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Chita, Zabaykalsky Krai

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Country  Russia
Founded  1653

Population  324,444 (2010)
Mayor  Anatoly Mikhalyov
Chita, Zabaykalsky Krai in the past, History of Chita, Zabaykalsky Krai
Colleges and Universities  Transbaikal State University, Chita State Academy of Medicine, Cita State Medical Academy

Map of Chita, Zabaykalsky Krai

Chita (Russian: Чита; [tɕɪˈta]) is a city and the administrative center of Zabaykalsky Krai, Russia, located at the confluence of the Chita and Ingoda Rivers and on the Trans-Siberian Railway, 900 kilometers (560 mi) east of Irkutsk. Population: 324,444 (2010 Census); 316,643 (2002 Census); 365,754 (1989 Census).


Chita, Zabaykalsky Krai in the past, History of Chita, Zabaykalsky Krai

City chita

Desfile dos finalistas universitarios chita russia

Before 1825

Chita, Zabaykalsky Krai Chita Photos Featured Images of Chita Zabaykalsky Krai TripAdvisor

For several centuries before the Russians arrived, local Mongolic and Turkic tribes inhabited the Chita region, along with various Chinese traders.

Chita, Zabaykalsky Krai russiatrekorgimagesphotochitarussiacitystre

Pyotr Beketov's Cossacks founded Chita in 1653.

1825 to 1918

After 1825, several of the Decembrists suffered exile to Chita; thus, Chita is on occasion called the "City of Exiles". Many of the Decembrists were intellectuals and members of the middle class, and consequently their arrival had a positive effect.

According to George Kennan, "Among the exiles in Chita were some of the brightest, most cultivated, most sympathetic men and women that we had met in Eastern Siberia."

Chita was granted town status on July 11, 1851.

When Richard Maack visited the city in 1855, he saw a wooden town, with one, also wooden, church. He estimated Chita's population at under 1,000, but predicted that the city would soon experience fast growth, due to the upcoming annexation of the Amur valley by Russia.

By 1885, Chita's population had reached 5,728, and by 1897 it increased to 11,500.

At the end of the 19th century, many Muslims settled in Chita, attracted by its trading potential. These Muslims were mainly of Tatar origin. They settled down near the Jewish quarter and built a mosque. Many Tatars living in Chita descend from these immigrants.

1918 to 1945

Chita was occupied by the Japanese between 1918 and 1920. From 1920 to 1922, Chita served as the capital of the Far Eastern Republic. From the 1930s to the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Chita was a closed city. During this period, foreigners were prohibited from traveling to Chita, as were many Russians.


In 1945, Puyi, the last Emperor of China, and some of his associates were held prisoner in the city, in a former sanatorium for officers.

Administrative and municipal status

Chita is the administrative center of Zabaykalsky Krai, and, within the framework of administrative divisions, it also serves as the administrative center of Chitinsky District, to which it is also subordinated. As a municipal division, the city of Chita together with one rural locality in Chitinsky District is incorporated as Chita Urban Okrug.

City districts

The city is subdivided into four administrative districts: Chernovsky (named after the Chernovskiye coal mines and colloquially known as "Chernovskiye"), Ingodinsky (named after the Ingoda River), Tsentralny, and Zheleznodorozhny.

Chernovsky Administrative District used to be a mining settlement, which was incorporated into Chita in 1941. Chernovskiye mines themselves are a geological nature monument of international status.


The Trans-Siberian Highway passes through Chita. Two sections of the highway connect in Chita: the M55 Baikal Highway, which goes from Chita to Irkutsk, and the M58 Amur Highway, which goes from Chita to Khabarovsk.

Chita is served by Kadala Airport, situated 15km to the west.


Chita is home to several facilities of higher education:

  • Transbaikal State University (formerly Chita State University)
  • Chita State Academy of Medicine
  • Military

    Chita Northwest air base is located nearby, as well as the 101st (Hub) Communications Brigade and the 53rd Material Support Regiment.


    FC Chita is Chita's association football club.

    An indoor arena for speed skating is planned.


    Chita experiences a borderline subarctic climate/humid continental climate (Köppen Dwc/Dwb) with very cold, very dry winters and warm, wet summers.

    Twin towns and sister cities

    Chita is twinned with:

  • Boise, Idaho, United States
  • Ulan-Ude, Russia; from 2011
  • Manzhouli, China; from 1999
  • Abilene, Texas, United States; from 1996
  • Choibalsan, Mongolia; from 1995
  • Chita, Japan; from 1994
  • Hailar District, China; from 1992
  • Notable people

  • Aleksandra Samusenko (1922-1945), Soviet Tank Captain, Sole female tankman in 1st Guards Tank Army
  • Yevgeni Alkhimov (born 1977), Russian professional footballer
  • Oleg Lundstrem (1916–2005), Soviet and Russian jazz composer
  • Igor Mirnov (born 1984), Russian professional ice hockey player
  • Ivan Nagibin (born 1986), Russian professional football player
  • Lev Okhotin (1911–1948), member of the Supreme Council of the Russian Fascist Party
  • Aleksandr Perfilyev (1895–1973), Russian journalist, poet and writer
  • Anastasia Pivovarova (born 1990), Russian professional tennis player
  • Boris Polevoy (1918–2002), Russian historian
  • Volodymyr Shkidchenko (born 1948), Ukrainian military, General of Army of Ukraine
  • Sergei Smirnov (born 1950), Russian security services official
  • Anatoly Sobchak (1937–2000), Russian politician
  • Vitaly Solomin (1941–2002), Soviet and Russian actor, director and screenwriter
  • Yury Solomin (born 1935), Soviet and Russian actor and director
  • Alina Stadnik (born 1991), Ukrainian female wrestler
  • Alexander Stranichkin (born 1955), Abkhazian politician
  • Lyudmila Titova (born 1946), Russian speed skater
  • Dmytro Tymchuk (born 1972), Ukrainian military expert and blogger
  • Yemelyan Yaroslavsky (1878–1943), Russian revolutionary, Soviet politician, communist party organizer
  • References

    Chita, Zabaykalsky Krai Wikipedia

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