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Eduard Dietl

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Years of service  1910–44
Name  Eduard Dietl
Rank  Generaloberst
Eduard Dietl wwwmilitaryawardseu
Born  21 July 1890 Bad Aibling, Kingdom of Bavaria, German Empire (1890-07-21)
Buried at  Munich Northern Cemetery Plot 114—Row 1—Grave 34
Allegiance  German Empire  Weimar Republic  Nazi Germany
Commands held  German 3rd Mountain Division German 20th Mountain Army
Battles/wars  World War I World War II Invasion of Norway Operation Silver Fox
Died  June 23, 1944, Rettenegg, Austria
Battles and wars  World War I, Operation Weserubung, Operation Silver Fox, World War II
Similar People  Nikolaus von Falkenhorst, Lothar Rendulic, Carl Gustav Fleischer, Hjalmar Siilasvuo, Friedrich Bonte

Eduard dietl

Eduard Wolrath Christian Dietl (21 July 1890 – 23 June 1944) was a German general of World War II. He was born in Bad Aibling, Bavaria. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords, awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.


Eduard Dietl Meindl Eugen WW2 Gravestone

Military career

Eduard Dietl Generaloberst Eduard Dietl 21Julho1890 23Junho

Eduard Dietl was the son of a Bavarian finance official. In 1909, at his second attempt to join the 5. Bavarian Infanterie Regiment, he entered as an officer cadet. After studying at the Kriegschule in Munich, he was commissioned Leutnant in October 1911. In October 1915 he was promoted to Oberleutnant and served as a company commander with his regiment. In March 1918, he was promoted to Hauptmann. He was wounded four times during his actions in the First World War. He joined the DAP (Deutsche Arbeiter Partei) and Freikorps of Franz Ritter von Epp in 1919. Dietl was prepared with his company on 9 November 1923 to support Adolf Hitler and the rebels in the Beer Hall Putsch. However it did not come to an intervention.

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Dietl continued to serve in the German Army and, as a Generalmajor, he helped organise the 1936 Winter Olympics held at Garmisch-Partenkirchen.

Eduard Dietl wwwastrocomimwikiadbwiththumb003386jpg

Dietl commanded the German 3rd Mountain Division that participated in the German invasion of Norway on 9 and 10 April 1940. Most of this division was landed at Narvik by a German naval force of ten destroyers, commanded by Commodore Friedrich Bonte, on 9 April 1940. British naval forces led by the battleship HMS Warspite destroyed all ten destroyers that had ferried Dietl's troops to Narvik and managed to recapture the town. Dietl's mountaineers withdrew into the hills and later retook the town when Britain abandoned her efforts to evict the Germans from Norway due to German success on the Western Front (the Franco-German border, Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands).

Eduard Dietl Posters Artwork Documents Generaloberst EDUARD DIETL

A convinced Nazi and one of Hitler's favourite generals, he was the first German soldier to receive, on 19 June 1940, the oak leaves cluster to the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. Dietl was also popular among his men and his Finnish allies.

Eduard Dietl FMP Generaloberst Dietl

Dietl subsequently commanded German forces in Norway and northern Finland and in Eastern Europe and rose to the rank of Generaloberst (equivalent to a Commonwealth General or a US four-star General), commanding the 20th Mountain Army on the northern Eastern Front, where the results of the German Arctic campaign were disappointing. Dietl initially turned down his promotion, but was convinced to accept the appointment by Generaloberst Alfred Jodl. On 23 June 1944, a Junkers Ju 52 aircraft carrying Dietl, General der Infanterie Thomas-Emil von Wickede, General der Gebirgstruppe Karl Eglseer, Generalleutnant Franz Rossi and three other passengers crashed in the vicinity of the small village of Rettenegg, Styria; there were no survivors.

Eduard Dietl Lars Gyllenhaal Dietls Russian Spy Ace

Until 1997, Ringelai in the Bavarian Forest honored Dietl with a memorial plaque. Until 1977, this site had honored Albert Leo Schlageter instead. Freyung honored Dietl with a General-Dietl-Strase.


  • Prince Regent Luitpold Medal (Bavaria; 12 March 1911)
  • Iron Cross (1914)
  • 2nd class (16 September 1914)
  • 1st class (3 September 1916)
  • General Honour Decoration (Hesse) (16 October 1915)
  • Wound Badge (1914) in Silver (1917)
  • Bavarian Military Order of Merit
  • 4th class with Swords (18 June 1918)
  • Commanders Cross (17 August 1933)
  • Army mountain guide badge (1 April 1931)
  • Honour Cross of the World War 1914/1918 (18 January 1935)
  • Wehrmacht Long Service Award, 4th class with 1st class (2 October 1936)
  • Clasp to the Iron Cross (1939)
  • 2nd class (24 September 1939)
  • 1st class (15 April 1940)
  • Destroyer War Badge (5 November 1940)
  • Narvik Shield (21 March 1941)
  • Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords
  • Knight's Cross as Generalleutnant and commander of the 3. Gebirgs-Division (9 May 1940)
  • 1st Oak Leaves as Generalleutnant and commanding general of the Gebirgs-Korps Norwegen (19 July 1940)
  • 72nd Swords as Generaloberst and commander in chief of the 20. Gebirgs-Armee (1 July 1944, posthumously)
  • Pilot/Observer Badge in Gold with Diamonds(5 January 1941)
  • Golden Party Badge in Gold (1943)
  • Blood Order (Medal commemorating the 9 November 1923 - Medaille zur Erinnerung an den 9. November 1923)
  • Olympic Games Decoration, 1st class (1936)
  • Anschluss Medal (Medal commemorating the 13th March 1938 - Medaille zur Erinnerung an den 13. Marz 1938)
  • Sudetenland Medal with Prague Castle clasp
  • Mentioned in the Wehrmachtbericht on 10 June 1940
  • Eastern Front Medal (1942)
  • Foreign awards
  • Order of Merit, Commander's Cross with carry permit (Chile; 16 March 1934)
  • Order of the White Rose, Grand Cross with Breast Star and Swords (Finland; 9 November 1941)
  • Order of the Cross of Liberty
  • 1st class with Star, Oak leaves and Swords (20 January 1944)
  • Grand Cross (Finland; 28 June 1944)
  • References

    Eduard Dietl Wikipedia