Clube de Regatas do Flamengo
Mengão (Big Mengo)Rubro-Negro (Scarlet-Black)O mais querido do Brasil (The most beloved of Brazil)
November 17, 1895 (121 years ago) (1895-11-17)
Eduardo Bandeira de Mello
Série A, 3rdRio de Janeiro State League, 4th
George Helal Training Center, Estádio da Gávea
José Félix da Cunha Meneses, Augusto Lopes
Clube de regatas do flamengo site oficial do clube mais querido do brasil beta
Club de Regatas do Flamengo (English: Flamingo Rowing Club), commonly referred to as Flamingo ([flɐˈmẽɡu]), is a Brazilian sports club based in Rio de Janeiro. Their most significant sporting outlet is the football team, which plays in the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A.
- Clube de regatas do flamengo site oficial do clube mais querido do brasil beta
- Hino oficial do clube de regatas flamengo rj legendado
- Foundation and first years 18951912
- From the first match to the end of amateur era 19121933
- Beginning of the professional era 19341955
- Golden years on the eve of glory 19561973
- The Zico era in the Golden Age 19741983
- Departure and the return of Zico 19841994
- Centennial and the risk of relegation 19952005
- The beginning of a new era and the Hexacampeonato 20062013
- Arena da Ilha
- Clssico dos Milhes
- Fla Flu
- Flamengo Atltico
- Kit manufacturer and shirt sponsors
- First team squad
- Out of team
- Out on loan
- Retired numbers
- State and regional competitions
- South American competitions
- Worldwide competitions
- Average attendances per season
- Average attendances at Brazilian League
- Other sports
- Volleyball mens
- Volleyball womens
- Noted athletes
- Noted coaches
The club was established in 1895, although it did not play its first official game until 1912. Flamengo is one of the most successful clubs in Brazilian football, having won five Campeonato Brasileiro Série A titles(1 Copa União 1987), three Copa do Brasil titles, one Interclub World Championship, one Copa Libertadores and a record 33 Campeonato Carioca trophies. Due to its low capacity, Flamengo's home stadium, Gávea, hasn't been used in official matches since 1997 and the club usually opts for Maracanã, the biggest football stadium in Brazil, with a capacity of 78,838.
Its traditional playing colors are red and black hooped shirts with white shorts and red and black hooped socks. The team achieved the most prestigious accolade in South American football when they defeated Cobreloa 2–0 in the Estadio Centenario in Montevideo to become champions of South America. They subsequently became known as the Geração de Ouro, or the Golden Generation. That same year, Flamengo became world champions after defeating Liverpool 3–0 in Tokyo.
Flamengo is the most popular team in Brazil, with over 39.1 million supporters as of 2010, and was voted by FIFA as one of the most successful football clubs of the 20th century. It is also one of Brazil's richest football clubs in terms of revenue, with an annual revenue of R$347.0 million ($130.06 million/€107.5 million) in 2014, and the second most valuable club in South America, worth over R$855.4 million ($424.4 million/€327.9 million) in 2013. The club has long-standing rivalries with near neighbors Fluminense, Botafogo and Vasco da Gama. There is also an interstate rivalry with Atlético Mineiro.
Hino oficial do clube de regatas flamengo rj legendado
Foundation and first years (1895–1912)
Flamengo was founded on November 17, 1895 (although the club celebrates its founding every year on November 15, which is also a Brazilian national holiday) as a rowing club by José Agostinho Pereira da Cunha, Mário Spindola, Nestor de Barros, Augusto Lopes, José Félix da Cunha Meneses and Felisberto Laport.
The group used to gather at Café Lamas, in the Flamengo neighborhood of Rio de Janeiro, and decided to form a rowing team. Rowing was the elite sport in Rio de Janeiro in the late 19th century. The young men hoped that forming a rowing club would make them popular with the young ladies of the city's high society.
