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Orenburg Oblast

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Country  Russia
Economic region  Urals
Administrative center  Orenburg
Area  124,000 km²
Federal district  Volga
Established  December 7, 1934
Area rank  29th
Orenburg Oblast russiatrekorgimagesphotoorenburgrussiaoblast

Destinations  Orenburg, Buzuluksky Bor National Park, Sol-Iletsk
Clubs and Teams  FC Orenburg, Yuzhny Ural Orsk, Nadezhda Orenburg, Gazprom-OGU Orenburg, Sarmaty Orenburzhya
Points of interest  Park Kultury i Otdykha, Zauralnaya grove, Orenburg governor historical, Gorodskoy Sad Imfrunze, Museum of the History of Orenbu
Colleges and Universities  Orenburg State University, Orenburg State Agrarian, Orenburg State Medical, Orenburg State Pedagogi, Orenburg Institute (Branch

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Orenburg Oblast (Russian: Оренбу́ргская о́бласть, Orenburgskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). Its administrative center is the city of Orenburg. From 1938 to 1957, it bore the name Chkalov Oblast (Чка́ловская о́бласть) in honor of Valery Chkalov. Population: 2,033,072 (2010 Census).


Map of Orenburg Oblast, Russia

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The most important river of the oblast is the Ural.

Orenburg is traversed by the northeasterly line of equal latitude and longitude.


Population: 2,033,072 (2010 Census); 2,179,551 (2002 Census); 2,174,459 (1989 Census).

Vital statistics for 2012
  • Births: 29 736 (14.7 per 1000)
  • Deaths: 28 225 (13.9 per 1000)
  • Total fertility rate:
  • 2009 - 1.76 | 2010 - 1.80 | 2011 - 1.80 | 2012 - 1.95 | 2013 - 2.00 | 2014 - 2.03 | 2015 - 2.01 | 2016 - 1.95(e)

    According to the 2010 Census, the ethnic composition of the oblast was as follows:

  • Russians: 75.9%
  • Tatars: 7.6%
  • Kazakhs: 6%
  • Ukrainians: 2.5%
  • Bashkirs: 2.3%
  • Mordvinians: 1.9%
  • Germans: 0.6%
  • Chuvash: 0.6%
  • Belarusians: 0.3%
  • Azeris: 0.4%
  • other groups, none more than 0.2% of the population
  • 30,449 people were registered from administrative databases, and could not declare an ethnicity. It is estimated that the proportion of ethnicities in this group is the same as that of the declared group.
  • Religion

    As of a 2012 official survey 40.2% of the population of Orenburg Oblast adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 3% declare themselves to be generic nondenominational Christians (excluding the Protestant definition), 2% are Orthodox Christian believers who do not belong to any church or belong to non-Russian Orthodox churches. Muslims constitute 13% of the population. 3% of the population are followers of the Slavic native faith (Rodnovery), 6.8% are followers of other religions or did not give an answer to the survey. In addition, 20% of the population declares to be "spiritual but not religious" and 12% to be atheist.


    Orenburg Oblast is one of the major agricultural areas of Russia. Its climate is favorable to farming with a humid spring, dry summer and a large number of sunny days, which make perfect conditions for cultivating hard wheat and rye, sunflowers, potatoes, peas, beans, corn, and gourds.

    The range of the oblast's export commodities includes: oil and oil products, gas and gas produced products, rolled ferrous and non-ferrous metals, nickel, asbestos, chromium compounds, rough copper, electric engines, radiators, products of machine-building industry.


    Orenburg Oblast Wikipedia