Trisha Shetty (Editor)

Bust of Ferdinand Marcos

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Status  Destroyed
Country  Philippines
Destroyed  2002
Opened  1980
Material  Concrete
Town or city  Tuba, Benguet
Completed  1980
Height  30 m
Created  1980
Construction started  1978
Bust of Ferdinand Marcos surrounded by trees

Address  Aspiras–Palispis Highway

Similar  Burial of Ferdinand Marcos, Ferdinand Marcos, Imelda Marcos

9 Most Shocking Facts About Famous Landmarks

A 30 m (98 ft) concrete bust of President of the Philippines Ferdinand Marcos was built in Tuba, Benguet. The monument was destroyed in December 2002.


A large bust of Ferdinand Marcos carved into a hillside in Benguet (left), The broken bust of Ferdinand Marcos surrounded by trees with two kids (middle), and The closer look of the broken bust of Ferdinand Marcos (right)


A large bust of Ferdinand Marcos into a hillside

The bust bore the likeness of Ferdinand Marcos, President of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986. The inside of the bust was hollow. The bust measured 30 m (98 ft) high and was made of concrete.


Large Bust of Ferdinand Marcos (left), and The exploded bust of Ferdinand Marcos (right)

Around 1978, the bust's construction begun along Marcos Highway, which was later officially renamed Aspiras–Palispis Highway. The bust was constructed by the Philippine Tourism Authority and was meant to be the centerpiece of Marcos Park. The bust was positioned near the peak of Mt. Shontoug so it could be seen by Baguio-bound motorists as far as 3 km (1.9 mi) away from the monument. Father and son, Anselmo Dayag Sr. and Anselmo Jr. were chosen to design the bust but the former died due to disease. Scaffolding covered with plywood was reportedly erected to deliberately hide the bust's construction from the public. A typhoon later blew the scaffolding away, exposing the bust. The Ibaloi were said to have been displaced due to the bust's construction. It was reported that they were forced to sell their lands for outrageously low prices. The bust was completed around 1980.

Bust of Ferdinand Marcos with no features

After the People Power Revolution of 1986, the Ibaloi slaughtered a pig and carabao and poured the animals' blood into the bust to "exorcise" it and later filed a case to reclaim their land.

The bust was bombed in 1989 by leftist rebels and sustained cracks and other minor damage.

Activists standing together with a message written on a cloth in front of the bust of Ferdinand Marcos

The bust was subjected to controversy and was viewed as self-glorification, especially by critics of the Marcos administration. The Ibalois viewed it as a symbol of their mistrust for government authorities since the construction of the bust displaced them from their lands. Communist insurgents also criticized the bust's construction, and many groups planned to destroy the bust.


Bust of Ferdinand Marcos with a man standing

The bust was destroyed using dynamite before dawn on December 29, 2002 by suspected treasure hunters who thought that the bust contained parts of the rumored Yamashita treasure. Benguet Governor Raul Mencio Molintas said that the police learned that a white Toyota FX van was around the area prior to the incident. It was initially thought that the New People's Army was behind the bombing of the monument. The rebel group's Chadli Molintas Command claimed responsibility for the incident in a press release a day later. The communists said that the bust's mere existence "is a mockery of justice and a betrayal of the will of the people. ... Let the ruins be an ugly reminder that the Marcoses have yet to pay for their crimes."

The destroyed Bust of Ferdinand

Some critics of Marcos criticized the destruction of the monument. Archbishop Oscar Cruz of Lingayen-Dagupan said that the perpetrators "should have never destroyed the monument to evil in this country," describing the bust as "a monument to evil, warning people never to become what this man was."


Large Bust of Ferdinand Marcos (left), and The exploded bust of Ferdinand Marcos (right)

In 2003, Baguio city mayor Ramon Labo Jr. made an offer to the Marcos family to restore the bust. Imelda Marcos, the wife of Ferdinand Marcos (who died in exile in 1989), took the offer as a "kind gesture" but said that efforts to fix the monument should be a "collective decision of the Marcoses and their supporters". Ferdinand Marcos Jr., the son of the former president, said that restoring the bust was never a subject of discussion among the family.

A large bust of Ferdinand Marcos carved into a hillside is overtaken by demonstrators


Bust of Ferdinand Marcos Wikipedia