They could only afford a used boat named "Pherusa", which had to be completely rebuilt before it could be used in competition. The team debuted on October 6, 1895 when they sailed off the Caju Point, from the Maria Angu beach, heading off to Flamengo beach. However, strong winds turned over the boat and the rowers nearly drowned. They were rescued by a fishing boat named Leal ("Loyal"). Afterwards, as the Pherusa was undergoing repairs, the boat was stolen and never again found. The group then had to save up money to buy a new boat, the "Etoile", renamed "Scyra".
On the night of November 17, the group, gathered at Nestor de Barros's manor on Flamengo beach, founded the Flamengo Rowing Group ("Grupo de Regatas do Flamengo", in Portuguese) and elected its first board and president (Domingos Marques de Azevedo). The name was changed a few weeks later to "Clube de Regatas do Flamengo" ("Flamengo Rowing Club"). The founders also decided that the anniversary of the club foundation should be celebrated on November 15, so as to coincide with the Day of the Republic, a national holiday.
Flamengo only embraced football when a group of dissatisfied players from Fluminense Football Club broke away from that club following a dispute with its board. The players (Alberto Borgerth, Othon de Figueiredo Baena, Píndaro de Carvalho Rodrigues, Emmanuel Augusto Nery, Ernesto Amarante, Armando de Almeida, Orlando Sampaio Matos, Gustavo Adolpho de Carvalho, Lawrence Andrews and Arnaldo Machado Guimarães) decided to join Flamengo because Borgerth, the team's captain, was also a rower for Flamengo. Admittance of the new members was approved on November 8, 1911. A motion against the club taking part in football tournaments was defeated, and the members assembly officially created the football team on December 24, 1911.
The new team used to train on Russel beach, and gradually gained the support of the locals, who closely watched their practice games. The first official match was played on May 3, 1912 and is, to this day, the most spectacular victory of the club, as the team defeated Mangueira 16-2. The first intracity rivalry, the Flamengo vs. Fluminense aka Fla-Flu (which would eventually become one of the most famous football derbies in the world) was also played in that year, on July 7, and was won by Fluminense, by 3–2.
From the first match to the end of amateur era (1912–1933)
On Praia do Russell had happened the first trainings and on May 3, 1912, already filiated to the Liga Metropolitana de Desportos Terrestres (Metropolitan League of Land Sports), the club had its first match. Was in the field of América (RJ) and Flamengo won Mangueira by 16–2, Belfort Duarte was the referee. The starters for that historic match were Baena, Pindar, Nery, Coriol, Gilberto, Galo, Baiano, Arnaldo, Amarante, Gustavo and Borgerth.
Already in 1912, the Flamengo finished as runners-up at the Campeonato Carioca, the Rio de Janeiro State Championship. The first uniform, at that time, was called "papagaio vintém", due to the similarity with a certain type of kite called by the same name. In 1914 the club won the Campeonato Carioca for the first time adopting the striped shirt in white, red and black colors nicknamed "cobra coral" (coral snake), as reminded the snake's skin, and which only lasted until 1916. Flamengo won the Campeonato Carioca once again in 1915, 1920 and 1921.
In 1925, the club won Campeonato Carioca and five other different tournaments with the football team, a record until then. In 1927 Flamengo was voted "most beloved club in Brazil" after winning Vasco da Gama at Salutaris Cup, a contest held by Jornal do Brasil, one of the most important newspapers in Brazil. In 1933 the team made its first tour outside Brazil and on 14 May of the same year made its last game as an amateur team, winning River by 16–2. Since then the club's football department became professional.
Beginning of the professional era (1934–1955)
With the election of President José Bastos Padilha in 1934, the club was able to improve the social part and grew in popularity. In 1936, great players like Domingos da Guia and Leônidas da Silva (which would first leading scorer in the 1938 FIFA World Cup already as a Flamengo player) came to the club. 1937 was a year with plenty novelty of news for Flamengo football team, the signing of Hungarian coach Izidor "Dori" Kürschner, which implemented a new game plan known as WM and training without a ball. Another innovation was the inclusion of the second uniform in order to facilitate the vision of the players in night games since the lighting was not ideal. In the same year came the unification of the Carioca championship with the creation of the Carioca Football League, every club had already deployed professionalism. In 1939, after 12 years without any title, Flamengo came back to win the state championship with a team that became the basis for state championship triple in the 40s.
