€ 5,17 Mrd(2015)
5.239 billion EUR (2013)
| Rail transport, Cargo transport, Services|
Imperial Royal Austrian State Railways, Austrian Southern Railway
The Austrian Federal Railways (German: Österreichische Bundesbahnen or ÖBB, formerly the Bundesbahn Österreich or BBÖ) is the national railway system of Austria, and the administrator of Liechtenstein's railways. The ÖBB group is owned entirely by the Republic of Austria and is divided into several separate businesses that manage the infrastructure and operate passenger and freight services.
The Austrian Federal Railways has had two discrete periods of existence. It was first formed in 1923, using the Bundesbahn Österreich name, as a successor to the Imperial Royal Austrian State Railways (kkStB), but was incorporated into the Deutsche Reichsbahn during the 1938-1945 Anschluss. It was reformed in 1947, using the slightly different Österreichische Bundesbahnen name, and remains in existence in this form.
Major changes currently being made to the Austrian railway network are the construction of the Wien Hauptbahnhof (Vienna main station), the Koralm Railway, the Semmering Base Tunnel and the Brenner Base Tunnel connection with Italy.
1882 – Gradual nationalisation of the railway network of the Austro-Hungarian Empire into the Imperial Royal Austrian State Railways (Kaiserlich-königliche österreichische Staatsbahnen, kkStB). By the outbreak of the World War I, the only major railway in Austria to remain in private hands was the Austrian Southern Railway (Südbahn).
1918 – After the break-up of the Austro-Hungarian Empire following the World War I, the Austrian rump of kkStB remained in state control under the name Deutschösterreichische Staatsbahnen (DÖStB), which was renamed the Österreichische Staatsbahnen (ÖStB) in 1919.
1923 – Foundation of the independent, commercial enterprise, the Bundesbahn Österreich (which used the abbreviation BBÖ, because ÖBB was already taken by the Swiss Oensingen-Balsthal-Bahn). This company took over the assets of the ÖStB and the Südbahn, together with other minor railways.
1938 – The Anschluss of Austria into the German Empire. The BBÖ was taken over by the Deutsche Reichsbahn. During World War II about 41% of the Austrian railway network was destroyed.
1947 – The company was reformed using the slightly different name of Österreichische Bundesbahnen and the abbreviation ÖBB (by that time the Swiss private railway used the abbreviation SP for its goods wagons in international traffic, so its abbreviation ÖBB could now be appropriated) as a state-owned company. Their infrastructure was rebuilt and electrification was accelerated.
1969 – A new federal railway law was enacted. The ÖBB became a non-independent, economic entity, that was run as a branch of the government's industrial programme and remained entirely within the Federal budget.
1992 – The ÖBB were broken out of the federal budget and turned into company with its own legal status (a cross between a GmbH and an AG in Austrian commercial terms). The company is 100% owned by the Republic of Austria. This change had two primary aims: 1. It had to conform to EU rules on the admission of Austria into the European Union. 2. The financial demand on the public purse was to be reduced as a result of improvements in efficiency and the pressure of competition.
2004 – The ÖBB were reorganised into ÖBB Holding AG and a number of operating subsidiaries. The holding company was to oversee the operations of the companies assigned to it, coordinate a coherent strategic approach and allocate tasks for the whole enterprise.
1 January 2005 – The subsidiaries of ÖBB-Holding AG became autonomous and independent operationally.
In 2012, ÖBB celebrated the 175th anniversary of the Nordbahn, the earliest predecessor company marking the start of rail transport in Austria. ÖBB CEO Christian Kern inaugurated an exhibition on the company's collaboration with the Third Reich, named "The Suppressed Years – Railway and National Socialism in Austria 1938–1945". He referred to that period as "the darkest chapter of our company history," adding that the company must accept this period as part of its legacy. The exhibition later went on tour and was presented at the European Parliament's parliamentary building in Brussels.
Austrian Federal Railways Wikipedia
The Austrian rail system is largely electrified. Electrification of the system began in 1912 but did not reach an advanced state until the 1950s. The last steam locomotive in regular service on the standard gauge network was retired in 1978.
The post-war laws related to the Austrian railways were the:Eisenbahngesetz (EisbG 1957),
Schieneninfrastrukturfinanzierungsgesetz (SCHIG 1999),
Eisenbahnhochleistungsstreckengesetz (HIG 1999) and
By a law of August 2009, the organisational structure dating from 2005 was further modified; the railways are under the control of ÖBB-Holding AG, a holding company wholly owned by the Austrian state, under the Bundesministerium für Verkehr, Innovation und Technologie.
