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Aleksander Burba

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Name  Aleksander Burba

Fields  Chemistry, Metallurgy
Aleksander Burba
Native name  Александр Адольфович Бурба
Born  6 August 1918 Yenakievo, Yekaterinoslav Governorate, Ukrainian State (1918-08-06)
Nationality  Ukrainian State (1918), Ukrainian SSR (1919-1922), Soviet Union
Known for  Founder of metallurgy of germanium in Russia
Notable awards  Order of Lenin (1961, 1966) Order of October Revolution (1971) Order of the Badge of Honour (1957, 1981) Six medals See more
Died  October 5, 1984, Orenburg, Russia
Alma mater  Southern Federal University (1941)

Aleksander Adolfovich Burba (Russian: Алекса́ндр Адо́льфович Бу́рба; [ɐlʲɪˈksandr ɐˈdolʲfəvʲitɕ ˈburbə]; 6 August 1918 – 5 October 1984) was a Soviet organizer of industry and education, a scholar in the field of chemical and metallurgical technologies, Ph.D. (Technology, 1968), Professor (1980), Director of the Mednogorsk Copper-Sulfur Plant (1954-1971), the first Rector (founder) of the Orenburg Polytechnic Institute (1971-1983), now the Orenburg State University. Honorary Citizen of Mednogorsk, Orenburg Oblast (1979).

Contents

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Early years

Aleksander Burba was born in Yenakievo, Yekaterinoslav Governorate, Ukrainian State. His father, a native of Lithuania Adolf Bonifatsievich Burba, was a weighman at the Yenakievo Railway Station. He was awarded on behalf of the Russian Tsar Nicholas II a silver pocket watches with an engraving "To the best weighman of Russia". Aleksander began working even while still in high school in Rykovo (such was the name of the city of Yenakievo in 1928—1935). For two years he was a teacher of drawing at the same high school, where he studied.

At the University

In 1936 Aleksander joined the Rostov State University in Rostov-on-Don and in 1941 graduated from the Chemistry Department. In his student years he worked in 1937—1939 as a teacher of chemistry at the Courses of Industrial Masters in Rostov-on-Don, and since 1940 — as a research assistant at the Hydrochemical Institute of the USSR Academy of Sciences in Novocherkassk, Rostov Oblast. He continued to work at the same Institute after his graduation from the University.

Experience in industry

After the beginning of the German-Soviet period of the WW II Aleksander Burba was ordered to join the defense-connected enterprise in the town of Mednogorsk, Chkalov (now Orenburg) Oblast. In 1941—1954 he worked at the Mednogorsk Copper-Sulfur Plant (MCSP) as Senior Engineer of Research Department, Head of Chemical Workshop, Head of Industrial Engineering Department. Simultaneously, in 1942—1945 he was a teacher at the Industrial School and a supervisor of the industrial training of the students of the Ural Polytechnic Institute. In 1954—1971 he was Director of the Mednogorsk Copper-Sulfur Plant.

In 1968 he obtained an academic degree of Candidate of Technical Sciences (the Russian equivalent of Ph.D.) from the Baykov Institute of Metallurgy of the USSR Academy of Sciences. His dissertation was on the industrial technology of germanium smelting. That time the production of germanium was classified as a secret one. The same classification has been applied to the Burba’s dissertation. Due to it his work never was published in full. The scientific consultant of his thesis was David Chizhikov, a corresponding member of the USSR Academy of Sciences.

Development of university education

In 1971 Aleksander Burba was appointed the Rector of the just founded Orenburg Polytechnic Institute. To date, this Institute has grown into the Orenburg State University. Burba was also Chairman of the Council of Rectors of the Orenburg region. In 1980 Burba obtained an academic title of Professor in the Department of Chemistry from the Higher Attestation Commission under the USSR Council of Ministers. Since October 1983, after reaching the limiting age for the head of an organization (65 years), he worked as a Head of Department of Chemistry at the Orenburg Polytechnic Institute.

Aleksander Burba died in Orenburg, Russia, USSR and is buried in Mednogorsk, Orenburg Oblast, in the cemetery near Mayak Mountain.

Technological achievements

A. Burba obtained 29 author's certificates (a form of inventor's recognition formerly available in the USSR) for his inventions in industrial technology. His scientific and technological researches and industrial implementations involve purification of sulphur from impurities, producing of sulphuric acid, metallurgy of non-ferrous metalls, including rare metals (copper, germanium, lead, selenium, etc.), powder metallurgy, cleaning and recycling of wastes of chemical plants, the protection of the environment.

Copper-nickel separation smelting

In 1941—1942 he was one of the leading development engineers of technology of separation smelting (so named top-and-bottom smelting), which resulted in a simultaneous production of both copper and nickel in the water-jacket furnaces at the Mednogorsk Copper-Sulfur Plant. Such process was to replace the previously used one, when only copper was extracted by smelting. This approach was named later a revolutionary step in the non-ferrous metallurgy in Russia.

Production of germanium

In 1956—1960 A. Burba was a key person in development of the chemical and metallurgical technology for the extraction of germanium and other rare metals. This technology has been introduced into the industrial production at the Mednogorsk Copper-Sulfur Plant. A new Dust Processing Workshop has been founded there to make a complex processing of dusts from copper smelting and ashes from the combustion of steam coal. Founding of this workshop is considered to be the largest event in the non-ferrous metallurgy in the 20th century. This workshop brought more than a million rubles yearly income. For the first time in the Soviet Union the production of germanium concentrate from metallurgical dusts and coal ashes has been launched on an industrial scale. After that it became possible to cease the import of germanium, a semiconductor metal, which was highly required for the electronics industry.

In 1962 after the initiative and with consultations of A. Burba a similar production was established at the Angren Chemical and Metallurgical Plant in the city of Angren, Uzbekistan (now "Angrenenergotsvetmet"). After that, the Soviet Union held the world leadership in the production of germanium. The production was so abundant that up to 40% of it was exported. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union and until the early 2010s the Mednogorsk Copper-Sulfur Plant was the only producer of germanium concentrate in Russia.

Awards and decorations

Orders
Order of Lenin, twice (1961, 1966)
Order of the October Revolution (1971)
Order of the Badge of Honour, twice (1957, 1981)

WW II medal
Medal "For Valiant Labour in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945" (1946)

Civil medals
Medal "For Distinguished Labour" (1954)
Medal "Veteran of Labour" (1984)
Medal "For the Development of Virgin Lands" (1957)

Jubilee medals
Medal "In Commemoration of the 100th Anniversary since the Birth of Vladimir Il'ich Lenin" (1970)
Medal "Thirty Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945" (1975)

Honors
Honorary Citizen of Mednogorsk (1979)
Included in «The Book of Honor» of Orenburg University (1996)

References

Aleksander Burba Wikipedia


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