In 1941, the group played its first international competition, the Hexagonal Tournament of Argentina. In 1942 was founded the first organized supporters group of Brazil, Charanga Rubro-Negra, and in 1944, Flamengo won his first Rio de Janeiro State League triple (winning the 1942,1943 and 1944 titles in a row). The main event in 1946 was Zizinho's injury (broken leg), one of the Brazilian football major superstars of that era and revealed by Flamengo, sidelined for six months, a huge club loss for that time. Zizinho transferred to Bangu in 1950, this was considered one of the worst deals in Flamengo's history. In 1955, Flamengo, once again, won the Rio de Janeiro State League triple.
Golden years on the eve of glory (1956–1973)
Despite the achievements of this period Fla is further restricting the regional level, the club had in its cast players like Dida, Carlinhos, Paulo Cézar Caju, Gérson, Antônio Rondinelli, Horácio Doval, Fio Maravilha, Evaristo de Macedo, Francisco Reyes, among others, that strengthened the teams assembled in the period.
In 1961, the team became champion of the Rio-São Paulo Tournament, which at the time was a title that was worth much more than a simple rivalry between São Paulo and Rio. After winning the state championship for the third time in a row in 1955, the headline was only conquered in 1963 and later in 1965 in late 1968, Garrincha was hired and has started to play for Flamengo, but the expectation that he could play the entire following season failed. He made his last appearance for Flamengo in April 12, 1969, with 20 games and 4 goals scored.
The greatest legacy of the club in the 1970s was to reveal to the world the most successful football team in the club's history. During that time players like Zico, Júnior, Leandro and others as important, have risen to the club's professional team. In 1970, the club won its first Guanabara Cup (1st round of the state tournament). In the first half of 1971, Flamengo's situation was not good, under the command of Yustrich, only won 8 of 28 matches. In 1972 again won the Guanabara Cup and Campeonato Carioca, in 1973 also won the first round of the state championship.
The Zico era in the Golden Age (1974–1983)
In 1978 a scarlet-black golden age began when Flamengo won the Rio de Janeiro State Championship. The five following years would be years of glory. Stars such as Júnior, Carpegiani, Adílio, Cláudio Adão and Tita were led by Zico to become State Champions three times in a row. The level of sustained excellence pushed Flamengo towards its first Brazilian Championship in 1980. Then, as national champions, the club qualified to play the South American continental tournament – the Libertadores Cup.
1981 is a benchmark year in Flamengo's history. After beating Chilean Cobreloa in three matches, the club became South American Champions. The next goal was clear: the Intercontinental Cup, a single match to be played in Tokyo's Olympic Stadium, Japan, against European Champions' Cup winner Liverpool FC.
On December 13, 1981, Raul, Leandro, Marinho, Mozer, Júnior, Andrade, Adílio, Zico, Tita, Nunes and Lico took the field for the most important match in club history. Two goals by Nunes and another one by Adílio (all during first half) along with a brilliant performance by Zico were more than enough to crown Flamengo the first Brazilian World Champions club since Pelé's Santos, shutting out Liverpool 3–0.
The next two years would also be great. Another Rio's State Championship in 1981 and two Brazilian Championships – 1982 and 1983 – closed the Golden Age in a fantastic way.
Departure and the return of Zico (1984–1994)
Two years later, Zico returned to the club in 1986 and won its last state championship. This year he participated in a few games, since a game in 1985 against the State he was the victim of a violent player input Márcio Nunes, running out of play for a long time due to the long period of recovery from surgery. However, in the opening match of the following State, scored three of the four goals in Flamengo's 4–1 victory over Fluminense.