The holding company has (2014) a number of subsidiaries
Operating subsidiary:ÖBB-Personenverkehr AG (Passenger transport)
ÖBB-Postbus GmbH, 100% subsidiary
ÖBB-Produktion GmbH, 50% subsidiary
ÖBB-Technische Services GmbH, 49% subsidiary
ÖBB Rail Tours|Rail Tours Touristik GmbH, 100% subsidiary
Rail Cargo Austria AG (RCA) (Freight transport)
Rail Cargo Hungaria Zrt., 100% subsidiary
ÖBB-Produktion GmbH, 50% subsidiary
ÖBB-Technische Services GmbH, 51% subsidiary
Rail Cargo Logistics - Austria GmbH
ÖBB-Infrastruktur AG (Infrastructure planning, management, and construction)
ÖBB-Immobilienmanagement GmbH, 100% subsidiary
Mungos Sicher & Sauber GmbH, 100% subsidiary
Rail Equipment GmbH, 100% subsidiary
Subsidiary companies of ÖBB-Holding AG:ÖBB-Shared Service Center GmbH 100% subsidiary
ÖBB-IKT GmbH 100% subsidiary
ÖBB-Werbung GmbH 100% subsidiary
European Contract Logistics - Austria GmbH 100% subsidiary
Subsidiary companies of ÖBB-Personenverkehr AG and Rail Cargo Austria AG are:ÖBB-Produktion GmbH (provision of locomotives)
ÖBB-Technische Services GmbH (technical services)
The infrastructure of the state-owned Austrian network is managed by ÖBB-Infrastruktur AG, which was formed from former infrastructure-related units including Brenner Eisenbahn GmbH. It now manages 9,740 km of track, 788 signal boxes, 247 tunnels, 6,207 bridges and eight hydro-electric power (hep) stations for the 16.7 Hz electrification system, and two hep stations for 50 Hz power generation.
At the end of 2009 it employed 17,612 staff.
According to the Annual Report 2013, the company employs 39,513, there of 13,599 employees, 24,251 tenured employees and 1,663 apprentices. In 2013, ÖBB-Personenverkehr AG carried 469 million passengers of which 235 million were bus passengers. The ÖBB has4,859 km (3,020 route miles); 72% electrified
1,128 train stations
2,799 passenger vehicles
26,518 freight wagons
ÖBB's bus services travel 52,500,000 km (32,621,988 mi) per year.
Western Railway from Wien Westbahnhof via St. Pölten Hauptbahnhof and Linz Hauptbahnhof to Salzburg Hauptbahnhof, including a parallel high-speed rail section ("New Western Railway") from Wien Meidling railway station to Linz
Southern Railway from Wien Hauptbahnhof (under construction)/Wien Meidling to Graz Hauptbahnhof, including the Semmering railway section - a UNESCO World Heritage Site
continuation to Klagenfurt by the Koralm Railway (under construction)
Northern Railway from Wien Praterstern railway station to Břeclav, Czech Republic
Eastern Railway from Vienna Hauptbahnhof (under construction) to Hegyeshalom, Hungary and Budapest Keleti railway station
Emperor Franz Joseph Railway from Wien Franz-Josefs-Bahnhof to Gmünd, Lower Austria and České Velenice, Czech Republic
Salzburg-Tyrol Railway from Salzburg Hauptbahnhof to Wörgl Hauptbahnhof
Enns Valley Railway from the Salzburg-Tyrol Railway at Bischofshofen to Selzthal
Tauern Railway from the Salzburg-Tyrol Railway at Schwarzach/Sankt Veit to Spittal an der Drau via the Tauern Railway Tunnel
Lower Inn Valley Railway from the German border near Kufstein railway station via Wörgl Hauptbahnhof to Innsbruck Hauptbahnhof; to be relieved by the New Lower Inn Valley railway line (under construction), part of the Trans-European Berlin–Palermo railway axis
western continuation by the Arlberg Railway to Bludenz railway station via the Arlberg Railway Tunnel
northwestern continuation by the Mittenwald Railway to Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany and the Ausserfern Railway to Kempten Hauptbahnhof
southern continuation by the Brenner Railway to Bolzano, Italy and Verona via the Innsbruck bypass and the Brenner Pass, to be replaced by the Brenner Base Tunnel (planned)
All neighbouring railways have the same gauge.Czech Republic — voltage and frequency change to 25 kV 50 Hz AC
Germany — same voltage and frequency 15 kV 16.7 Hz AC
Hungary — voltage and frequency change to 25 kV 50 Hz AC
Italy — voltage and frequency change to 3 kV DC
Liechtenstein — same voltage and frequency 15 kV 16.7 Hz AC
Slovakia — voltage and frequency change to 25 kV 50 Hz AC
Slovenia — voltage and frequency change to 3 kV DC
Switzerland — same voltage and frequency 15 kV 16.7 Hz AC