History of Ehime Prefecture

After the Battle of Sekigahara, the Tokugawa shogun gave the area to his allies, including Kato Yoshiaki who built Matsuyama Castle, forming the basis for the modern city of Matsuyama.

The name Ehime comes from the Kojiki and means "beautiful maiden."

In 2012, a research group from the University of Tokyo and Ehime University said they had discovered rare earth deposits in the City of Matsuyama in Ehime-ken.

Geography

Located in the northwestern part of Shikoku, Ehime faces the Seto Inland Sea to the north and is bordered by Kagawa and Tokushima in the east and Kochi in the south.

The prefecture includes both high mountains in the inland region and a long coastline, with many islands in the Seto Inland Sea. The westernmost arm of Ehime, the Sadamisaki Peninsula, is the narrowest peninsula in Japan.

As of April 1, 2012, 7% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Ashizuri-Uwakai and Setonaikai National Parks; Ishizuchi Quasi-National Park; and seven Prefectural Natural Parks.

Economy

The area around Matsuyama has a number of industries, including shipbuilding, chemicals, oil refining, and paper and textile products. The rural areas of the prefecture mostly engage in agricultural and fishing industries, and are particularly known for citrus fruit such as mikan (tangerine) and iyokan and cultured pearls.

Culture

The oldest extant hot spring in Japan, Dogo Onsen, is located in Matsuyama. It has been used for over two thousand years.

Museums

  • Museum of Ehime History and Culture
  • Kaimei School
  • References

    Ehime Prefecture Wikipedia 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