In 1987, was a major contributor to the achievement of the first edition of the Copa União (called by the Brazilian Football Confederation green module), considered at the time by much of the press and at the 13 Club as the national tetracampeonato Flamengo . highlights are the victories in the semi-finals matches against oea final against, which was won with a goal from Bebeto. the Club of 13, and consequently the Flemish and international, have not accepted the intersection established by the CBF between the first two modules of green and yellow, losing their games by forfeit the CBF then officiated as the Brazilian champion and 1987 runner-up that year. on February 21, 2011, by Resolution No. 02/2011 presidency of CBF, officiated as Brazilian champion Flamengo 1987 Sport side of the door. However, in June 2011, had to withdraw following the decision of the Court of the 10th Federal Court of First Instance of the Judicial Section of Pernambuco, returning to the Sport acknowledge as the only Brazilian champion of professional football in 1987 on June 28, 2012, in manual, CBF recognized the title of the Brazilian Flamengo 1987. Then she backtracked and said that in the manual, there was a "huge mistake" which she sent to an outdated graphical material where Flamengo was considered champion 1987 side of the Sport. On April 8, 2014 the Superior Court of Justice (STJ) confirmed Sport as the only Brazilian champion Flamengo in 1987 after contesting the decision in the lower court.
Throughout his career at Flamengo, Zico scored 508 goals and was the top scorer in club history. In 1990, before a packed Maracanã, Zico would make his farewell match with Flamengo.
Even without its biggest star, the early years of the post-Zico era have been successful for Flamengo. The first national victory was the second edition of the Brazil Cup in 1990 against Goiás in the finals. Between the end of 1990 and throughout 1991 Flamengo, now led by Júnior, won five matches in a row against the Vasco da Gama, and winning the 1991 State championship.
The year 1992 was marked by winning another national title, beating Botafogo in the final of the Championship that year, which had the first game won by Flamengo a 3–0 and the second ta 2-2 draw. The team highlight player was again Júnior, with 38 years old.
Centennial and the risk of relegation (1995–2005)
After the Brazilian League title in 1992, the club started to face a major financial crisis and the achievements in domestic e and international competitions have become less frequent, although in general the team continued to win some regional championships on a regular basis, one of the few Brazilian clubs who have never suffered a considerable title drought. In 1995, the year of its centenary, the radio sports broadcaster Kléber Leite became chairman of the club and signed striker Romário, then the world's best player, who was on Barcelona. He joined Sávio and later Edmundo to become, as the supporters called, "the attack of dreams". Even with Romário (who battled against Túlio this year and Renato Gaúcho the "title" King of Rio) and other superstars, the centennial year was not victorious. Flamengo only won the Taça Guanabara, the first phase of the Rio de Janeiro State League, and lost the tournament in the finals against Fluminense. The supporters of rivals club started mocking the attacking trio as "the attack of nightmare".
In 1996, Flamengo was unbeaten in the Rio de Janeiro State League, conquering the Taça Guanabara and Taça Rio and winning the tournament in advance. Romário was the top scorer of the tournament. Sávio and the highlight player in the Copa de Oro campaign, Flamengo won the cup after many years without international success. This was the third official international title of Flamengo.
In 1999, Edmundo dos Santos Silva was elected the club president, and with it came a millionaire contract with sports marketing company ISL. Despite bad campaigns in the Brazilian League, Flamengo won the 1999 Copa Mercosur, the South America second tier cup, and continued to be successful at regional level, winning the triple state championship (1999-2000-2001) and Copa dos Campeões in 2001. Also in 2001, the Flamengo avoided being relegated to Brazilian Série B in winning against Palmeiras the final match of the tournament and began a series of bad campaigns in the National League in the following years.
ISL went bankrupt in 2002, for reasons unrelated to the contract with Flamengo, and the club was left without its millionaire partner. No money to keep the great team assembled, has begun a bad phase in red and black football. In the same year, Edmundo Santos Silva was removed from the presidency accused, among other things, administrative impropriety, in a very troubled and controversial vote (there are reports that there was no quorum in the Statute of the Club). Until today, it was proven the veracity of these allegations unless the evasion of taxes, which were assumed by the former president. No money for big signings, Flamengo failed to form competitive teams and narrowly missed demoted in Brazilian championship in 2002, 2004 and 2005.
In 2003 and 2004, yet managed to reach the final of the Brazil Cup. In the first year, lost to Cruzeiro The second time, lost to Santo André.
In 2004, Flamengo won their 28th state title, upon rival Vasco da Gama. In 2005 Flamengo played one of the worst years in its history. Earlier this year they did not win the Cup International Finta, and in the Brazilian Championship fought until the later rounds to get away from relegation, which was achieved only after the arrival of coach Joel Santana when in nine games played under his command, the team managed six wins and three draws, thus preventing the dispute from the Second Division in 2006.
The beginning of a new era and the Hexacampeonato (2006–2013)
On March 9, 2007, Flamengo earned a commemorative date in Rio de Janeiro (state)'s official calendar. On that day, State Governor Sérgio Cabral Filho signed Law 4998, declaring November 17 (the day the club was founded) "Flamengo Day".
In the 2007 Brazilian Football Championship, Flamengo won many games at home, leaving the relegation zone and reaching the second place and then being defeated the last match in Recife, Pernambuco by Náutico 1–0. After this match, Flamengo finished the League in third place, climbing from second worst to third best.
Flamengo started 2008 by winning the Rio de Janeiro State Championship over archrival Botafogo. However a couple of days later, in the Round of 16 of the Libertadores Cup, the team was beaten at home by Club América from Mexico 0–3 meaning they were eliminated 4–5 on aggregate.
In 2009 season after finishing the 1st half of the Brazilian League in 10th place, Flamengo won the Brazilian Série A. With this victory Flamengo became a six-time Brazilian League Champion.
Flamengo's home stadium is nominally the Estádio José Bastos Padilha (commonly known as Estádio da Gávea), which was inaugurated on September 4, 1938, and has a capacity for 4,000 people. The stadium is named after José Bastos Padilha, Flamengo's president at the time of the stadium's construction. He was president from 1933 to 1937. However, Flamengo does not play first team matches any more at Estádio da Gávea. Since the 1990s, the stadium is now used almost exclusively for the club's youth and women's teams matches, and also sometimes as the first team's training ground. Most first team games are played at the Maracanã Stadium, considered by supporters as the real Flamengo home ground. During the 2014 FIFA World Cup, the Dutch National Team used the Estádio da Gávea and all of its facilities as their training ground in preparation for the competition.
The Maracanã Stadium was vital in the incredible 2007 Brazilian Série A Flamengo comeback, with the team winning almost all the matches played in the stadium. These victories helped the club rise from the relegation zone to finish in third place, securing a place in the 2008 Copa Libertadores. The stadium held the 2007 Brazilian Série A attendance records, with 87,895 fans against Atlético Paranaense and an average attendance of 44,719 fans per match, which was ahead of all of the other teams in the Brazilian Série A that year. In 2008, Flamengo was once again the leader of Brazilian Série A average attendance with 43.731 fans per match. The club also had the biggest attendance of the season with 81.317 fans in the 0–3 loss to Atlético Mineiro on October 11, 2008.
Arena da Ilha
In 2017, Flamengo will play at Arena da Ilha, where they will renovate the facility to fit 20,500 spectators. Flamengo is expected to start playing at the Arena in March.
Flamengo is the most popular team in Brazil and one of the most popular teams in the world. Surveys show that there are over 42 million Flamengo supporters across Brazil. There are also supporters in Europe, Middle East, Japan, China, Australia, United States, Canada, Mexico, Argentina, Chile and Africa. Flamengo supporters are known as Nação Rubro-Negra (Scarlet-Black Nation), since there are more supporters of Flamengo than the population of many countries. Flamengo supporters are also known for their fanaticism. They hold several records in the Brazilian league like having the best average attendance (12 times, the second one is Atlético Mineiro with 9). Flamengo played against Santos in Maracanã to 155,523 supporters in the 1983 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A final, however some say that the official numbers are wrong and that there were more than 160,000 people in Maracanã.
Flamengo's match with the greatest number of attendants was Flamengo versus Fluminense in 1963, this match has the greatest numbers of attendants between two football clubs in history with 194,603 spectators. Flamengo has taken more than 150,000 people in the stadium in official matches 13 times. Flamengo supporters were listed as heritage of the people by the Mayor Office of the city of Rio de Janeiro in 2007.
Usually, in Brazil, each team has their own torcidas organizadas (like Europeans Ultras). Flamengo, like any other Brazilian team has groups of organized supporters, most notably Torcida Jovem-Fla, Charanga Rubro-Negra, Urubuzada, Flamanguaça and Raça Rubro-Negra.
Clássico dos Milhões
Clássico dos Milhões (meaning "Derby of Millions"), is the classic Brazilian derby between Flamengo and Vasco da Gama, both from Rio de Janeiro city, considered the greatest derby in Brazilian football and one of the biggest in football worldwide, in terms of rivalry, popularity, and history. Since its beginnings in the 1920s, it is named after the two largest fanbases of Rio de Janeiro (state).
The rivalry between these two clubs began in October 1911, when a group of dissatisfied players from Fluminense left the club, and went to Flamengo, which at the time had no football department. The first Fla–Flu ever was played the following year, on July 7, 1912 at Laranjeiras stadium. Fluminense won this match 3–2, with 800 people in attendance.
Flamengo has a rivalry with Atlético Mineiro of Minas Gerais, developed in the 1980s from numerous controversial encounters between the two clubs in that decade's Brasileirão and Copa Libertadores editions. It remained through the following years, and is considered the biggest interstate rivalry in Brazilian football. The head-to-head record between Atlético Mineiro and Flamengo is 41 victories for Flamengo, 34 victories for Atlético, and 30 draws.
Kit manufacturer and shirt sponsors
List of Flamengo's sponsors and kit manufacturers.
The club has a variety of other sponsors and official partners, which include Estácio de Sá, Cimento Mauá, Eletrobras Furnas, Brahma beer, iFood, Uber, Gatorade, Euro Colchões, Orthopride and Unicef.
First team squadAs of 31 January 2017
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Out of team
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Out on loan
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
For recent transfers, see List of Flamengo transfers 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2013.
12 – Club Supporters (the 12th Man) – Number dedicated to the rubro-negro fans (*).
State and regional competitions
South American competitions
For details, see Clube de Regatas do Flamengo records and statistics.
Average attendances per season
Average attendances at Maracanã including friendly matches and other competitions.
(*) Information not available.
Average attendances at Brazilian League
Regularly thousands of supporters show the strength of the scarlet-black nation, having the biggest number of highest average attendances per season between all the Brazilian clubs. Out of 38 editions of the Brasileirão, Flamengo held the average attendance record on 12 occasions. Atlético Mineiro are the closest followers, having the biggest average attendances nine times. From 1971 to 2006, Flamengo took an average 25.989 supporters per match to the Maracanã. Strong campaigns in the Copa Libertadores and a national championship title in 2009 brought crowds averaging 40,000 per season, but the temporary closing of the Maracanã due to the 2014 FIFA World Cup forced the club to hold matches in smaller stadiums and even outside the state of Rio de Janeiro, bringing the average attendance down between the years of 2010 and 2012. A modernized but smaller Maracanã, more expensive tickets, disagreements between the club and administrators of the venue, and lackluster league campaigns brought crowds of around 30,000 in the 2013 and 2014 seasons, although multiple sellouts were observed.
ManagementAs of October 29, 2015
Below is the presidential history of Clube de Regatas do Flamengo. The club had dozens of presidents, with variable permanence time. From 1895 to 1932, the terms lasted one year, from 1933 to 1956 two years, from 1957 to 1968 three years, from 1969 to 2000 was again two years and starting from 2001 again three years.
Besides rowing and football, Clube de Regatas do Flamengo also plays an active role in several Olympic sports, such as: gymnastics, basketball (see Flamengo Basketball), judo, swimming, volleyball and water polo.